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Sinha A.,Calcutta National Medical College
Indian journal of public health | Year: 2012

Domestic violence has serious impact on women's health and well-being. A nationwide survey conducted in India observed that 37.2% of women experienced violence after marriage. To assess the prevalence of domestic violence among the ever married women in reproductive age group and to find out the types of domestic violence and factors associated with it. The study was a community based cross-sectional study, conducted in a slum area of Kolkata. Overall prevalence of domestic violence was 54%, of which 41.9% suffered from both current and lifetime physical and psychological violence. Presence of property, higher per capita income and social support were protective factors against domestic violence, whereas alcohol addiction and multiple sex partners were the important contributory factors for it. The study recommended more social support, awareness and income generation for women in the slum areas. Source

Bandyopadhyay G.,Calcutta National Medical College
Journal of the Indian Medical Association | Year: 2010

Occlusive clot formation in the veins causes venous thrombosis, the site most common in the deep veins of leg, called deep vein thrombosis. The clot can block blood flow and when it breaks off, called an embolism which in turn can damage the vital organs. Venous thrombosis occurs via three mechanisms ie, Virchow's triad. The mechanisms are decreased flow rate of blood, damage to the blood vessel wall and an increased tendency of the blood to clot. There are several factors which can increase a person's risk for deep vein thrombosis. The symptoms of deep vein thrombosis in the legs are pain, swelling and redness of the part. One variety of venous thrombosis is phlegmasia alba dolens where the leg becomes pale and cool. Investigations include Doppler ultrasound examination of the limb, D-dimer blood test, plethysmography of the legs, x-rays to show vein in the affected area (venography). Hospitalisation is necessary in some cases with some risk factors. The mainstream of treatment is with anticoagulants, mostly low molecular weight heparin for 6 months. Deep venous thrombosis is a rising problem. Early diagnosis and treatment is associated with a good prognosis. Source

Jindal T.,Calcutta National Medical College
Urologic nursing | Year: 2012

Indwelling bladder catheters are often placed when a patient requires voiding assistance. Long-term use of these catheters has been associated with significant morbidity This case presentation describes a complete erosion of the glans, urethra, and penile skin, up to the penoscrotal junction, as an outcome from long-term use of an indwelling bladder catheter. Appropriate nursing interventions can prevent this devastating health care outcome. Source

Ghatak R.K.,Calcutta National Medical College
Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ | Year: 2011

To observe the effects of application of cybernetics (theories of communication). This is an open level prospective study, involving patients with chronic low back pain of more than 3 months. Assessment were done before the start of therapy and after the completion of therapy every day for consecutive 6 days of treatment protocol. A total of 8 patients were enrolled (4 male, 4 female). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to assess pain, Oswestry Disability Scale (ODI) was applied for scoring disability. ODI was scored at the start of treatment on 1st day and at the end of the treatment on 6th day. Mean VAS reduced from 8.12 to 6.93 after 1st day, which was also statistically significant (p < .01) .This trend continued and there was very significant reduction (p < .001) of VAS in the end when means were compared with pretreatment value. Mean Oswestry disability index reduced from 49.875 to 18.44 at the end of treatment which was statistically very significant (p < 0.001). There were significant improvements in all the outcome measured after Scrambler therapy. Source

Samanta S.K.,Calcutta National Medical College
Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH | Year: 2011

A case report of a successful recovery from paraplegia and cortical blindness following anti-venom injection for a snake bite by a common krait is reported here. A 14-year old male patient was bitten by a common krait. On admission to a tertiary level hospital, he was started with antivenom serum. But the patient developed sudden respiratory distress following anaphylactic shock and he was kept on ventilation. The patient was discharged with paraplegia with loss of vision. He was diagnosed as a case of cortical blindness due to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Subsequently, the patient recovered from paraplegia and regained visual acuity of 6/60 in both eyes (best corrected). The boy was reexamined after four years. Evaluation of victims of neurotoxic snake bite for early signs of respiratory depression and prompt respiratory assistance, even if anti-venom is not available, is most essential as a life saving measure. © NEPjOPH. Source

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