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Lower Saxony, Germany

Eberle A.,Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology BIPS | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Castro F.,German Cancer Research Center | Krilaviciute A.,German Cancer Research Center | And 16 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2015

Objectives: Lung cancer is the most common cancer-related death worldwide. In Germany it accounts for 25% of cancer deaths in men, and 14% in women. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of 5-year relative survival by sex, age, histology, and tumour stage in Germany representing a population of 26.7 million people. Materials and methods: The study is based on a pooled German dataset including data from 12 population-based cancer registries covering around one third of the German population. A total of 132,612 patients diagnosed with lung cancer from 2002 to 2010 were included in the analysis. Survival estimates for the time period 2007-2010 were calculated using period analysis. Differences in survival between sexes were tested for statistical significance by model-based period analysis (poisson regression model). The relative excess risk (RER) of death (women vs. men) was extracted from the model with the p value for the difference in RER. Results: The overall age adjusted 5-year relative survival was 15.5% (standard error (SE) 0.2) for men and 20.3% (SE 0.3) in women. Survival differed markedly according to age (men: <60 years 18.5% vs. 80+ years 8.4% and women 23.7% vs. 10.6%, respectively), histology (largest difference between histological groups: men 25.7 and women 44.4% points) and stage (men: UICC Ia 62.9%, vs. UICC IV 4.6% and women 75.2% vs. 7.0%, respectively). Our study showed survival advantages for women compared to men, most notably in younger aged patients (RER 0.83, p< 0.0001), patients with adenocarcinoma (RER 0.80, p< 0.0001), and patients with lower stage cancer (RER 0.62, p< 0.0001). Conclusions: This study presents up-to-date survival estimates for lung cancer in Germany. Compared to other European countries survival was relatively high. Women showed higher survival than men independent of age, histology and stage. The reasons for the survival differences require further clarification. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Rusner C.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg | Trabert B.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Katalinic A.,Cancer Registry of Schleswig Holstein | Kieschke J.,Cancer Registry of Lower Saxony | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2013

Background: Malignant gonadal (GGCT) and extragonal germ cell tumors [GCT (EGCT)] are thought to originate from primordial germ cells. In contrast to well reported population-based data of GGCTs in males, analyses of GGCTs in females and EGCTs in both sexes remain limited. Methods: In a pooling project of nine population-based cancer registries in Germany for the years 1998-2008, 16,883 malignant GCTs and their topographical sites were identified using ICD-O morphology and topography for persons aged 15 years and older. We estimated age-specific and age-standardized incidence rates. Results: Among males, the incidence of testicular GCTs increased over time. In contrast, there was no increase in the incidence of EGCTs. Among females, rates of ovarian GCTs were stable, while rates of EGCTs declined over time. The most frequent extragonadal sites were mediastinum among males and placenta among females. Conclusions: Our results underline different incidence trends and distinct age-specific incidence patterns of malignant GGCTs and EGCTs, as reported recently by several population-based registries. The differences suggest that GGCT and EGCT may have different etiologies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Krilaviciute A.,German Cancer Research Center | Katalinic A.,University of Lubeck | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2015

Background and Aim: This study aims to examine survival for gastric lymphomas and its main subtypes, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT), and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), in Germany and in the United States. Methods: Data for patients diagnosed in 1997-2010 were used from 10 population-based German cancer registries and compared to the data from the US Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 13 registries database. Patients age 15-74 diagnosed with gastric lymphomas were included in the analysis. Period analysis and modeled period analysis were used to estimate 5-year and 10-year relative survival (RS) in 2002-2010 and survival trends from 2002-2004 to 2008-2010. Results: Overall, the database included 1534 and 2688 patients diagnosed with gastric lymphoma in 1997-2010 in Germany and in the United States, respectively. Survival was substantially higher for MALT (5-year and 10-year RS: 89.0% and 80.9% in Germany, 93.8% and 86.8% in the United States) than for DLBCL (67.5% and 59.2% in Germany, and 65.3% and 54.7% in the United States) in 2002-2010. Survival was slightly higher among female patients and decreased by age for gastric lymphomas combined and its main subtypes. A slight, nonsignificant, increase in the 5-year RS for gastric lymphomas combined was observed in Germany and the United States, with increases in 5-year RS between 2002-2004 and 2008-2010 from 77.1% to 81.0% and from 77.3% to 82.0%, respectively. Five-year RS of MALT exceeded 90% in 2008-2010 in both countries. Conclusions: Five-year RS of MALT meanwhile exceeds 90% in both Germany and the United States, but DLBCL has remained below 70% in both countries. © 2015 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source


Nennecke A.,Hamburg Cancer Registry | Geiss K.,Population based Cancer Registry Bavaria | Hentschel S.,Hamburg Cancer Registry | Vettorazzi E.,University of Hamburg | And 15 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2014

Background: Cancer care services including cancer prevention activities are predominantly localised in central cities, potentially causing a heterogeneous geographic access to cancer care. The question of an association between residence in either urban or rural areas and cancer survival has been analysed in other parts of the world with inconsistent results. This study aims at a comparison of age-standardised 5-year survival of cancer patients resident in German urban and rural regions using data from 11 population-based cancer registries covering a population of 33 million people. Material and methods: Patients diagnosed with cancers of the most frequent and of some rare sites in 1997-2006 were included in the analyses. Places of residence were assigned to rural and urban areas according to administrative district types of settlement structure. Period analysis and district type specific population life tables were used to calculate overall age-standardised 5-year relative survival estimates for the period 2002-2006. Poisson regression models for excess mortality (relative survival) were used to test for statistical significance. Results: The 5-year relative survival estimates varied little among district types for most of the common sites with no consistent trend. Significant differences were found for female breast cancer patients and male malignant melanoma patients resident in city core regions with slightly better survival compared to all other district types, particularly for patients aged 65 years and older. Conclusion: With regard to residence in urban or rural areas, the results of our study indicate that there are no severe differences concerning quality and accessibility of oncological care in Germany among different district types of settlement. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Pulte D.,German Cancer Research Center | Pulte D.,Thomas Jefferson University | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | And 17 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015

Multiple myeloma is a chronic, incurable but highly treatable neoplasm. Recent population-based studies have shown improvements in survival for patients diagnosed in the early 21st century. Here, we examine trends in survival for patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma in Germany and the United States (US) between 2002 and 2010. Data were extracted from 11 population-based cancer registries in Germany and from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database in the US. Myeloma patients aged 15-74 years with diagnosis and follow-up between 1997 and 2010 from Germany and the US were included. Period analysis was employed to assess trends in 5-year relative survival in Germany and the US between 2002-04 and 2008-10. Age-adjusted 5-year relative survival increased from 47·3% to 53·8% in Germany and from 39·8% to 53·2% in the US between 2002-04 and 2008-10. There was a strong age gradient with lower survival among older patients, which persisted over time and was more pronounced in Germany than the US. Five-year relative survival estimates for patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma below 75 years of age steadily increased throughout the first decade of the 21st century and reached levels above 50% in both Germany and the US, probably reflecting the increased use of newer agents in myeloma treatment. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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