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Kitade H.,Houju Memorial Hospital | Shimasaki T.,Outpatient Cancer Chemotherapy Center | Shimasaki T.,Kanazawa Medical University | Igarashi S.,Houju Memorial Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2014

Neurotoxicity is one of the most frequent side-effects of oxaliplatin. Oxaliplatin-induced cumulative and dose-limiting neurotoxicity either results in dose reduction or decreases the patients' quality of life. However, the symptoms of neurotoxicity often vary among patients. The current study presents the case of a male with rectal cancer, who was administered a cumulative oxaliplatin dose of >5,000 mg/m2 without developing neurotoxicity or allergic reactions. Consequently, this patient continued therapy with modified 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin treatment for four years, with stabilization of the disease. This case indicates that if oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy shows efficacy with no toxicity, the long-term administration of oxaliplatin would be effective and tolerable. Previously, the analysis of genomic polymorphisms in drug target genes has been important for explaining interindividual variations in the efficacy and toxicity of anti-cancer drugs. In the present patient, the glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene polymorphism, which is involved in the detoxification of platinum drugs, was analyzed. The genotype of the present case has been revealed as wild type (Ile/Ile) genotype. In addition, the associations between oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity and the GSTP1 polymorphism were also assessed. Certain studies have demonstrated that oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity occurs more frequently in patients with the Ile/Ile genotype, while others have demonstrated that those patients with the Val/Val or Ile/Val genotypes are more likely to develop neurotoxicity. Therefore, correlation between the GSTP1 polymorphism and oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity remains controversial. Overall, further development of individualized chemotherapy with an analysis of genomic polymorphisms in the drug target genes is required for the prophylaxis oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity.

Kitade H.,Houju Memorial Hospital | Yamada T.,Outpatient Cancer Chemotherapy Center | Yamada T.,Kanazawa Medical University | Igarashi S.,Houju Memorial Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We report a case of a female in her 80s who was diagnosed with recurrent lung adenocarcinoma after primary surgery. She was treated with a systemic chemotherapy regimen consisting of carboplatin plus paclitaxel until the disease showed progression. On detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, we administered gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, at a dosage of 250 mg daily. After 6 months of gefitinib therapy, laboratory findings revealed elevated serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (grade 2), indicative of hepatotoxicity. Gefitinib was discontinued and erlotinib was initiated at a dosage of 50 mg daily. She continued the therapy for 3 years, during which her disease stabilized without any further complications or hepatotoxicity. Thus, low-dose erlotinib may be effective and well tolerated by patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutations who are intolerant to gefitinib.

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