Cairo, Egypt
Cairo, Egypt

Cairo University is a public university in Giza, Egypt. It was founded on 21 December 1908. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt, notwithstanding the pre-existing higher professional schools that later became constituent colleges of the university, after Al Azhar University. It was founded and funded as the Egyptian University by a committee of private citizens with royal patronage in 1908 and became a state institution under King Fuad I in 1925. In 1940, four years following his death, the University was renamed King Fuad I University in his honor. It was renamed a second time after the Free Officer’s Coup of 1952.The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 22 faculties. It counts three Nobel Laureates among its graduates and is one of the 50 largest institutions of higher education in the world by enrollment. Wikipedia.


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A total of 17 well-preserved mummies were discovered from an unmarked burial site in Egypt's El-Minya province on Saturday (13 May), becoming the latest in a series of discoveries made in the country in the recent past. The find is believed to belong to the 600-year-long Greco-Roman period that followed Egypt's conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 BC, Mohamed Hamza, a Cairo University archaeology dean in charge of the excavations, told Reuters. The mummies were accidentally found at the Tuna Al-Gabal archaeological site through a radar survey conducted by a team of experts from the Cairo University's faculty of science, Mission head Salah El-Kholi told Egypt's Ahram Online. The survey was carried out in early 2016 and revealed hollow ground. El-Kholi said the mummies were found in burial shafts along with eight limestone sarcophagi and several baboon coffins. The 17 non-royal mummies were found wrapped in linen and very well preserved, he noted. Two of the sarcophagi were carved in clay and are anthropoid coffins. Don't miss: Uganda's iconic tree-climbing lions forced out in search for food El-Kholi said one of the coffins was in good condition, but the other was partly damaged. They also found two papyri written in Demotic and a gold decoration with the shape of a feather. Most popular: Burial chamber of Ancient Egyptian pharaoh's daughter discovered in mystery 3,800-year-old pyramid "This feather could be decoration on the hair dress of one of the deceased," El- Kholi said. He added that the papyri would be transferred to the Grand Egyptian Museum for restoration. The mission headed by El-Kholi also found a number of Roman funerary houses made of clay at a neighbouring archaeological site, in which they discovered a collection of different coins, lamps and other domestic items. Egypt's Minister of Antiquities, Khaled El-Enany, termed it as an important discovery because it was the first in the area in more than six decades. Egyptologist Sami Gabra had last discovered the birds and animals necropolis between 1931 and 1954 in the area. The latest discovery comes after a mission from the antiquities ministry uncovered an almost intact funerary collection of Userhat, the chancellor of Thebes during the 18th dynasty, in the Draa Abul Naga necropolis on Luxor's west bank. El-Enany is hopeful that these interesting discoveries will give a boost to the struggling Egyptian tourism industry. You may be interested in:


