Campo Experimental Santa Monica

Brazil

Campo Experimental Santa Monica

Brazil
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Vega W.H.O.,Laboratorio Of Reproducao E Melhoramento Genetico Animal | Quirino C.R.,Laboratorio Of Reproducao E Melhoramento Genetico Animal | Serapiao R.V.,Campo Experimental Santa Monica | Oliveira C.S.,Campo Experimental Santa Monica | Pacheco A.,Laboratorio Of Reproducao E Melhoramento Genetico Animal
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

The growth of the Gyr breed in Brazil in terms of genetic gain for milk, along with conditions for market, has led to the use of ovum pick-up in vitro production (OPU-IVP) as a leader in biotechnology for the multiplication of genetic material. The aim of this study was to investigate phenotypic correlations between OPU-IVP-linked characteristics and pregnancy rates registered in an embryo transfer program using Gyr cows as oocyte donors. Data collected from 211 OPU sessions and 298 embryo transfers during the years 2012 and 2013 were analyzed and statistical analysis was performed. Estimates of simple Pearson correlations were calculated for NVcoc and PVcoc (number and proportion of viable cumulus-oocyte complexes, respectively); NcleavD4 and PcleavD4 (number and proportion of cleaved embryos on day 4 of culture, respectively); NTembD7 and PTembD7 (number and proportion of transferable embryos on day 7 of culture, respectively); NPrD30 and PPrD30 (number and proportionof pregnancies 30 days after transfer, respectively); and NPrD60 and PPrD60 (number and proportion of pregnancies 60 days after transfer, respectively). Moderate to moderately high correlations were found for all numerical characteristics, suggesting these as the most suitable parameters for selection of oocyte donors in Gyr programs. NVcoc is proposed as a selection trait due to positive correlations with percentage traits and pregnancy rates 30 and 60 days after transfer. © 2015, FUNPEC-RP.


PubMed | Campo Experimental Santa Monica and Laboratorio Of Reproducao E Melhoramento Genetico Animal
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2015

The growth of the Gyr breed in Brazil in terms of genetic gain for milk, along with conditions for market, has led to the use of ovum pick-up in vitro production (OPU-IVP) as a leader in biotechnology for the multiplication of genetic material. The aim of this study was to investigate phenotypic correlations between OPU-IVP-linked characteristics and pregnancy rates registered in an embryo transfer program using Gyr cows as oocyte donors. Data collected from 211 OPU sessions and 298 embryo transfers during the years 2012 and 2013 were analyzed and statistical analysis was performed. Estimates of simple Pearson correlations were calculated for NVcoc and PVcoc (number and proportion of viable cumulus-oocyte complexes, respectively); NcleavD4 and PcleavD4 (number and proportion of cleaved embryos on day 4 of culture, respectively); NTembD7 and PTembD7 (number and proportion of transferable embryos on day 7 of culture, respectively); NPrD30 and PPrD30 (number and proportion of pregnancies 30 days after transfer, respectively); and NPrD60 and PPrD60 (number and proportion of pregnancies 60 days after transfer, respectively). Moderate to moderately high correlations were found for all numerical characteristics, suggesting these as the most suitable parameters for selection of oocyte donors in Gyr programs. NVcoc is proposed as a selection trait due to positive correlations with percentage traits and pregnancy rates 30 and 60 days after transfer.


Ortiz W.H.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Quirino C.R.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Silva A.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Oliveira C.S.,Campo Experimental Santa Monica | And 3 more authors.
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias | Year: 2015

Background: candidate genes and their polymorphisms have been associated with traits of economic interest in cattle, representing an important strategy for genetic improvement of complex traits. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) is a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) superfamily, which is involved with several events of embryonic, fetal, and adult development in vertebrates. Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of association between polymorphism in the BMP4 gene (guanine for thymine- G>T, SNP rs109778173) and the performance of Gyr oocyte donors, including the rate of cumulus-oophorus complex obtained in each session of follicular aspiration (OPU), embryo development, and pregnancy rates. Methods: DNA was extracted from hair follicles from 50 oocyte donors and genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Data from 212 OPU-IVP sessions was collected, and the following traits were associated with BMP4 polymorphism (SNP rs109778173): number and ratio of viable cumulus-oophorus complexes; number of cleaved embryos at day 4 of culture; number of transferable embryos at day 7 of culture, and pregnancies on days 30 and 60 after embryo transfer. Results: the studied BMP4 polymorphism was significantly associated (p<0.01) with the number and ratio of viable cumulus-oocyte complexes, and the ratio of pregnancies at 30 days. Conclusion: the GT genotype (SNP rs109778173) was associated with inferior performance regarding OPU-IVP traits. This finding suggests possible genetic effects of BMP4 on performance of Gyr oocyte donors. Studies are needed on the BMP4 gene regarding subsequent changes in embryonic development of said mutation. © 2015, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights Reserved.

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