Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2013.7.1 | Award Amount: 21.66M | Year: 2013
The importance of advanced simulation to the competitiveness of both large and small companies is well established. The principal objective of Fortissimo is to enable European manufacturing, particularly small to medium enterprises (SMEs), to benefit from the efficiency and competitive advantage inherent in the use of simulation. However, the simulation of, for example, high-pressure gas cylinders, the moulding of plastics or the thermodynamic properties of hazardous materials requires enormous computing power and specialised software tools and services. Generally, large companies, which have a greater pool of skills and resources, find access to advanced simulation easier than SMEs which can neither afford expensive High Performance Computing equipment nor the licensing cost for the relevant tools. This means that SMEs are not able to take advantage of advanced simulation, even though it can clearly make them more competitive. The goal of Fortissimo is to overcome this impasse through the provision of simulation services running on a cloud infrastructure making use of High Performance Computing systems also making appropriate skills and tools available in a distributed, internet-based environment.\n\nFortissimo will make advanced simulation more easily accessible, particularly to SMEs, through the realisation of a one-stop shop where hardware, expertise, applications, visualisation and tools will be easily available and affordable on a pay-per-use basis. In doing this it will create and demonstrate a sustainable commercial ecosystem where actors at all levels in the value chain can realise sufficient commercial benefit to enable that ecosystem to persist independently of EU funding and continue to provide affordable services to manufacturing industry, particularly SMEs.\n\nFortissimo will be driven by end-user requirements where (~50) business-relevant application experiments will be used to develop, test and demonstrate both the infrastructure and the one-stop pay-per-use shop. The project participants represent all actors in the value chain. Not only will Fortissimo contribute to the increased competitiveness of European manufacturing industry through the innovative infrastructure that it will develop and test, but it will create commercial opportunities for European Independent Software Vendors, as well as for service and High Performance Computing infrastructure providers, through the creation of a new market for their products and services. Fortissimo places considerable emphasis on the exploitation of opportunities at all levels of the value chain ranging from the end-user to the High Performance Computing infrastructure provider.\n\nFortissimo involves 1,132 months of effort, a total cost of 21.7m and EC funding of 16m over a duration of three years, commensurate with achieving its ambitious goals.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 11.52M | Year: 2014
The ICE-ARC project aims to understand and quantify the multiple stresses involved in the change in the Arctic marine environment. Particular focus is on the rapid retreat and collapse of the Arctic sea ice cover and to assess the climatic (ice, ocean, atmosphere and ecosystem), economic and social impacts of these stresses on regional and global scales. It is not possible to look at one aspect of this system in isolation; a coupled atmosphere/cryosphere/ocean/ecosystem approach is needed. Our observations will focus on reducing the uncertainty in understanding of Arctic physical processes which are vital in climate and ecosystem change and which may not be adequately represented in present models. Results of the observational programme will be fed into an ice-ocean-atmosphere model which, after validation, will make projections - with reduced uncertainties - of the rate and nature of future changes in the ice cover, ocean structure and atmospheric temperature and circulation. In parallel with this an ecosystems model will perform the same role for marine living resources. The resulting projections of the two models will be fed into an economic impact model (PAGE-ICE) that is specially reconfigured for cryosphere-driven impacts. This will calculate the impacts of the projected physical changes upon the global economic and social system, including those of the Arctic region itself. This will be the first time that a leading global impact model has been coupled with a physical climate model to directly assess the economic impact of observed and projected climate change events. It is being applied to the oceanic region of greatest current concern to the global community because of the speed of visible change there. The outputs of the entire project, will undoubtedly lead to more effective policy and management options for societal responses to climate change, and because of this we have an extensive dissemination and engagement programme within ICE-ARC.
Gomes P.,Cambridge Consultants
Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
This paper presents an overview of the surgical robotics field, highlighting significant milestones and grouping the various propositions into cohorts. The review does not aim to be exhaustive but rather to highlight how surgical robotics is acting as an enabling technology for minimally invasive surgery. As such, there is a focus on robotic surgical solutions which are commercially available; research efforts which have not gained regulatory approval or entered clinical use are mostly omitted. The practice of robotic surgery is currently largely dominated by the da Vinci system of Intuitive Surgical (Sunnyvale, CA, USA) but other commercial players have now entered the market with surgical robotic products or are appearing in the horizon with medium and long term propositions. Surgical robotics is currently a vibrant research topic and new research directions may lead to the development of very different robotic surgical devices in the futuresmall, special purpose, lower cost, possibly disposable robots rather than the current large, versatile and capital expensive systems. As the trend towards minimally invasive surgery (MIS) increases, surgery becomes more technically demanding for surgeons and more challenging for medical device technologists and it is clear that surgical robotics has now an established foothold in medicine as an enabling technology of MIS. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
Cooper I.,Cambridge Consultants
Building Research and Information
The Building Research & Information special issue titled 'Regenerative Design and Development' (2012, volume 40, number 1) describes the emerging theory and practices for this field. This commentary reflects on the types of argumentation that are used to promote the regenerative design approach. Predominantly the papers seek to 'win hearts and minds' by presenting regenerative design as a virtuous activity that society should do - either altruistically for the sake of the planet or more selfishly to ensure that it continues to be inhabitable for our species. The effort required by the regenerative approach as described in the papers is enormous: to remake both the nature of professional services and wider society through our work as designers and developers. While regenerative design is still in its infancy, its theoreticians and practitioners need to establish its evidence base as quickly as possible. Without clear and overwhelming evidence of its benefits, it is unlikely that regenerative design will prove any more influential for mainstream policy and practice than sustainability has over the last two decades. © 2012 Taylor & Francis. Source
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 137.49K | Year: 2015
Decision-making and planning in rapidly growing urban centres require integrated assessment tools to determine impacts on environmental exposure, health and inequalities. However, there is a lack of integrated tools with which to determine current and future health risks and to evaluate policy options. Furthermore, despite the increasing availability of data, key datasets for such tools often have limited spatial detail since environmental monitoring is limited to a few urban sites and health microdata has restricted access, and methods for linking exposure to health have not been exploited. In the context of Glasgow with its wealth of data, this project builds on the successful QCumber system with state-of-the-art research and end-user participation, to create a unique data platform: “QCumber-envHealth” for health policy and inequality related decision-making. Innovations include: incorporating new health related behaviour data; integration of crowd sourcing and monitoring, creation of accessible synthetic health data and its integration; end-user led health risk modelling and policy scenarios.