News Article | May 8, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

CAIRO and HOUSTON, May 8, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Apex International Energy (www.apexintl.com), an independent oil and gas exploration and production company focused on Egypt, today announced that it has expanded its global team with the appointments of Willis "Trey" Gilmore as Vice President of Corporate Reservoir Engineering in Houston and Raed Saba as Deputy General Manager and Exploration Manager in Cairo. Mr. Gilmore brings over 25 years of engineering, operations and leadership experience in the oil and gas industry and will contribute significant reserve evaluation and planning expertise to Apex. Mr. Saba has over 35 years of international oil and gas experience, including nearly three decades working for Shell in Egypt, Kazakhstan and the Netherlands. Thomas M. Maher, President and Chief Operating Officer of Apex International Energy, commented, "We are delighted to welcome Trey and Raed, who each bring extensive experience in the international oil and gas industry and will be valuable contributors to Apex's ongoing expansion." Roger B. Plank, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Apex International Energy, commented, "We are pleased with the progress Apex has made in our first year, including the expansion of our global team and the strong foothold we have established in Egypt.  We remain focused on scaling our business through new asset acquisitions and capital investments to deliver long-term, profitable growth in production and reserves." Trey Gilmore brings over 25 years of engineering, operations and leadership experience in the oil and gas industry.  He most recently served as Manager of Reserves at Sheridan Production Company, where he managed the corporation's reserve and reporting processes, working closely with the engineering, operations and accounting departments as well as external auditors.  Prior to that, Mr. Gilmore served as Vice President of Corporate Reserves and Planning at Fieldwood Energy. Previously, Mr. Gilmore held a variety of leadership roles at Apache Corporation.  He began his career as a Petroleum Engineer at Antelope Production Company and held a variety of engineering roles at Pacific Enterprises Oil Company USA and Hunt Oil Company. Mr. Gilmore received a bachelor's degree in Petroleum Engineering and an MBA from the University of Texas at Austin. Raed Saba has over 35 years of international oil and gas experience covering a wide spectrum of exploration activities including seismic acquisition operations and processing, geological studies and acreage evaluation, drill site maturation, well drilling operations and reserves calculation. He joined Shell in 1988, during his nearly 30-year career, Mr. Saba served in roles of increasing responsibility internationally, including Egypt, Kazakhstan and the Netherlands.  Most recently, Mr. Saba was the Government Relations Manager and Senior Country Advisor for Shell in Egypt, where he oversaw all of Shell's exploration activity in onshore and offshore concessions and producing fields. Mr. Saba began his career as a Seismic Observer and Weathering Seismologist for Western Geophysical Company, and also served as a Seismic Interpreter for Total Proche Orient in Egypt and Total Oil Marine Aberdeen before joining Shell. Mr. Saba received his bachelor's degree with honors in Geology and Geophysics from Cairo University. Apex International Energy is an independent oil and gas exploration and production company focused on Egypt and backed by Warburg Pincus, a global private equity firm focused on growth investing.  Apex International Energy plans to build an exploration and production business of scale through asset acquisitions and capital investments in drilling, infrastructure and production enhancement to deliver long-term profitable growth in production and reserves. Apex International Energy is also pursuing acreage transactions including farm-ins and new concession bid rounds. Apex was recently awarded 1.7 million acres in the prolific Abu Gharadig Basin by the Egyptian General Petroleum Company (EGPC) from their 2016 Bid Round. For more information, please visit www.apexintl.com.


News Article | May 8, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

Mr. Saba has over 35 years of international oil and gas experience, including nearly three decades working for Shell in Egypt, Kazakhstan and the Netherlands. Thomas M. Maher, President and Chief Operating Officer of Apex International Energy, commented, "We are delighted to welcome Trey and Raed, who each bring extensive experience in the international oil and gas industry and will be valuable contributors to Apex's ongoing expansion." Roger B. Plank, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Apex International Energy, commented, "We are pleased with the progress Apex has made in our first year, including the expansion of our global team and the strong foothold we have established in Egypt.  We remain focused on scaling our business through new asset acquisitions and capital investments to deliver long-term, profitable growth in production and reserves." Trey Gilmore brings over 25 years of engineering, operations and leadership experience in the oil and gas industry.  He most recently served as Manager of Reserves at Sheridan Production Company, where he managed the corporation's reserve and reporting processes, working closely with the engineering, operations and accounting departments as well as external auditors.  Prior to that, Mr. Gilmore served as Vice President of Corporate Reserves and Planning at Fieldwood Energy. Previously, Mr. Gilmore held a variety of leadership roles at Apache Corporation.  He began his career as a Petroleum Engineer at Antelope Production Company and held a variety of engineering roles at Pacific Enterprises Oil Company USA and Hunt Oil Company. Mr. Gilmore received a bachelor's degree in Petroleum Engineering and an MBA from the University of Texas at Austin. Raed Saba has over 35 years of international oil and gas experience covering a wide spectrum of exploration activities including seismic acquisition operations and processing, geological studies and acreage evaluation, drill site maturation, well drilling operations and reserves calculation. He joined Shell in 1988, during his nearly 30-year career, Mr. Saba served in roles of increasing responsibility internationally, including Egypt, Kazakhstan and the Netherlands.  Most recently, Mr. Saba was the Government Relations Manager and Senior Country Advisor for Shell in Egypt, where he oversaw all of Shell's exploration activity in onshore and offshore concessions and producing fields. Mr. Saba began his career as a Seismic Observer and Weathering Seismologist for Western Geophysical Company, and also served as a Seismic Interpreter for Total Proche Orient in Egypt and Total Oil Marine Aberdeen before joining Shell. Mr. Saba received his bachelor's degree with honors in Geology and Geophysics from Cairo University. Apex International Energy is an independent oil and gas exploration and production company focused on Egypt and backed by Warburg Pincus, a global private equity firm focused on growth investing.  Apex International Energy plans to build an exploration and production business of scale through asset acquisitions and capital investments in drilling, infrastructure and production enhancement to deliver long-term profitable growth in production and reserves. Apex International Energy is also pursuing acreage transactions including farm-ins and new concession bid rounds. Apex was recently awarded 1.7 million acres in the prolific Abu Gharadig Basin by the Egyptian General Petroleum Company (EGPC) from their 2016 Bid Round. For more information, please visit www.apexintl.com. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/apex-international-energy-welcomes-two-new-leaders-300452351.html


