Chuan Y.-C.,Karolinska Institutet |
Chuan Y.-C.,Copenhagen University |
Iglesias-Gato D.,Karolinska Institutet |
Fernandez-Perez L.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria |
And 6 more authors.
Oncogene | Year: 2010
The forced overexpression of c-Myc in mouse prostate and in normal human prostate epithelial cells results in tumor transformation with an invasive phenotype. How c-Myc regulates cell invasion is poorly understood. In this study, we have investigated the interplay of c-Myc and androgens in the regulation of prostate cancer cell invasion. We found that c-Myc induces cell invasion and anchorage-independent growth by regulating ezrin protein expression in the presence of androgens. The activity of the ezrin promoter is controlled by androgens through c-Myc, which binds to a phylogenetically conserved E-Box located in the proximal promoter region. Besides, we also show that ezrin is an important regulator of c-Myc protein levels. These effects are achieved through androgen-induced changes in ezrin phosphorylation, which results in the regulation of downstream signals. These downstream signals involve the modulation of Akt and GSK-3Β activity resulting in increased c-Myc protein synthesis and inhibition of its degradation. In summary, we have shown a key role for ezrin as a mediator of c-Myc-induced tumorigenesis in prostate cancer cells. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
Bilbao C.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research |
Bilbao C.,Hospital Universitario Of Gran Canaria Dr Negrin |
Lara P.C.,Canary Institute for Cancer Research |
Lara P.C.,Hospital Universitario Of Gran Canaria Dr Negrin |
And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2010
Purpose: To elucidate whether microsatellite instability (MSI) predicts clinical outcome in radiation-treated endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). Methods and Materials: A consecutive series of 93 patients with EEC treated with extrafascial hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy was studied. The median clinical follow-up of patients was 138 months, with a maximum of 232 months. Five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide markers (BAT-25, BAT-26, NR21, NR24, and NR27) were used for MSI classification. Results: Twenty-five patients (22%) were classified as MSI. Both in the whole series and in early stages (I and II), univariate analysis showed a significant association between MSI and poorer 10-year local disease-free survival, disease-free survival, and cancer-specific survival. In multivariate analysis, MSI was excluded from the final regression model in the whole series, but in early stages MSI provided additional significant predictive information independent of traditional prognostic and predictive factors (age, stage, grade, and vascular invasion) for disease-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 3.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-10.49; p = 0.048) and cancer-specific survival (HR 4.20, 95% CI 1.23-14.35; p = 0.022) and was marginally significant for local disease-free survival (HR 3.54, 95% CI 0.93-13.46; p = 0.064). Conclusions: These results suggest that MSI may predict radiotherapy response in early-stage EEC. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.