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Van Camp M.,Royal Observatory of Belgium | De Viron O.,University of La Rochelle | Avouac J.P.,Caltech Institute of Technology
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2016

We estimate the signature of the climate-induced mass transfers in repeated absolute gravity measurements based on satellite gravimetric measurements from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission. We show results at the globe scale and compare them with repeated absolute gravity (AG) time behavior in three zones where AG surveys have been published: Northwestern Europe, Canada, and Tibet. For 10 yearly campaigns, the uncertainties affecting the determination of a linear gravity rate of change range 3-4 nm/s2/a in most cases, in the absence of instrumental artifacts. The results are consistent with what is observed for long-term repeated campaigns. We also discuss the possible artifact that can result from using short AG survey to determine the tectonic effects in a zone of high hydrological variability. We call into question the tectonic interpretation of several gravity changes reported from stations in Tibet, in particular the variation observed prior to the 2015 Gorkha earthquake. © 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.


Avouac J.-P.,Caltech Institute of Technology | Ayoub F.,Caltech Institute of Technology | Wei S.,Caltech Institute of Technology | Ampuero J.-P.,Caltech Institute of Technology | And 7 more authors.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters | Year: 2014

We analyse the Mw 7.7 Balochistan earthquake of 09/24/2013 based on ground surface deformation measured from sub-pixel correlation of Landsat-8 images, combined with back-projection and finite source modeling of teleseismic waveforms. The earthquake nucleated south of the Chaman strike-slip fault and propagated southwestward along the Hoshab fault at the front of the Kech Band. The rupture was mostly unilateral, propagated at 3 km/s on average and produced a 200 km surface fault trace with purely strike-slip displacement peaking to 10 m and averaging around 6 m. The finite source model shows that slip was maximum near the surface. Although the Hoshab fault is dipping by 45° to the North, in accordance with its origin as a thrust fault within the Makran accretionary prism, slip was nearly purely strike-slip during that earthquake. Large seismic slip on such a non-optimally oriented fault was enhanced possibly due to the influence of the free surface on dynamic stresses or to particular properties of the fault zone allowing for strong dynamic weakening. Strike-slip faulting on thrust fault within the eastern Makran is interpreted as due to eastward extrusion of the accretionary prism as it bulges out over the Indian plate. Portions of the Makran megathrust, some thrust faults in the Kirthar range and strike-slip faults within the Chaman fault system have been brought closer to failure by this earthquake. Aftershocks cluster within the Chaman fault system north of the epicenter, opposite to the direction of rupture propagation. By contrast, few aftershocks were detected in the area of maximum moment release. In this example, aftershocks cannot be used to infer earthquake characteristics. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Kaviani K.,Rambus | Hossain M.,Rambus | Nazari M.H.,Caltech Institute of Technology | Heaton F.,Rambus | And 2 more authors.
Proceedings of the Custom Integrated Circuits Conference | Year: 2012

A new 1-tap predictive decision feedback equalizer (prDFE), implemented in 40-nm CMOS LP process, achieves 27-Gb/s operation with 0.41-mW/Gb/s power efficiency. The prDFE employs a novel quad-data rate sampling architecture to improve power efficiency while minimizing critical feedback path timing constraint of the equalizer to enable post-cursor inter-symbol interference (ISI) cancellation at high data-rate operations. © 2012 IEEE.

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