Saarman E.T.,University of California at Santa Cruz |
Saarman E.T.,California Natural Resources Agency |
Carr M.H.,University of California at Santa Cruz
Marine Policy | Year: 2013
California recently established a state-wide MPA network that extends over 1900. km of coastline and includes 124. MPAs totaling nearly 2200. km2. Designing and implementing such an MPA network in a populous democratic state with a large number of ocean users required a balance of top-down and bottom-up governance strategies. A legal mandate for MPAs identified the goals for the network and stipulated that scientific knowledge should form the basis of MPA design, while political necessity led to a participatory stakeholder-driven MPA design process. At the time of publication, the oldest region of the network was just five years old, so it remains to be seen how the governance strategies employed in MPA planning will evolve to meet the challenges of long-term MPA management. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Pietri D.,University of Washington |
McAfee S.,University of Washington |
Mace A.,California Natural Resources Agency |
Knight E.,University of Washington |
And 2 more authors.
Coastal Management | Year: 2011
Connecting science and policy to promote the effective management of marine resources is a necessity and challenge acknowledged by scientists, policymakers, and stakeholders alike. As a leader on ocean issues, California has recognized the importance of integrating science into ocean and coastal management through specific policy choices. An example is the establishment of the California Ocean Science Trust (OST), a nonprofit organization mandated to support management decisions with the best available science. The OST functions as a "boundary organization" bridging the often-disparate worlds of science and policy. Recently, while coordinating a scientific study on the controversial issue of decommissioning California's offshore oil and gas platforms, the OST encountered public misconceptions about the peer review process and how it can help ensure unbiased scientific information informs policy. The OST's experience with this study, and generally as a scientific knowledge broker, provides a practical perspective on techniques for navigating the choppy waters between science and policy. This article presents a critical reflection on the OST's experience coordinating the platform decommissioning study, examined through the framework of boundary organizations and salience, credibility, and legitimacy. It highlights lessons-learned from the project and shares recommendations for working toward the effective integration of science and policy. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source
Iles A.C.,Oregon State University |
Gouhier T.C.,Oregon State University |
Menge B.A.,Oregon State University |
Stewart J.S.,Stanford University |
And 2 more authors.
Global Change Biology | Year: 2012
Eastern boundary current systems are among the most productive and lucrative ecosystems on Earth because they benefit from upwelling currents. Upwelling currents subsidize the base of the coastal food web by bringing deep, cold and nutrient-rich water to the surface. As upwelling is driven by large-scale atmospheric patterns, global climate change has the potential to affect a wide range of significant ecological processes through changes in water chemistry, water temperature, and the transport processes that influence species dispersal and recruitment. We examined long-term trends in the frequency, duration, and strength of continuous upwelling events for the Oregon and California regions of the California Current System in the eastern Pacific Ocean. We then associated event-scale upwelling with up to 21 years of barnacle and mussel recruitment, and water temperature data measured at rocky intertidal field sites along the Oregon coast. Our analyses suggest that upwelling events are changing in ways that are consistent with climate change predictions: upwelling events are becoming less frequent, stronger, and longer in duration. In addition, upwelling events have a quasi-instantaneous and cumulative effect on rocky intertidal water temperatures, with longer events leading to colder temperatures. Longer, more persistent upwelling events were negatively associated with barnacle recruitment but positively associated with mussel recruitment. However, since barnacles facilitate mussel recruitment by providing attachment sites, increased upwelling persistence could have indirect negative impacts on mussel populations. Overall, our results indicate that changes in coastal upwelling that are consistent with climate change predictions are altering the tempo and the mode of environmental forcing in near-shore ecosystems, with potentially severe and discontinuous ramifications for ecosystem structure and functioning. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source
HiQ Solar, an inverter manufacturer, named Rob Howard as its new VP of operations. Howard was most recently Enphase Energy's senior director of global manufacturing, HiQ just announced an $11 million round A from "a group of private investors," according to a release. Sand Hill Angels lists HiQ in its portfolio, and HiQ's board includes John Rockwell, CEO of Accelergy, Chuck Abronson of Accordance Ventures, and Angiolo Laviziano, founder of Mainstream Energy and former CEO of REC Solar. Lutz Henckels, CEO of HiQ Solar, said that the firm has shipped 6 megawatts of its 3-phase inverters to date. As Jason Deign recently reported in GTM, Philipp Schröder, the head of Tesla’s operations in Germany and Austria, will now lead Sonnenbatterie’s global growth when he returns to the company in October. Schröder, who was director of sales and business development at Sonnenbatterie until January 2014, will return to oversee a major product launch scheduled for the fourth quarter this year. Lifting Tesla’s