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Dewsbury, United Kingdom

Proot J.L.J.,Calder Vets Ltd | Corr S.A.,University of Nottingham
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Objectives: To quantitatively assess the learning curve for the tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) procedure performed by a single surgeon using the cumulative summation (CUSUM) technique and to determine if surgeon performance remained under control (i.e. within specified quality boundaries) after the learning curve had been climbed. Study design: Retrospective study. Animals: Dogs (n = 122) with cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifles (n = 167). Methods: Records of all dogs that had a TTA procedure performed by the same surgeon were reviewed. Cases were included if the following information was available: weight, breed, date of surgery, presence of partial or full cruciate rupture, meniscal pathology, occurrence and description of postoperative complications and treatment with a minimum of 12 months follow-up. Patients were excluded if they had a concurrent illness. Major complications were defined as those requiring revision surgery. The CUSUM technique was used to determine the time taken for the surgeon to reach a pre-defined level of competency and to monitor ongoing performance. Results: Major complications occurred in 15 out of 167 procedures (9%) within 12 months of TTA surgery. The complication rate decreased as surgical experience was gained with the technique, however the learning curve continued until the 22nd procedure. Thereafter, despite the target complication rate being re-set at a lower level, the surgeon's performance remained acceptable, i.e. within the revised quality boundary. Clinical significance: The CUSUM technique was used for clinical audit, to determine the learning curve for the TTA procedure for a single surgeon, and to monitor ongoing performance. An experienced general practitioner had a learning curve of 22 procedures and complication rates were within the published ranges. Corr © Schattauer 2013. Source

Proot J.L.J.,Calder Vets Ltd | De Vicente F.,Calder Vets Ltd | Sheahan D.E.,Calder Vets Ltd
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Objective: To report synovial fluid lactate concentrations in normal and pathological canine joints. Study design: Controlled, prospective study. Methods: Lactate was measured in synovial fluid using a hand-held meter and the rest of the fluid was sent to a commercial laboratory for analysis. Samples were divided into four groups; group 1: control, group 2: osteoarthritis, group 3: immune-mediated inflammatory arthritis, and group 4: septic arthritis. Statistical analysis was performed to compare lactate concentrations between the four groups and to examine the predictive value of lactate in the diagnosis of septic arthritis. A correlation was sought between synovial fluid lactate and synovial fluid total nucleated cell count and total protein. Results: Seventy-four samples were investigated from 55 dogs. Statistical analysis found that lactate concentrations were significantly higher in the septic arthritis group than in each of the other three groups. No significant correlation could be found between synovial fluid lactate concentrations and synovial fluid total nucleated cell count or synovial fluid total protein. Lactate concentration was found to be a useful predictor of septic arthritis, with a low concentration pointing towards exclusion rather than a high concentration to the diagnosis of septic arthritis. Clinical significance: Synovial fluid lactate concentration is not a good marker for osteoarthritis or immune-mediated inflammatory arthritis, but it is significantly increased in septic arthritis and could help the clinician in ruling out this condition in a quick and cost-effective way. © 2015 Schattauer. Source

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