Calcutta National Medical College

Kolkata, India

Calcutta National Medical College

Kolkata, India
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Jindal T.,Calcutta National Medical College
Urologic nursing | Year: 2012

Indwelling bladder catheters are often placed when a patient requires voiding assistance. Long-term use of these catheters has been associated with significant morbidity This case presentation describes a complete erosion of the glans, urethra, and penile skin, up to the penoscrotal junction, as an outcome from long-term use of an indwelling bladder catheter. Appropriate nursing interventions can prevent this devastating health care outcome.

Bandyopadhyay G.,Calcutta National Medical College
Journal of the Indian Medical Association | Year: 2010

Occlusive clot formation in the veins causes venous thrombosis, the site most common in the deep veins of leg, called deep vein thrombosis. The clot can block blood flow and when it breaks off, called an embolism which in turn can damage the vital organs. Venous thrombosis occurs via three mechanisms ie, Virchow's triad. The mechanisms are decreased flow rate of blood, damage to the blood vessel wall and an increased tendency of the blood to clot. There are several factors which can increase a person's risk for deep vein thrombosis. The symptoms of deep vein thrombosis in the legs are pain, swelling and redness of the part. One variety of venous thrombosis is phlegmasia alba dolens where the leg becomes pale and cool. Investigations include Doppler ultrasound examination of the limb, D-dimer blood test, plethysmography of the legs, x-rays to show vein in the affected area (venography). Hospitalisation is necessary in some cases with some risk factors. The mainstream of treatment is with anticoagulants, mostly low molecular weight heparin for 6 months. Deep venous thrombosis is a rising problem. Early diagnosis and treatment is associated with a good prognosis.

Sinha A.,Calcutta National Medical College
Indian journal of public health | Year: 2012

Domestic violence has serious impact on women's health and well-being. A nationwide survey conducted in India observed that 37.2% of women experienced violence after marriage. To assess the prevalence of domestic violence among the ever married women in reproductive age group and to find out the types of domestic violence and factors associated with it. The study was a community based cross-sectional study, conducted in a slum area of Kolkata. Overall prevalence of domestic violence was 54%, of which 41.9% suffered from both current and lifetime physical and psychological violence. Presence of property, higher per capita income and social support were protective factors against domestic violence, whereas alcohol addiction and multiple sex partners were the important contributory factors for it. The study recommended more social support, awareness and income generation for women in the slum areas.

Ghatak R.K.,Calcutta National Medical College
Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ | Year: 2011

To observe the effects of application of cybernetics (theories of communication). This is an open level prospective study, involving patients with chronic low back pain of more than 3 months. Assessment were done before the start of therapy and after the completion of therapy every day for consecutive 6 days of treatment protocol. A total of 8 patients were enrolled (4 male, 4 female). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to assess pain, Oswestry Disability Scale (ODI) was applied for scoring disability. ODI was scored at the start of treatment on 1st day and at the end of the treatment on 6th day. Mean VAS reduced from 8.12 to 6.93 after 1st day, which was also statistically significant (p < .01) .This trend continued and there was very significant reduction (p < .001) of VAS in the end when means were compared with pretreatment value. Mean Oswestry disability index reduced from 49.875 to 18.44 at the end of treatment which was statistically very significant (p < 0.001). There were significant improvements in all the outcome measured after Scrambler therapy.

Jindal T.,Calcutta National Medical College
Urologic nursing | Year: 2013

Fluoroscopy is an integral part of urology and is used for various procedures, such as extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, uretero-renoscopy, and ureteral stenting. This technique exposes the urologist and assistants to radiation, which is known to have deleterious effects. Although there have been studies that determine the amount of exposure and the risks to the operating urologist, the risk to the assisting staff remains largely undetermined. A literature review was conducted to determine the risk of radiation exposure during urological procedures, with emphasis on data concerning assisting staff. Data from nine major studies is presented in this article.

Mukhopadhyay P.P.,Calcutta National Medical College
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2012

The present study was designed to derive a model for determination of sex from fragment of adult hip bone (distal ischio-pubic portion) in a population specific sample using Discriminant function analysis. The following discriminant function was obtained: DF = .76*SYL +1.60*SYW + 4.36. *DOF - 24.88 Overall 90.0 % of the cases could be correctly classified in to the two sexes from the three predictors [maximum vertical length of symphyseal surface (SYL), maximum width of symphyseal surface of pubis (SYW) and maximum diameter of the obturator foramen (DOF).] in the model. Cross-validated results showed correct classification in 86.7% cases. The results of this preliminary study show that these three variables contribute to discrimination between the two sexes in the study population. This investigation also reiterates that discriminant functions are population specific. Sexing of the adult human hipbone is thus possible with reasonable accuracy using the discriminant function on a sample obtained from the Indian Bengali population. This metric analysis can be used for fragmentary remains of hipbones of the population under study.