German sales figures will now be a task for Jochen Rudat, who is currently the automaker’s Swiss country director. Sonnenbatterie claims to be Germany’s leading lithium-battery storage system provider, with 6,000 units sold. RockPort Partner Daniel Hullah has joined RockPort portfolio company Solar Universe/Repower as VP of marketing and strategy and interim CFO. Repower is a solar installer with a franchise model. Coronal Group named Philip Leiber as CFO. Leiber served as the CFO of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, the nation’s largest municipal utility. Prior to that, he was CFO at Seattle City Light. Coronal Group is a renewable energy firm that develops, owns and operates solar projects globally, in partnership with Panasonic. UGE International added new board members: Peter Davidson, appointed by President Obama in May 2013 to serve as the executive director of the Loan Programs Office at the U.S. DOE; Nicholas Parker, who is the managing partner of Global Acceleration Partners and launched The Cleantech Group in 2002; and Michael Doolan, currently EVP and CFO of Molycorp. UGE is a renewable energy provider for commercial and industrial clients, with over 2,000 installations in more than 100 countries. UGE deploys solar and microgrid energy solutions. We welcome Enertech, an executive search firm with a dedicated cleantech practice, as the sponsor of the long-running GTM jobs column. Here are a few of the positions that Enertech has filled recently. To see a snapshot of Enertech's active searches, including a vice president of sales role, click here. Todd Michaels, former VP of product innovations at SunEdison, and Bob Powell, former president of SunEdison North America, have founded Correlate, which Michaels' website describes as "an energy platform and service model that helps businesses continuously make intelligent energy decisions happen. We organize the market and provide a scalable, understandable resource for participants to create and deploy optimized solutions that manage and reduce energy costs." Larry Stapleton joined Optimum Energy as VP of sales and marketing from Ballard Power Systems, where he was president of the U.S.-based subsidiary. Alaina Bookstein joined Optimum Energy as VP of business development and strategy from Bridge Strategy Group. Optimum Energy provides industrial software solutions and mechanical engineering services to lower energy and water use in HVAC systems. Brandon Stromack, previously director of business development at UNIRAC, is now director of business development at Inovateus Solar, a large-scale solar EPC and distributor of solar products. Inovateus claims to have built and supplied over 230 megawatts of solar around the globe. The California Public Utilities Commission noted that the State Senate confirmed the appointments of Michael Picker and Liane M. Randolph as Commissioners of the CPUC. Both were appointed by Governor Jerry Brown. Prior to his appointment, President Picker was senior advisor for renewable energy in the Office of the Governor from 2009 to 2014. He was a deputy treasurer in the Office of the California State Treasurer from 1998 to 1999. Commissioner Randolph formerly served as deputy secretary and general counsel at the California Natural Resources Agency. She was formerly an attorney at the law firm of Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman. Commissioner Randolph served as Chair of the California Fair Political Practices Commission from 2003 to 2007. The terms for President Picker and Commissioner Randolph end on January 1, 2021. GRID Alternatives added three D.C.-based executives to its board of directors: Jacqueline Patterson, director of the NAACP's Environmental and Climate Justice Program; Oscar Ramirez, principal at the Podesta Group and former staffer for Department of Labor Secretary Solis; and Jonathan Powers, managing director at Bloom Energy, Army veteran and former Obama administration Chief Sustainability Officer. GRID Alternatives is a 501(c)(3) organization that brings community partners, volunteers and job trainees together to deploy solar power and energy efficiency for low-income families. Jen Mihu was promoted to office manager at the Solar Energy Industries Association.
Fox E.,California Natural Resources Agency |
Miller-Henson M.,California Natural Resources Agency |
Ugoretz J.,1933 Cliff Drive |
Ugoretz J.,U.S. Navy |
And 5 more authors.
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2013
Without the proper enabling conditions, MPA planning processes can be significantly hindered in their capacity to achieve stated goals. In California, after two unsuccessful attempts, statewide planning of a network of marine protected areas (MPA) was achieved through the California Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA) Initiative. Six initial enabling conditions contributed to moving the MLPA Initiative forward, ultimately meeting the statutory objective of redesigning the statewide system of MPAs. Those conditions included: (1) a strong legal mandate which provided guidance and flexibility; (2) political support and leadership which enabled the process to overcome political challenges and opposition; (3) adequate funding which ensured sufficient staff support and facilitated innovative approaches to a public MPA network planning process; (4) an aggressive timeline with firm deadlines which propelled the process forward; (5) willingness of civil society to engage which provided for better informed and broadly supported outcomes; and (6) an effective and transparent process design which optimized contributions from stakeholders, scientists, and policy makers. These conditions enabled the MLPA Initiative to avoid shortcomings of similar planning processes, with implications for broader national policy on coastal and marine spatial planning in the United States. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source