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Ferdosi S.,Group of Genetics | Saffari M.,Group of Genetics | Saffari M.,University of Sfax | Eskandarieh S.,Neuroscience Institute | And 5 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2016

Background: Melanoma, the most life-threatening type of skin cancer, is a malignant tumor initiating in melanocytes that rapidly metastasizes and causes death. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, samples were selected from patients' information files in our Cancer Institute in Tehran with a designed checklist. A total of 322 files were found from 2003 until 2012. Then the raw data were transferred to Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 16 and additional analysis was performed by Students t-test. The important variables were considered according to the available information from history of pathology including age, gender, occupation, stage and location of tumor. Results: Our data showed that incidence of melanoma has been different in the studied 10-year period according to age. Also, incidence of melanoma was higher in men than women. It was more common in lower limbs. More commonly housewives among women and farmers among men were affected by melanoma. Conclusions: Taken together the descriptive data clarified general aspects of this disease for further screening and interventions.

Faghihi M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Alizadeh A.M.,Cancer Institute of Iran | Khori V.,Golestan University of Medical Sciences | Latifpour M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Khodayari S.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran Medical
Peptides | Year: 2012

Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common complication of heart disease that is the leading cause of death worldwide. Here, we plan to elucidate oxytocin cardioprotection effects against ischemia-reperfusion via nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and protein kinase C (PKC) in anesthetized rat preconditioned myocardium. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into eight groups. All animals were subjected to 25 min ischemia and 120 min reperfusion. Oxytocin (OT), L-NAME (LNA, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), chelerythrine (CHE, a PKC enzyme inhibitor), and N-acetylcysteine (NAC, a ROS scavenger) were used prior to ischemia. Results showed that mean arterial pressure significantly reduced during the first 10 min of ischemia and reperfusion in IR, LNA, CHE, and NAC groups (p < 0.05). OT prevented mean arterial pressure decline during early phase of ischemia and reperfusion. Cardioprotective effects of OT in infarct size, plasma levels of creatine kinase-MB and lactate dehydrogenase, severity and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias were abolished by L-NAME, chelerythrine, and N-acetylcysteine (p < 0.05). The present study showed that OT pretreatment reduces myocardial infarct size and ventricular arrhythmias, and improves mean arterial pressure via NO production, PKC activation, and ROS balance. These findings provide new insight into therapeutic strategies for ischemic heart disease. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Sabokbar T.,Cancer Institute of Iran | Khajeh E.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Taghdiri F.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Peyghambari V.,Cancer Institute of Iran | Shirkoohi R.,Cancer Institute of Iran
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Introduction:Annually a considerable number of people die because of breast cancer, a common disease among women also in Iran. Identifying risk factors and susceptible people can lead to prevention or at least early diagnosis. Among susceptibility risks, 5-10% of patients have a family history predisposing factor which can influence the risk of incidence among the family. Having a registry program can be a more practical way to screen high risk families for preventive planning. Method:Based on inclusion criteria, a questionnaire was prepared and after a pilot study on a small number of patients, actual data were collected on 400 patients and processed in SPSS 16.0. Results:Totally, 28.2%of the patients were younger than 40 years old and 36.8% had the included criteria for familial breast cancer (FBC). 102 patient's samples could be compared for receptor presentation. Similar to other studies, the number of triple negative breast cancers increased as the age decreased. Conclusion:The high percentage of patients with FBC among 400 cases in this study demonstrates that in order to design an infrastructural diagnostic protocol and screening of patients with FBC, a precise survey related to frequency and founder mutations of FBC is needed nationwide.

Haddadi M.,Cancer Institute of Iran | Muhammadnejad S.,Cancer Institute of Iran | Sadeghi-Fazel F.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Zandieh Z.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | And 8 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: Since the survival rate of breast cancer patients has improved, harmful effects of new treatment modalities on fertility of the young breast cancer patients has become a focus of attention. This study aimed to systematically review and critically appraise all available guidelines for fertility preservation in young breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Major citation databases were searched for treatment guidelines. Experts from relevant disciplines appraised the available guidelines. The AGREE II Instrument that includes 23 criteria in seven domains (scope and purpose of the guidelines, stakeholder involvement, rigor of development, clarity, applicability, editorial independence, and overall quality) was used to apprise and score the guidelines. Results: The search strategy retrieved 2,606 citations; 72 were considered for full-text screening and seven guidelines were included in the study. There was variability in the scores assigned to different domains among the guidelines. ASCO (2013), with an overall score of 68.0%, had the highest score, and St Gallen, with an overall score of 24.7%, had the lowest scores among the guidelines. Conclusions: With the promising survival rate among breast cancer patients, more attention should be given to include specific fertility preservation recommendations for young breast cancer patients.

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