Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide

Sevilla, Spain

Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide

Sevilla, Spain
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Garrido-Fernandez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Montano A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Sanchez-Gomez A.H.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Cortes-Delgado A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Lopez-Lopez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
Talanta | Year: 2017

The work presents the application of compositional data methodology to analytical results, taking as an example the study of the volatile profiles of green Spanish-style table olives according to cultivars and production areas. For this purpose, the volatile compounds (analysed by GC-MS and expressed as percentages of the total area) were considered as a compositional data set in the Simplex space and, as a result, analysed by their specific new statistical tools. Application of compositional exploratory tools (variation array, tertiary graphs, biplots, or coda-dendrogram) allowed differentiating cultivars and production areas based on their volatile profiles. Also, the application of Cluster and Principal Component analysis to the ilr transformed values (coordinates), following the new methodology, led to more realistic results than the formally incorrect implementation of the standard multivariate analysis (developed for data from the Euclidean space) to percentages (data in the Simplex). Therefore, the work presents a novel consideration of the volatile profiles of table olives as compositional data and shows their proper analysis by statistical tools specifically developed for them. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Cayuela J.A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Garcia J.F.,University of Seville
Journal of Food Engineering | Year: 2017

Olive oil is an important vitamin E source, which shows a wide variation range. Therefore the interest on distinguish classes. In this study, we assessed models based on partial least squares (PLS) and discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Estimating the α-tocopherol and total tocopherols contents by using the PLS models were suitable according to the predicting exercises, which gave residual predictive deviations 2.37 and 2.01. Sorting test of olive oil in two classes by α-tocopherol with the PLS model provided 99.9% success. The PLS-DA assessment for the same purpose gave coefficients of predictive specificity and sensitivity for the high α-tocopherol class 0.96 and 0.84, respectively. The data proves the feasibility of estimating the olive oil α-tocopherol or total tocopherols contents by using NIRS. Besides, these techniques can be helpful rapid methods in the industry for sorting olive oils according to their vitamin E content. They are friendly to the environment, which is important. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Lucena-Padros H.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Jimenez E.,Complutense University of Madrid | Jimenez E.,ProbiSearch S.L. | Maldonado-Barragan A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Food Microbiology | Year: 2015

The bacterial ecology associated to Spanish-style green olive fermentations has been studied, attending to its dynamics along the time and its distribution, by a culture-independent approach based on PCR-DGGE. Forty-three 10-tonne fermenters were selected from the fermentation yards (patios) of two large table-olive manufacturing companies in southern Spain. The fermenting brines of 20 of these fermenters were previously analyzed through culture-dependent methods, allowing comparisons of both methodologies. A statistical analysis of DGGE banding profiles obtained using bacteria universal primers demonstrated significant evidences of discrimination of bacterial communities by location (patio) and fermentation stage. Specific microbial "fingerprints" could be established for these variables. At least 17 bacterial species were detected, most of them previously isolated from the same fermenters. Most of these species belonged to the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) group. Dominance of species within the Lactobacillus plantarum group was confirmed. Marinilactibacillus sp. and Propionibacterium olivae, which were not isolated in the previous culture-dependent study, were detected. Alkalibacterium sp. and Halolactibacillus sp. were detected for the first time in table olive fermentations. Using Lactobacillus-group specific primers, significant clustering within the DGGE banding profiles was observed, allowing discrimination regarding the actual fermentation stage. These results corroborated the previous culture-dependent study, and added the detection of Alkalibacterium sp. and Pediococcus acidilactici. The species Alkalibacterium sp., Marinilactibacillus sp. and Halolactibacillus sp. are characterized by their ability to carry out lactic acid fermentation under alkaline conditions and thus ascribed within the halophilic and alkaliphilic lactic acid bacteria (HALAB). Their ubiquitous presence suggests that they could play an important role in Spanish-style olive fermentations, especially at the initial fermentation stage. Thus, they could contribute to brine conditioning before L. plantarum group-driven lactic acid fermentation takes place. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Romero-Gil V.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Garcia-Garcia P.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Garrido-Fernandez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Arroyo-Lopez F.N.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
Food Microbiology | Year: 2016

