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Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

Bordon E.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Lara P.C.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | And 8 more authors.
Radiation Oncology | Year: 2010

Head and neck cancer is treated mainly by surgery and radiotherapy. Normal tissue toxicity due to x-ray exposure is a limiting factor for treatment success. Many efforts have been employed to develop predictive tests applied to clinical practice. Determination of lymphocyte radio-sensitivity by radio-induced apoptosis arises as a possible method to predict tissue toxicity due to radiotherapy. The aim of the present study was to analyze radio-induced apoptosis of peripheral blood lymphocytes in head and neck cancer patients and to explore their role in predicting radiation induced toxicity. Seventy nine consecutive patients suffering from head and neck cancer, diagnosed and treated in our institution, were included in the study. Toxicity was evaluated using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group scale. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated and irradiated at 0, 1, 2 and 8 Gy during 24 hours. Apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry using annexin V/propidium iodide. Lymphocytes were marked with CD45 APC-conjugated monoclonal antibody. Radiation-induced apoptosis increased in order to radiation dose and fitted to a semi logarithmic model defined by two constants: α and β. α, as the origin of the curve in the Y axis determining the percentage of spontaneous cell death, and β, as the slope of the curve determining the percentage of cell death induced at a determined radiation dose, were obtained. β value was statistically associated to normal tissue toxicity in terms of severe xerostomia, as higher levels of apoptosis were observed in patients with low toxicity (p = 0.035; Exp(B) 0.224, I.C.95% (0.060-0.904)). These data agree with our previous results and suggest that it is possible to estimate the radiosensitivity of peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients determining the radiation induced apoptosis with annexin V/propidium iodide staining. β values observed define an individual radiosensitivity profile that could predict late toxicity due to radiotherapy in locally advanced head and neck cancer patients. Anyhow, prospective studies with different cancer types and higher number of patients are needed to validate these results.© 2010 Bordón et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Rodriguez-Gonzalez F.G.,Erasmus Medical Center | Rodriguez-Gonzalez F.G.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | Rodriguez-Gonzalez F.G.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Sieuwerts A.M.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 7 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules that modulate gene expression and which have been implicated in cancer. We evaluated whether five candidate predictive miRNAs, derived from a pilot study in which 249 miRNAs were assayed, were associated with clinical benefit of tamoxifen therapy in advanced breast cancer. These five miRNAs were measured in an independent series of 246 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive primary breast tumors of patients who received tamoxifen for advanced disease by quantitative Real Time PCR. Univariate analysis showed that higher expression levels of hsa-miR-30a-3p, hsa-miR-30c, and hsa-miR-182 were significantly associated with benefit of tamoxifen treatment and with longer PFS (all P-values <0.01). In multivariate analysis, corrected for the traditional predictive factors, only hsa-miRNA-30c was an independent predictor (P-value <0.01). Finally, in an attempt to understand the biology connected to this miRNA, Global testing pathway analysis showed an association of hsa-miRNA-30c expression with HER and RAC1 signaling pathways. We identified hsa-miRNA-30c as an independent predictor for clinical benefit of tamoxifen therapy in patients with advanced breast cancer. Assessment of tumor levels and connected pathways could be helpful to improve treatment strategies. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Gonzalez-Hernandez A.,Hospital Universitario Ntra Sra Of Candelaria | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,Hospital Universitario Of Gran Canaria Dr Negrin | And 11 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Markers | Year: 2012

Background: The sequences of many human genes that encode proteins involved in cancer contain polymorphic microsatellites. Variations in microsatellite length may constitute risk factors in several human diseases, a possibility that has been little explored in breast cancer. Among the genes that contain polymorphic microsatellites are EGFR, NOTCH4 and E2F4. The length of some of these microsatellites has been associated with breast cancer risk. Purpose and methods: To determine whether the length of the microsatellites (CA)n in EGFR, (CTG)n in NOTCH4 and (AGC)n in E2F4 was associated with breast cancer risk, we genotyped these 3 microsatellites in 212 women with breast cancer and a control group of 308 women from the general population who did not have this disease. Results and conclusions: The allelic distribution observed for the 3 microsatellites matched that found in other white populations, with the exception of some (AGC)n alleles in E2F4, which have not been described previously. The length of (CA)n in EGFR and (CTG)n in NOTCH4 was not associated with breast cancer (OR=0.99; 95% CI 0.59-1.37; p=0.619 and OR=1.08; 95% CI 0.71-1.65; p=0.725, respectively). Short alleles (<13 repeats) of (AGC)n in E2F4 were less frequent in women with cancer than in the control sample. © 2012 Wichtig Editore. Source


Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Henriquez-Hernandez L.A.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | Perez L.F.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Perez L.F.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research ICIC | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2010

Purpose: The distribution of TSER (TYMS), C677T (MTHFR), Arg72Pro (p53) and C3435T (MDR1) gene polymorphisms was investigated in 80 consecutive breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Results: Observed allelic frequencies were: TSER, (2) 0.55 and (3) 0.45; MTHFR C677T, (C) 0.65 and (T) 0.35; p53 Arg72Pro, (Arg) 0.76 and (Pro) 0.24; MDR1 C3435T, (C) 0.51 and (T) 0.49. MTHFR C677T was found to be a strong predictor of the presence of multifocal tumour (odds ratio, 4.1; 95% CI, 1.1-15.7; P=0.035). Conclusion: Our data indicate that breast cancer patients with the C/C variant may present multifocal tumour most frequently. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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