News Article | April 13, 2017
Site: www.chromatographytechniques.com

Gray hair is linked to heart disease risk in men, according to a team of Egyptian cardiologists. The underlying mechanisms of aging including DNA repair and inflammation link the two physical phenomena, the team from Cairo University reported last week at a conference of the European Society of Cardiology in Spain. “Aging in an unavoidable coronary risk factor and is associated with dermatological signs that could signal increased risk,” said Irini Samuel, the lead author. “Atherosclerosis and hair graying occur through similar biological pathways and the incidence of both increases with age.” The group of 545 adult men underwent a multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography to determine whether they had coronary artery disease. The men were also graded on a hair-whitening score from 1 to 5 by the researchers (1 meaning pure black hair, and 5 meaning pure white hair). The 80 percent of the group who had coronary artery disease had significantly whiter hair scores. The scientist also found that hypertension and dyslipidaemia were also independent predictors of heart disease. But in the reverse direction, only age was an independent predictor of the hair-whitening score. “Our findings suggest that, irrespective of chronological age, hair graying indicates biological age and could be a warning sign of increased cardiovascular risk,” added Samuel. The poster was presented at the EuroPrevent conference last Saturday. The full study is in this month’s European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. The cause of hair graying has been linked to other natural processes of aging and deterioration. The Wnt signaling pathway that is implicated in melanocyte stem cells was also found to be behind the gradual change in hair pigmentation, according to a 2011 study by a New York University team in the journal Cell.


News Article | April 9, 2017
Site: www.techtimes.com

Gray hair is perceived as a sign of aging. Now, a new study suggests that having more white hair could also be a warning sign of a higher risk for developing heart disease. In a study presented at the EuroPrevent 2017 on April 8, researchers reported that the graying of the hair and atherosclerosis, the hardening and narrowing of the arteries and the usual cause of stroke and heart disease, share similar mechanisms. Both are marked by impaired DNA repair, inflammation, oxidative stress, hormonal changes, and deterioration of functional cells. "Atherosclerosis and hair greying occur through similar biological pathways and the incidence of both increases with age," said Irini Samuel, a cardiologist at the Cairo University in Egypt. In the study involving 545 participants, researchers looked at the prevalence of gray hair in patients with suspected coronary artery disease to find out if the graying of the hair is an independent risk marker of the condition. The participants, all adult men, were divided into groups depending on whether or not they have coronary artery disease and the amount of white hair that they had. Two independent observers graded the amount of gray hair of the participants. Researchers also collected data on traditional heart disease risk factors which include diabetes, smoking, hypertension, and a family history of the disease. Results revealed that the men with high hair whitening score, or those who had equal amount of white hair and black hair as well as those with mostly white hair, had higher risk for coronary artery disease that is independent of other cardiovascular risk factors and chronological age. The researchers also found that those with coronary artery disease had significantly higher hair whitening score and higher calcifications in the artery compared with those without coronary heart disease. "We tested the hypothesis that hair graying as a visible marker of aging is associated with risk of coronary artery disease independent of chronological age," the researchers reported. "In our population, high hair whitening score was associated with increased risk of CAD independent of chronological age and other established cardiovascular risk factors." Samuel said that asymptomatic patients with high risk for heart disease need to have regular check-ups to avoid early cardiac events. Researchers of the new study said that if their findings are confirmed, standardization of a scoring system that evaluates the graying of the hair may be used to predict risk for coronary artery disease. The American Heart Association said that 45 percent of the U.S. population will develop health problems associated with heart disease by 2035. Costs associated with these cardiovascular conditions would also increase to $1.1 trillion from $555 billion in 2016. Health experts have recommended preventive measures. "Rather than treating illness when it is far advanced, the American Heart Association advocates for heart-healthy habits and wellness throughout a person's life — and the earlier the better," AHA said. "Those who follow a lifestyle of regular exercise, a heart-healthy diet and regular screenings for blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes can dramatically reduce their risk of developing CVD." © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.