Samanta S.K.,Calcutta National Medical College
Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH | Year: 2011

A case report of a successful recovery from paraplegia and cortical blindness following anti-venom injection for a snake bite by a common krait is reported here. A 14-year old male patient was bitten by a common krait. On admission to a tertiary level hospital, he was started with antivenom serum. But the patient developed sudden respiratory distress following anaphylactic shock and he was kept on ventilation. The patient was discharged with paraplegia with loss of vision. He was diagnosed as a case of cortical blindness due to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Subsequently, the patient recovered from paraplegia and regained visual acuity of 6/60 in both eyes (best corrected). The boy was reexamined after four years. Evaluation of victims of neurotoxic snake bite for early signs of respiratory depression and prompt respiratory assistance, even if anti-venom is not available, is most essential as a life saving measure. © NEPjOPH.

Guha P.,Calcutta National Medical College | Sardar P.,Lal Bahadur Shastri Hospital
Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research | Year: 2011

Prevalence of pediatric HIV has not been well characterized. We evaluate the prevalence, risks and contributing factors to the spread of HIV in India. This manuscript aims to describe prevalence of Pediatric HIV infection in Eastern India. We want to provide data on burden of HIV positive children visiting a tertiary care center located in the city of Kolkata, East India. Data is provided for routes of HIV exposure and occupational background and HIV status of the parents of infected children. Background: Various studies in India have documented high prevalence of HIV infection in children. Nearly 20 million babies are born each year and the number of infected babies could be >50,000 per year. According to Solomon S et al in India the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women varies widely from state to state and figures range from 0.5% to as high as 4.7% as in Namakkal, a small village in Tamilnadu. Objective: To determine and characterize the prevalence of pediatric HIV/AIDS in India Methods: This is a two year retrospective review of patients from the (with 100 beds) pediatric outpatient unit of the Medical college and Hospital, Kokata, was undertaken to determine the prevalence of pediatric HIV/AIDS in Kokata (or in North India). Results: 3,669 pediatric patients were admitted to the hospital, 437(11.9%) tested positive for HIV, 234 were males, while 203 were females (m:f=1.15:1). Children under the age of five years accounted for 81.7% of the HIV positive children. Mother-to-child transmission occurred in 73.7% of cases was the major route of transmission of HIV. Two other common routes included the use of blood/blood products (21 patients), hairdressing implements due to punctures in 4.8% each, while sexual abuse/sex activities were the probable route in 3.8% others. Most mothers of HIV children were either housewives (45.3%), or petty traders, trade that is conducted on a small scale (10.4%). Conclusion: The prevalence of pediatric HIV/AIDS was high in Eastern india. The most common mode of transmission was mother to child. Programs to work on education of prevention of this mode of transmission should be implemented by proper detection of disease in mothers,adequate counselling and administration of HAART to prevent mother to child transmission of AIDS. © 2011 Guha P, et al.

Mahapatra N.C.,Calcutta National Medical College
Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH | Year: 2011

ITP can give rise to bleeding episodes in different parts of the body including the central nervous system with various systemic manifestations. An eight-year old female child, diagnosed as a case of chronic ITP for last two years, developed intense headache and vomiting for a few days before admission. This was associated with right sided mid dilated pupil with brisk reaction to light. MRI-angiography showed a bleeding aneurysm of posterior communicating artery. The features of raised intra cranial tension subsided with conservative management but the anisocoria persisted. A bleeding aneurysm can manifest with anisocoria as a sign of partial third cranial nerve palsy. © NEPjOPH.

Dhar G.,Calcutta National Medical College
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2013

alence of mental depression among the elderly is gradually increasing in West Bengal along with other part of the world. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly population in a slum of Medinipur town, West Bengal, India to find out the prevalence of depression and its related factors. 10% of the elderly population (n=204) was selected by systematic random sampling. Yesavage's Geriatric Depression Scale was used for collecting the data. 59.8% of the subjects were suffering from depression and prevalence increased with age. Prevalence was significantly higher (83.33%) among respondents who were single and/or physically disabled (88.9%). Thus sympathetic and positive attitude to the depressed elderly people by the surrounding people can help the society.

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