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Souza V.C.,Catholic University of Brasilia | Souza V.C.,University of Brasilia | Freitas W.M.,University of Brasilia | Freitas W.M.,Institute Cardiologia Biocardios | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2013

Recent evidence suggests that changes in plasma levels of osteopontin (OPN) may be a promising marker for early diagnosis of bone disorders. We hypothesized that a frequent OPN gene polymorphism may be useful for identifying very old individuals with alterations in plasma OPN levels and consequently at risk of abnormal bone density scores. Men and women (80 years or older) living in the Brazilian Federal District underwent assessments with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral neck, femoral head and lumbosacral (L1 to S5) regions. Clinical inspection was performed to assess other physical traits and to exclude co-morbidities (cardiovascular, autoimmunity, infections or neoplastic diseases). Serum concentrations of OPN were determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, whereas the A7385G polymorphism (rs1126772) was determined by direct sequencing of a polymerase chain reaction product. Among the two hundred and ten subjects enrolled, no differential scores for bone mineral density could be observed across genotypes, but a greater content of circulating OPN was found among carriers of the A allele (P ≤ 0.05) even after adjustments. Serum OPN levels were negatively correlated with femoral neck density (P = 0.050 for BMD; P = 0.032 for T scores) but not with scores of the other regions investigated. Analyses with the sample dichotomized to age and body mass revealed that this inverse relationship was noticeable only among those aged within the highest and weighing within the lowest intervals. Our findings indicate elevated circulating osteopontin levels in patients with decreased bone mineral density, consistent with a modest contribution of an OPN allelic variation to its expression. Assessing the clinical relevance of our findings demands forthcoming studies. © 2013 The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan. Source

Moraes C.F.,Campus Universitario Darcy Ribeiro Asa Norte | Moraes C.F.,Catholic University of Brasilia | Benedet A.L.,Campus Universitario Darcy Ribeiro Asa Norte | Lins T.C.,University of Brasilia | And 6 more authors.
NeuroImmunoModulation | Year: 2013

Background: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding immunological mediators can affect the biological activity of these molecules by regulating transcription, translation, or secretion, modulating the genetic risk of inflammatory damage in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nonetheless, the Brazilian contingent is highly admixed, and few association trials performed herein with AD patients have considered genetic ancestry estimates as co-variables when investigating markers for this complex trait. Methods: We analyzed polymorphisms in 10 inflammatory genes and compared the genotype distribution across outpatients with late-onset AD and noncognitively impaired subjects from Midwest Brazil under a strict criterion, and controlling for ancestry heritage and ApoE genotype. Results: Our findings show an almost 40% lower chance of AD (p = 0.004) among homozygotes of the IL10 -1082A allele (rs1800896). Dichotomization to ApoE and mean ancestry levels did not affect protection, except among those with greater European or minor African heritage. Conclusion: The IL10 locus seems to affect the onset of AD in a context sensitive to the genetic ancestry of Brazilian older adults. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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