CrowdReviews Partnered with Madridge Publishers to Announce: International Conference on Materials Science and Research ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research. They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes. ICMSR-2017 Themes: Materials Science and Engineering Advanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.) Materials Chemistry and Physics Discovery and design of new materials Synthesis & Architecture of Materials Computational Materials Science Nano and Biomaterials Nanotechnology in Materials Science Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Science Materials for Energy and Environment Ceramics, Polymers and Composite Materials Materials in Industry To submit your abstracts please see: http://icmsr.madridge.com/abstract-submission.php ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee: · Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK · Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK · Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE · Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA · Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt · Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE · Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt · Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt · Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE · Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China · Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt · Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt · Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA · Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE · Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA · Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, Egypt ICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event. Contact person: Nirosha A icmsr@madridge.com icmsr@madridge.net Naples, FL, April 18, 2017 --( PR.com )-- The International Conference on Materials Science and Research is going to be held during November 16-18, 2017 in Dubai, UAE.ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research.They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes.ICMSR-2017 Themes:Materials Science and EngineeringAdvanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.)Materials Chemistry and PhysicsDiscovery and design of new materialsSynthesis & Architecture of MaterialsComputational Materials ScienceNano and BiomaterialsNanotechnology in Materials ScienceMining, Metallurgy and Materials ScienceMaterials for Energy and EnvironmentCeramics, Polymers and Composite MaterialsMaterials in IndustryTo submit your abstracts please see:ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee:· Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK· Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK· Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE· Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA· Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt· Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE· Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt· Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt· Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE· Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China· Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt· Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt· Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA· Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE· Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA· Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, EgyptICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event.Contact person:Nirosha A


Euro-Mediterranean policies, as well as research on them, have been characterized by a Euro-centric approach based on a narrow geopolitical construction of the Mediterranean. Moreover, stakeholders, policy instruments, and policy issues have been defined from a European standpoint, marginalizing the perspectives and needs of local states and people, and ignoring the role played by new and powerful regional and global actors. In an increasingly multipolar world, overcoming this Euro-centric approach is key for Europe to play a more meaningful role in the region. Thus, MEDRESET aims to reset our understanding of the Mediterranean and develop alternative visions for a new partnership and corresponding EU policies, reinventing a future role for the EU as an inclusive, flexible, and responsive actor in the region. This will be achieved through an integrated research design which is in three phases: it 1) de-constructs the EU construction of the Mediterranean, 2) counters it by mapping the region on the geopolitical level and in four key policy areas (political ideas, agriculture and water, industry and energy, migration and mobility) alongside a three-dimensional framework (stakeholders, policy instruments, policy issues), which directly feeds into 3) a reconstruction of a new role for the EU, enhancing its ability to exert reflexive leadership and thus its relevance in the region. Embedded in an interdisciplinary research team, as well as in a civil society and media network, MEDRESET evaluates the effectiveness and potential of EU policies by investigating whether current policies still match the changing geopolitical configuration of the Mediterranean area. The perceptions of EU policies and the reasons for their successes or failures are assessed by surveying top-down and bottom-up stakeholders on both shores of the Mediterranean. Country-tailored policy recommendations for the EU will be given for four key countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-03-2015 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2016