In the present study, a dose-response model was used to investigate the susceptibility (NIC) and resistance (MIC) of the lactic acid bacteria and yeast populations with respect to five chemical preservatives (fumaric and pyruvic acids, cinnamaldehyde, sodium metabisulphite and natamycin) with potential application in table olives. Results were compared with respect to potassium sorbate, a well-known preservative habitually used in olive packaging. Sodium metabisulphite was the most efficient preservative to control lactic acid bacteria growth (MIC, 50 ppm), followed by cinnamaldehyde (1060 ppm) while pyruvic acid required higher concentrations (3211 ppm). Natamycin (25 ppm) was highly efficient against yeasts, followed by cinnamaldehyde (125 ppm), potassium sorbate (553 ppm), sodium metabisulphite (772 ppm) and pyruvic acid (3038 ppm). Fumaric acid, in the range assayed (0-2000 ppm), did not show any inhibitory effect against these two microbial groups. This survey presents for the first time a comparative study of the efficiency of potential preservatives to control the growth of table olive related microorganisms. Further studies should be performed to validate their effects and interactions in the food matrix. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Lucena-Padros H.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Ruiz-Barba J.L.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
Food Microbiology | Year: 2016

The presence and enumeration of halophilic and alkaliphilic bacteria in Spanish-style table-olive fermentations was studied. Twenty 10-tonne fermenters at two large manufacturing companies in Spain, previously studied through both culture dependent and independent (PCR-DGGE) methodologies, were selected. Virtually all this microbiota was isolated during the initial fermentation stage. A total of 203 isolates were obtained and identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. They belonged to 13 bacterial species, included in 11 genera. It was noticeable the abundance of halophilic and alkaliphilic lactic acid bacteria (HALAB). These HALAB belonged to the three genera of this group: Alkalibacterium, Marinilactibacillus and Halolactibacillus. Ten bacterial species were isolated for the first time from table olive fermentations, including the genera Amphibacillus, Natronobacillus, Catenococcus and Streptohalobacillus. The isolates were genotyped through RAPD and clustered in a dendrogram where 65 distinct strains were identified. Biodiversity indexes found statistically significant differences between both patios regarding genotype richness, diversity and dominance. However, Jaccard similarity index suggested that the halophilic/alkaliphilic microbiota in both patios was more similar than the overall microbiota at the initial fermentation stage. Thus, up to 7 genotypes of 6 different species were shared, suggesting adaptation of some strains to this fermentation stage. Morisita-Horn similarity index indicated a high level of codominance of the same species in both patios. Halophilic and alkaliphilic bacteria, especially HALAB, appeared to be part of the characteristic microbiota at the initial stage of this table-olive fermentation, and they could contribute to the conditioning of the fermenting brines in readiness for growth of common lactic acid bacteria. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Lourenco A.B.,Pablo De Olavide University | Munoz-Jimenez C.,Pablo De Olavide University | Venegas-Caleron M.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Artal-Sanz M.,Pablo De Olavide University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics | Year: 2015

The mitochondrial prohibitin complex, composed of two proteins, PHB-1 and PHB-2, is a context-dependent modulator of longevity. Specifically, prohibitin deficiency shortens the lifespan of otherwise wild type worms, while it dramatically extends the lifespan under compromised metabolic conditions. This extremely intriguingly phenotype has been linked to alterations in mitochondrial function and in fat metabolism. However, the true function of the mitochondrial prohibitin complex remains elusive. Here, we used gas chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and 1H NMR spectroscopy to gain molecular insights into the effect of prohibitin depletion on the Caenorhabditis elegans metabolome. We analysed the effect of prohibitin deficiency in two different developmental stages and under two different conditions, which result in opposing longevity phenotypes, namely wild type worms and daf-2(e1370) insulin signalling deficient mutants. Prohibitin depletion was shown to alter the fatty acid (GC/FID) and 1H NMR metabolic profiles of wild type animals both at the fourth larval stage of development (L4) and at the young adult (YA) stage, while being more pronounced at the later stage. Furthermore, wild type and the diapause mutant daf-2(e1370), either expressing or not prohibitin, were clearly distinguishable based on their metabolic profiles, revealing changes in fatty acid composition, as well as in carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism. Moreover, the metabolic data indicate that daf-2(e1370) mutants are more robust than the wild type animals to changes induced by prohibitin depletion. The impact of prohibitin depletion on the C. elegans metabolome will be discussed herein in the scope of its effect on longevity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Aging. Guest Editor: Aleksandra Trifunovic © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Raposo F.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2016

