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Sinclair B.J.,Canadian National Collection of Insects and Canadian Food Inspection Agency | Brooks S.E.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Cumming J.M.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada
Insect Systematics and Evolution | Year: 2013

The male terminalia character system in Diptera is reviewed. The phylogenetic implications of apomorphic changes are traced on published cladograms. New synapomorphies include: anteroventral parameral apodeme for the Tipulomorpha; parameral sheath encompassing desclerotized aedeagus for Neodiptera (exclusive of Axymyiidae); endoaedeagus for Xylophagomorpha+Tabanomorpha. Apystomyiidae are classified as the sister group to the Eremoneura based on four synapomorphies (lateral ejaculatory processes absent, subepandrial sclerite extending from base of hypoproct to phallus, bacilliform sclerites extending to tips of the epandrium and surstyli functionally developed, but not articulated) and lack of eremoneuran synapomorphies (i.e., loss of gonostyli, presence of postgonites and phallic plate). The Diptera sperm pump with a functional ejaculatory apodeme is a possible autapomorphy of Diptera, exclusive of Nymphomyiidae and Deuterophlebiidae. Internal details of the male terminalia of Sylvicola and Mycetobia (Anisopodidae), Hilarimorpha (Hilarimorphidae) and Apystomyia (Apystomyiidae) are newly illustrated and homologies of the aedeagus, paramere and sperm pump of the Tipuloidea are clarified. © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2013. Source

Tantawi T.I.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Sinclair B.J.,Canadian National Collection of Insects and Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

Seven species of Calliphoridae are reported from the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: Lucilia pionia (Walker), L. setosa (James), L. deceptor (Curran), L. eximia (Wiedemann), Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius), Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann), and Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius). Lucilia eximia is newly recorded from the islands. Lucilia sp. near pionia is recorded from the island of Española. The distribution and collection records of these species are discussed and listed, and a key to their identification is provided. Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) is reported for the first time from mainland Ecuador and the identification of this species is outlined. Copyright © 2013 Magnolia Press. Source

Yee W.L.,Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory | Hernandez-Ortiz V.,Institute Ecologia AC | Rull J.,Institute Ecologia AC | Sinclair B.J.,Canadian National Collection of Insects and Canadian Food Inspection Agency | Neven L.G.,Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory
Journal of Economic Entomology | Year: 2014

The North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) is an organization comprising plant protection regulatory officials of the three signatory countries: the United States, Canada, and México. NAPPO develops Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPMs) as well as discussion papers on important issues related to plant protection. The Fruit Panel of NAPPO organized a Technical Assistance Group (TAG) to develop a discussion paper on the status of pest species of Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae) within the NAPPO countries. As regulations are developed to prevent the spread of these pests both within and outside of the NAPPO countries, it was important to understand the pest status of these species. This article reviews the basic biology, host range, distribution, potential to spread, management, and regulatory status of pest species of Rhagoletis within the NAPPO countries. © 2014 Entomological Society of America. Source

Sinclair B.J.,Canadian National Collection of Insects and Canadian Food Inspection Agency | Shamshev I.V.,All Russian Institute of Plant Protection
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

Nineteen species are recognized in the Iteaphila macquarti group, including ten new species (I. bulbosa Sinclair sp. nov. (British Columbia, Canada), I. californica Sinclair sp. nov. (Baja California, Mexico), I. chvalai Shamshev sp. nov. (Kazakhstan), I. cirrata Shamshev sp. nov. (British Columbia, Canada), I. falcata Sinclair sp. nov. (British Columbia, Canada), I. furcata (Zetterstedt), I. macquarti Zetterstedt, I. napaea Melander, I. nepalensis Shamshev sp. nov. (Nepal), I. nitidula Zetterstedt, I. orchestris Melander, I. pumila Sinclair sp. nov. (Alaska, USA), I. rasnitsyni Shamshev sp. nov. (south Primorsk Territory, Russia), I. saigusai Shamshev sp. nov. (Nagano, Japan), I. sicamous Sinclair sp. nov. (British Columbia, Canada), I. taiwanensis Shamshev sp. nov. (Taiwan), I. testacea Melander, I. triangula (Coquillett), I. vetula Melander). Iteaphila maackii Loew is considered a nomen dubium due to loss of holotype. Empis luctosa Kirby is considered also a nomen dubium and proposed as a doubtful species of Iteaphila. The following new synonyms are proposed: (Empis cormus Walker, I. cana Melander, I. fulginosa Melander) = I. macquarti; (Hilara carbonella Zetterstedt, Empis conjuncta Coquillett) = I. nitidula. Lectotypes are designated for I. furcata, I. cana, I. carbonella (Zetterstedt), I. conjuncta, I. orchestris, I. testacea and I. triangula. The male of I. testacea is described for the first time, keys to Palearctic and Nearctic faunas are provided, and species are sorted into five monophyletic subgroups. The distributions of all species are mapped and five Holarctic species are identified (I. cirrata, I. macquarti, I. nitidula, I. orchestris, I. pumila). Iteaphila is recorded for the first time from the Oriental Region. Feeding habits for adult Iteaphila are summarized and reviewed, and the genus appears to be exclusively anthophilous (pollen feeding) and never predaceous. © 2012 Magnolia Press. Source

Ivkovic M.,University of Zagreb | Zamora-Munoz C.,University of Granada | Sainz-Bariain M.,University of Granada | Sinclair B.J.,Canadian National Collection of Insects and Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

In total 24 species of aquatic Empididae (Clinocerinae and Hemerodromiinae) are known from the Sierra Nevada Mountains of Spain, including five new species (Hemerodromia planti Ivkovic & Sinclair sp. nov., Kowarzia nevadensis Sinclair & Ivkovic sp. nov., Wiedemannia darioi Sinclair & Ivkovic sp. nov., W. horvati Ivkovic & Sinclair sp. nov. and W. vedranae Ivkovic & Sinclair sp. nov.). The new species are described, illustrated and distribution of all species listed. Wiedemannia (Philolutra) angelieri Vaillant and W. (Roederella) ouedorum Vaillant are newly recorded in Sierra Nevada and nine species are endemic to this region. A key to all 24 species of aquatic empidids is presented. Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press. Source

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