SIMRA seeks to advance understanding of social innovation (SI) and innovative governance in agriculture, forestry and rural development (RD), and how to boost them, particularly in marginalised rural areas across Europe, with a focus on the Mediterranean region (including non-EU) where there is limited evidence of outcomes and supporting conditions. These objectives will be achieved by: 1. Developing systematic frameworks: a) theoretical - for improved knowledge of the complexity of SIs and its dimensions, and its impact on unfolding territorial capital; b) operational - based on a trans-disciplinary coalition (researchers and practitioners) to advance understanding of preconditions and success factors (e.g. instruments, incentives etc.) for implementing/operationalizing SI. 2. Creating a categorisation of SIs which encompasses the specificities in terms of social priorities, relationships/collaborations etc. and serves as an instrument to explore reasons why regions with similar conditions display diverging paths and to turn diversity into strength. 3. Creating an integrated set of methods to evaluate SI and its impacts on economic, social, environmental, institutional and policy dimensions of territorial capital. 4. Co-constructed evaluation of SIs in case studies across the spatial variation of European rural areas, considering which components of territorial capital foster and, or mainstream RD. 5. Synthesis and dissemination of new or improved knowledge of SIs and novel governance mechanisms to promote social capital and institutional capacity building and inform effective options/solutions for shaping sustainable development trajectories. 6. Creating collaborative learning and networking opportunities and launching innovative actions at different/multiple scales, with continuous interactions among researchers, knowledge brokers and stakeholders to foster and mainstream SI, leaving a durable legacy.


Ibrahim M.M.,Cairo University | Damasceno A.,Eduardo Mondlane University
The Lancet | Year: 2012

Data from different national and regional surveys show that hypertension is common in developing countries, particularly in urban areas, and that rates of awareness, treatment, and control are low. Several hypertension risk factors seem to be more common in developing countries than in developed regions. Findings from serial surveys show an increasing prevalence of hypertension in developing countries, possibly caused by urbanisation, ageing of population, changes to dietary habits, and social stress. High illiteracy rates, poor access to health facilities, bad dietary habits, poverty, and high costs of drugs contribute to poor blood pressure control. The health system in many developing countries is inadequate because of low funds, poor infrastructure, and inexperience. Priority is given to acute disorders, child and maternal health care, and control of communicable diseases. Governments, together with medical societies and non-governmental organisations, should support and promote preventive programmes aiming to increase public awareness, educate physicians, and reduce salt intake. Regulations for the food industry and the production and availability of generic drugs should be reinforced.


Ibrahim M.M.,Cairo University
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2010

Obesity is a heterogeneous disorder. Obese individuals vary in their body fat distribution, their metabolic profile and degree of associated cardiovascular and metabolic risk. Abdominal obesity carries greater risk of developing diabetes and future cardiovascular events than peripheral or gluteofemoral obesity. There are differences between adipose tissue present in subcutaneous areas (SCAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) present in the abdominal cavity. These include anatomical, cellular, molecular, physiological, clinical and prognostic differences. Anatomically, VAT is present mainly in the mesentery and omentum, and drains directly through the portal circulaion to the liver. VAT compared with SCAT is more cellular, vascular, innervated and contains a larger number of inflammatory and immune cells, lesser preadipocyte differentiating capacity and a greater percentage of large adipocytes. There are more glucocorticoid and androgen receptors in VAT than in SCAT. VAT adipocytes are more metabolically active, more sensitive to lipolysis and more insulin-resistant than SCAT adipocytes. VAT has a greater capacity to generate free fatty acids and to uptake glucose than SCAT and is more sensitive to adrenergic stimulation, while SCAT is more avid in absorption of circulating free fatty acids and triglycerides. VAT carries a greater prediction of mortality than SCAT. © 2009 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

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