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Sakākā, Saudi Arabia

Saleh S.K.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,Camel and Range Research Center
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture

A total of 120 quarter milk samples from 30 clinically healthy dromedary camel from Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia were cultured to detect subclinical udder infection. The milk samples were screened by somatic cell count (SCC) and California mastitis test (CMT). Gram-positive cocci were the dominant recovered udder pathogen. The mean value of SCC was 125,000 cells/mm 3. Infected quarter had generally higher mean values for SCC and CMT scores. Both SCC and CMT were of value in predicting the infection status of the udder. Source

Faye B.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Faye B.,Camel and Range Research Center | Konuspayeva G.,Camel and Range Research Center | Konuspayeva G.,Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
International Dairy Journal

Globally, 16.9% of milk consumed by humans comes from species other than cattle. Non-cattle milk is linked more to territories than cows' milk: sheep in the Mediterranean basin, horse in Central Asia, yak in Himalayas, camel in desert regions. These links contribute to the building of dairy ecosystems including specific dairy species, traditional products, farmer know-how, landscape maintenance, cultural activities, market sector and identity markers. According to the variability of milk composition, nutritional and medicinal properties (true or postulated) could be potentially an important added value for producers and dairy sector. Most of non-cattle milk production occurs in emerging or developing countries where population growth and protein demand are increasing. It is not necessary to adapt the western model for intensive dairy production (Holstein-soya-silage) - non-cattle dairy systems, whether intensive or not, appear to be a sustainable alternative to meet the increasing demand both in terms of quantity and quality. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Abdallah H.R.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture

In order to identify homogeneous groups of camels according to their conformation, 212 camels (155 females and 57 males) from 9 regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and belonging to 12 different camel breed or types were measured. The body measurements included the length of the head, of the neck, of the udder and of the teat, the height at the withers, and the circumference of the neck, of the thigh and at girth. The 12 breeds were compared according to their mean body measurements and the groups with similar conformation were identified by Automatic Hierarchical Classification on Ward distance. Finally, 4 types of female camel conformation were identified: small size breed from mountains and Red Sea coast, big size camel from desert areas, and 2 breeds, Zargeh with small size but with wide chest and neck, and Asail (racing camel) with very thin neck and leg and poorly developed udder. Six groups of males are identified also but with a different distribution. This classification is close to the typology based on the ecosystem distribution of camel breeds in Saudi Arabia. Source

Athamna O.M.,Camel and Range Research Center | Bengoumi M.,FAO Sub Regional Office 43 | Faye B.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development
Tropical Animal Health and Production

In order to understand the changes in copper and selenium status in camel dam and calf around the calving period, blood samples were collected in 26 she-camel before delivery and after as well as their calves after birth. The mean values for the mother and their newborn were respectively 70.3 ± 19.8 and 58.6 ± 13.9 μg/100 ml for copper, 5.3 ± 3.7 and 4.6 ± 1.7 μg/100 ml for selenium. No change was observed for copper, but selenium increased after parturition in 81% of the case. The selenium status of camel calf was correlated with those of its mother, but not the copper. As the whole the correlation between selenium and copper was significantly positive. The selenium status was improved in camel receiving diet enriched with barley. The maternal transfer to milk has to be investigated. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Abdallah H.R.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,Camel and Range Research Center | Faye B.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture

A field survey involving 218 camel farmers from the northern, eastern and central part of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was implemented in order to collect data on the status of the owner, herd composition and characteristics, feeding practices, moving strategies and disease prevention practices. The method used was Ascending Hierarchical Clustering, a well-adapted technique in case of exploratory approach. After automatic classification analysis of four groups of variables describing the farmer, its herd, some of its practices and the disease prevention practices, a final analysis regarding the clusters of these four items, allowed to identify 4 global types of farming systems with 2 sub-types in each main type. The explaining factors allowed distinguishing camel farms linked to the desert life in opposition to urban people having multi-activity. However, the integration to market could be variable whatever the opposition desert/city. A part of the people living in desert could improve their management and some of the urban owners have camel mainly for social aspect. Source

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