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Seongnam, South Korea

Santiago-Rivas M.,University of Rhode Island | Velicer W.F.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Redding C.A.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Prochaska J.O.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Paiva A.L.,University of Rhode Island
Psychology, Health and Medicine | Year: 2012

The aim of this study is to identify replicable cluster subtypes within the precontemplation stage of change for sun protection. Secondary data analysis of baseline data from a sample of participants in a home-based expert system intervention was performed. Three random samples were selected from participants in the precontemplation stage (N=570). Cluster analyses were performed using the scales of pros, cons, and self-efficacy. Interpretability of pattern, pseudo F-test, and dendograms were used to determine the number of clusters. A four-cluster solution replicated across subsamples. Significant differences between clusters on the nine processes of change and on behavioral measures were found. Cluster solutions were robust, interpretable and with good initial external validity. They replicated patterns found for other behaviors, demonstrating long-term predictability and providing basis for tailored interventions. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Lee S.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Park J.-M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Jeong M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Han Y.-M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Pancreatology | Year: 2016

Aim: Effective therapy to treat acute pancreatitis (AP) or to prevent its recurrence/complication is still not available. Based on previous results that suggest that: i) hydrogen sulfide (H2S) levels were significantly increased in pancreatitis and gastritis and ii) Korean red ginseng (KRG) efficiently attenuated Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis through the suppressive actions of H2S, we hypothesized that KRG can ameliorate experimental pancreatitis through suppression of H2S generation. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were pre-administered KRG and then subjected to cerulein injection or pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) to induce pancreatitis. Blood and pancreas tissues were collected and processed to measure serum levels of amylase, lipase and myeloperoxidase and the concentration of H2S and the levels of various inflammatory cytokine in pancreatic tissues of mice with induced AP. Results: KRG significantly inhibited NaHS-induced COX-2 and TNF-α mRNA in pancreatic cells, but dl-propargylglycine did not. KRG ameliorated cerulein-induced edematous pancreatitis accompanied with significant inactivation of NF-κB and JNK in pancreatic tissues of C57BL/6 mice (p < 0.001) and also significantly ameliorated PDL-induced necrotizing pancreatitis (p<0.01); in both conditions, the significant suppression of H2S resulting from KRG pretreatment afforded rescuing outcomes. Along with suppressed levels of H2S consequent to depressed expressions of CBS and CSE mRNA, KRG administration efficiently decreased the serum level of amylase, lipase, and myeloperoxidase and the expression of inflammatory cytokines in animal models of mild or severe AP. Conclusions: These results provide evidence for the preventive and therapeutic roles of KRG against AP mediated by H2S suppression. © 2016 IAP and EPC. Source

Han Y.-M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Park J.-M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Kangwan N.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | Jeong M.,Cancer Prevention Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Gastrin is the main hormone stimulating gastric acid secretion, but it exerts proliferative and anti-apoptotic actions on various cancer cell types, in addition to its well-known trophic effect on enterochromaffin-like cells. As treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increases the biosynthesis and secretion of gastrin, it has been postulated that treatment with PPIs could increase the risk of cancer, especially in Barrett’s esophagus, gastric carcinoids, and colorectal cancer (CRC). Some tumors produce gastrin of their own, which can act in an autocrine manner to promote tumor growth. In addition, gastrin is known to foster the tumor microenvironment. However, in spite of these potentially increased cancer risks due to PPI-induced hypergastrinemia, prospective, large-scale cohort studies did not show an increase in CRC prevalence. The question as to why the long-term use of PPIs was not associated with an increased cancer risk of CRC might be answered by the fact that the PPIs antagonized the trophic effects of hypergastrinemia. Furthermore, the blockade of proton pumps or potassium channels in cancer cells could limit the abnormal glycolytic energy metabolism of cancer cells. Apart from their suppressive effect on gastric acids, PPIs exert an anti-tumor effect through the selective induction of apoptosis as well as an anti-inflammatory effect, and they protect cells from developing chemo- or radiotherapeutic resistance. Moreover, the anti-carcinogenic actions of PPIs were augmented with PPI-induced hypergastrinemia. Together with their potential targeted killing of cancer stem cells, these effects demonstrate their potential anti-cancer actions. © 2015, Polish Physiological Society. All rights reserved. Source

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