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Bremen, Germany

Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Krilaviciute A.,German Cancer Research Center | Katalinic A.,University of Lubeck | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2015

Background and Aim: This study aims to examine survival for gastric lymphomas and its main subtypes, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT), and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), in Germany and in the United States. Methods: Data for patients diagnosed in 1997-2010 were used from 10 population-based German cancer registries and compared to the data from the US Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 13 registries database. Patients age 15-74 diagnosed with gastric lymphomas were included in the analysis. Period analysis and modeled period analysis were used to estimate 5-year and 10-year relative survival (RS) in 2002-2010 and survival trends from 2002-2004 to 2008-2010. Results: Overall, the database included 1534 and 2688 patients diagnosed with gastric lymphoma in 1997-2010 in Germany and in the United States, respectively. Survival was substantially higher for MALT (5-year and 10-year RS: 89.0% and 80.9% in Germany, 93.8% and 86.8% in the United States) than for DLBCL (67.5% and 59.2% in Germany, and 65.3% and 54.7% in the United States) in 2002-2010. Survival was slightly higher among female patients and decreased by age for gastric lymphomas combined and its main subtypes. A slight, nonsignificant, increase in the 5-year RS for gastric lymphomas combined was observed in Germany and the United States, with increases in 5-year RS between 2002-2004 and 2008-2010 from 77.1% to 81.0% and from 77.3% to 82.0%, respectively. Five-year RS of MALT exceeded 90% in 2008-2010 in both countries. Conclusions: Five-year RS of MALT meanwhile exceeds 90% in both Germany and the United States, but DLBCL has remained below 70% in both countries. © 2015 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Eisemann N.,University of Lubeck | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | Chen T.,German Cancer Research Center | And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2016

Background Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer in Germany, but detailed information on survival is lacking. Objectives To provide survival estimates for female and male patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), sarcoma, adenocarcinoma and Merkel cell carcinoma. Further subgroup analyses were carried out by age, tumour stage and body site. Methods In total 459 640 patients diagnosed with NMSC in 1997-2011 were included from population-based cancer registers, covering a population of 33 million inhabitants. Age-standardized absolute and relative 5-year and 10-year survival were calculated using period analysis. Results The absolute and relative 5-year survival were 87·1% and 102·9% for BCC, 77·6% and 93·6% for SCC, 82·1% and 96·0% for sarcoma, 71·4% and 85·7% for adenocarcinoma and 60·0% and 70·7% for Merkel cell carcinoma, respectively. Higher age, female sex and advanced stage were associated with lower survival. Conclusions A comprehensive overview of NMSC survival in Germany is provided. The differences between the NMSC subtypes require a more differentiated consideration of patient survival. The survival advantage of patients with BCC may be related to health-promoting factors related to the BCC diagnosis, such as changes to a healthier lifestyle. © 2015 British Association of Dermatologists. Source

Nennecke A.,Hamburg Cancer Registry | Geiss K.,Population based Cancer Registry Bavaria | Hentschel S.,Hamburg Cancer Registry | Vettorazzi E.,University of Hamburg | And 15 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2014

Background: Cancer care services including cancer prevention activities are predominantly localised in central cities, potentially causing a heterogeneous geographic access to cancer care. The question of an association between residence in either urban or rural areas and cancer survival has been analysed in other parts of the world with inconsistent results. This study aims at a comparison of age-standardised 5-year survival of cancer patients resident in German urban and rural regions using data from 11 population-based cancer registries covering a population of 33 million people. Material and methods: Patients diagnosed with cancers of the most frequent and of some rare sites in 1997-2006 were included in the analyses. Places of residence were assigned to rural and urban areas according to administrative district types of settlement structure. Period analysis and district type specific population life tables were used to calculate overall age-standardised 5-year relative survival estimates for the period 2002-2006. Poisson regression models for excess mortality (relative survival) were used to test for statistical significance. Results: The 5-year relative survival estimates varied little among district types for most of the common sites with no consistent trend. Significant differences were found for female breast cancer patients and male malignant melanoma patients resident in city core regions with slightly better survival compared to all other district types, particularly for patients aged 65 years and older. Conclusion: With regard to residence in urban or rural areas, the results of our study indicate that there are no severe differences concerning quality and accessibility of oncological care in Germany among different district types of settlement. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Chen T.,German Cancer Research Center | Fallah M.,German Cancer Research Center | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | And 21 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2015

We aimed at investigating the distribution and risk of all second discordant primary cancers (SDPCs) after a specific first primary cancer in Germany and Sweden to provide etiological understanding of SDPCs and insight into their incidence rates and recording practices. Among 1,537,004 survivors of first primary cancers in Germany and 588,103 in Sweden, overall 80,162 and 32,544 SDPCs were recorded, respectively. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of all SDPCs were elevated at levels between 1.1 and 2.1 after 23 (out of overall 29) cancers in Germany and at levels between 1.1 and 1.6 after 24 cancers in Sweden, and among them, elevated SIRs were found after 19 cancers in both populations. Decreased SIRs at levels ranging from 0.5 to 0.9 were found for some cancers with poor prognosis in Germany only. We found elevated risk after 19 out of 29 cancers in both countries, suggesting common etiology of SDPCs after most of first cancers and registration similarity. Decreased risks after some fatal cancers were found only in Germany, which may be attributed to reporting practices or missed death data in Germany. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Pulte D.,German Cancer Research Center | Pulte D.,Thomas Jefferson University | Jansen L.,German Cancer Research Center | Castro F.A.,German Cancer Research Center | And 17 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015

Multiple myeloma is a chronic, incurable but highly treatable neoplasm. Recent population-based studies have shown improvements in survival for patients diagnosed in the early 21st century. Here, we examine trends in survival for patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma in Germany and the United States (US) between 2002 and 2010. Data were extracted from 11 population-based cancer registries in Germany and from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database in the US. Myeloma patients aged 15-74 years with diagnosis and follow-up between 1997 and 2010 from Germany and the US were included. Period analysis was employed to assess trends in 5-year relative survival in Germany and the US between 2002-04 and 2008-10. Age-adjusted 5-year relative survival increased from 47·3% to 53·8% in Germany and from 39·8% to 53·2% in the US between 2002-04 and 2008-10. There was a strong age gradient with lower survival among older patients, which persisted over time and was more pronounced in Germany than the US. Five-year relative survival estimates for patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma below 75 years of age steadily increased throughout the first decade of the 21st century and reached levels above 50% in both Germany and the US, probably reflecting the increased use of newer agents in myeloma treatment. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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