The analytical calibration of an instrumental method is very important, being considered as a key point in method validation. There are different validation guidelines; showing that analytical calibration process variety prevails in terms of nomenclature, methodology employed and acceptance criteria. Very common mistakes in the analytical calibration process are the use of correlation and/or determination coefficients as a test for linearity, the negligence in the heteroscedasticity of the experimental data and selection of appropriate weighting factor, misunderstanding about the regression through the origin and using zero-point calibration. Once the calibration function is established, their linearity can be confirmed by using different procedures such as graphical plots, statistical significance tests and numerical parameters. In particular, deviation from back-calculated concentrations expressed in the form of percentage of relative error (%RE) can be considered very useful for unambiguous linearity evaluation. Some case studies were included to explain the linearity assessment from a practical viewpoint. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Lopez-Lopez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Cortes-Delgado A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Garrido-Fernandez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

This work studies the effect of processing Manzanilla and Hojiblanca olives as green Spanish-style on the quality parameters and fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions of their oils. Lye treatment reduced the values of most quality parameters while fermentation/packaging increased acidity, K232 and K270. Processing did not cause any systematic effect on fatty acids (FA), triacylglycerols or nutritional fat subclasses but significant differences between cultivars were observed. Principal component analysis (PCA) confirmed that most of the variation among oil characteristics was due to cultivars and only a limited proportion (∼22% and ∼14% variance for FA and triacylglycerols, respectively) to processing. Furthermore, the levels of the quality parameters and fatty acids with restrictions in the legislation were below the limits established in the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 1348/2013 for extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), except for C18:3n-3 in Hojiblanca. Therefore, the fat of processed olives was compatible with EVOO. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Lucena-Padros H.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Gonzalez J.M.,Institute Recursos Naturales y Agrobiologia | Caballero-Guerrero B.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Ruiz-Barba J.L.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Maldonado-Barragan A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2015

Three isolates originating from Spanish-style green-olive fermentations in a manufacturing company in the province of Seville, Spain, were taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. This included a phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on pyrH, recA, rpoA, gyrB and mreB genes. The isolates shared 98.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Vibrio xiamenensis G21T. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences using the neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood methods showed that the isolates fell within the genus Vibrio and formed an independent branch close to V. xiamenensis G21T. The maximum-parsimony method grouped the isolates to V. xiamenensis G21T but forming two clearly separated branches. Phylogenetic trees based on individual pyrH, recA, rpoA, gyrB and mreB gene sequences revealed that strain IGJ1.11T formed a clade alone or with V. xiamenensis G21T. Sequence similarities of the pyrH, recA, rpoA, gyrB and mreB genes between strain IGJ1.11T and V. xiamenensis G21T were 86.7, 85.7, 97.3, 87.6 and 84.8 %, respectively. MLSA of concatenated sequences showed that strain IGJ1.11T and V. xiamenensis G21T are two clearly separated species that form a clade, which we named Clade Xiamenensis, that presented 89.7% concatenated gene sequence similarity, i.e. less than 92 %. The major cellular fatty acids (>5%) of strain IGJ1.11T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). Enzymic activity profiles, sugar fermentation patterns and DNA G+C content (52.9 mol%) differentiated the novel strains from the closest related members of the genus Vibrio. The name Vibrio olivae sp. nov. is proposed for the novel species. The type strain is IGJ1.11T (=CECT 8064T=DSM 25438T). © 2015, IUMS.

Romero-Gil V.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Rejano-Zapata L.,AgroSevilla SCA | Garrido-Fernandez A.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide | Arroyo-Lopez F.N.,Campus Universitario Pablo Of Olavide
Food Microbiology | Year: 2016

This study uses a mathematical approach to assessing the inhibitory effect of Zn2 +(0-10 mM, obtained from ZnCl2 and ZnSO4) in presence of NaCl (0-8%) and hydroxytyrosol (0-2588 mg/L), on a yeast cocktail formed by species Pichia galeiformis, Pichia kudriavzevii, Pichia manshurica and Candida thaimueangensis obtained from spoilt green olive packages. The logistic/probabilistic models were built in laboratory medium using a total of 1980 responses (1188 for NaCl and 792 for hydroxytyrosol). ZnCl2 showed significantly higher inhibitory effect than ZnSO4 in the presence of both NaCl (p < 0.033) and hydroxytyrosol (p < 0.009). NaCl did not interfere the effect of Zn2 +while hydroxytyrosol, at high levels, had a slight antagonistic effect. According to models, Zn2 +inhibits (p = 0.01) the yeast cocktail in the range 4.5-5.0 mM for ZnCl2, or 8.5-9.5 mM for ZnSO4. Therefore, this work confirms the fungicidal activity of zinc compounds (mainly ZnCl2) in synthetic medium, and also shows that the loss of zinc effectiveness in real green Spanish-style olive packaging is not due to the presence of NaCl or hydroxytyrosol, two of the most abundant chemical compounds in the product. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

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