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Los Angeles, CA, United States

California State University, Los Angeles is a public comprehensive university, part of the 23 campus California State University system. The campus is located in the eastern region of Los Angeles, California, United States, in the University Hills district, facing the San Gabriel Mountains, at the center of Los Angeles metropolitan area just five miles east of Downtown Los Angeles.CSULA offers 129 types of Bachelor's degrees, 112 different Master's degrees, 3 Doctoral degrees including a Ph.D. in special education, Doctor of Education , Doctor of Nursing Practice and 22 teaching credentials. Wikipedia.

Fernando G.A.,California State University, Los Angeles
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry | Year: 2012

The construct of resilience was examined in a South Asian community impacted by natural and human-made disasters. Forty-three Sinhala, Tamil, and Muslim Sri Lankans (27 women; age range 21-62years) participated in 6 focus groups, conducted in either Sinhala or Tamil, to elicit participants' own ideas about components of resilience. Schema analysis of transcripts revealed that although some elements of resilience were common across ethnocultural groups, others differed by ethnic group. The differences appeared to be as much a function of type of trauma exposure as of culture. Components of resilience included many that are recognized in the western construct of resilience as well as 2 culturally unique components: strong will relating either to religious faith or to karma and psychosocial gratitude. These components could be examined in future measures of resilience with similar populations. Findings also revealed that some components of resilience can be taught; thus they can be the focus of interventions and public health policies. © 2012 American Orthopsychiatric Association.

Rezayi E.H.,California State University, Los Angeles | Simon S.H.,University of Oxford
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011

We perform numerical studies to determine if the fractional quantum Hall state observed at a filling factor of ν=5/2 is the Moore-Read wave function or its particle-hole conjugate, the so-called anti-Pfaffian. Using a truncated Hilbert space approach we find that, for realistic interactions, including Landau-level mixing, the ground state remains fully polarized and the anti-Pfaffian is strongly favored. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Fernando G.A.,California State University, Los Angeles
Transcultural Psychiatry | Year: 2012

The global mental health (GMH) research agenda should include both culture-general and culture-specific perspectives to ensure ecological validity of findings. Despite its title, the current GMH research agenda appears to be using a monocultural model that is individualistic, illness-oriented, and focused on intrapsychic processes. Ironically, issues of culture are prominently absent in many discussions of global mental health. This paper highlights some issues and concerns considered key to conducting ecologically valid and socially responsible GMH research. The concerns are particularly directed at researchers from dominant cultures who are working in low-income countries. Central to these issues is the balance between etic and emic perspectives in assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, as well as language, engagement of stakeholders and their agendas, and evaluation of the benefit of interventions to the community. New terminology is proposed that identifies broad cultural groups, and recommendations provided for a research agenda to encourage both basic and applied research that mutually benefits all stakeholders in the GMH research endeavor. © The Author(s) 2012 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

Krug P.J.,California State University, Los Angeles
American Malacological Bulletin | Year: 2011

Modern speciation theory is heavily influenced by Mayr's postulate that prolonged geographical isolation is necessary for differentiated populations to evolve reproductive isolation. Present-day distributions of sister species are consistent with allopatric or peripatric speciation in many terrestrial and freshwater animal groups. However, the oceans present few obstacles to dispersal for marine taxa with planktonic larvae, and sister species are not often split at biogeographical breakpoints in the sea. Theory predicts that disruptive selection on habitat choice or resource use can split a population into divergent ecotypes without physical separation, yet sympatric speciation is still often viewed as improbable. Here, I review phylogenetic evidence from diverse marine gastropods to test Mayr's prediction that recently diverged sister species should not be sympatric over most of their ranges. In contrast to expectations, young sister species are often broadly sympatric in many gastropod groups, suggesting that classical models of allopatric divergence are insufficient to explain marine speciation. I discuss four mechanisms that may contribute to this deviation from predicted biogeographical patterns: transient allopatry along continuous coastlines, rapid evolution of gamete recognition proteins, shifts to non-planktonic development, and ecological divergence. The available evidence argues that patterns of marine speciation depend on complex interactions between geography, life history, and ecology, often resulting in local radiations within a basin or endemic to an island group. Whether selection acts on ecotypes in sympatry or on populations during secondary contact, ecological factors may promote speciation in the sea at smaller spatial scales than expected. I highlight areas for future study to improve our understanding of the forces generating marine biodiversity, and why the geography of speciation may be fundamentally different for shallow-water animals.

Hoffman B.R.,California State University, Los Angeles
Substance Use and Misuse | Year: 2014

Transgender women have a higher prevalence of drug use, HIV, drug use, and sex work than the general population. This article explores the interaction of these variables and discusses how sex work and drug use behaviors contribute to the high rates of HIV. A model predicting HIV rates with sex work and drug use as well as these behaviors in the transgender woman's social network is presented. Challenges to intervening with transgender women, as well as suggestions and criteria for successful interventions, are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

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