How should we discuss genetic testing with women newly diagnosed with breast cancer? Design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial of two models of delivering education about treatment-focused genetic testing to younger women newly diagnosed with breast cancer
Watts K.J.,Prince of Wales Hospital |
Watts K.J.,University of New South Wales |
Meiser B.,Prince of Wales Hospital |
Meiser B.,University of New South Wales |
And 65 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2012
Background: Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation testing offered shortly after a breast cancer diagnosis to inform women's treatment choices - treatment-focused genetic testing 'TFGT' - has entered clinical practice in specialist centers and is likely to be soon commonplace in acute breast cancer management, especially for younger women. Yet the optimal way to deliver information about TFGT to younger women newly diagnosed with breast cancer is not known, particularly for those who were not suspected of having a hereditary breast cancer syndrome prior to their cancer diagnosis. Also, little is known about the behavioral and psychosocial impact or cost effectiveness of educating patients about TFGT. This trial aims to examine the impact and efficiency of two models of educating younger women newly diagnosed with breast cancer about genetic testing in order to provide evidence for a safe and effective future clinical pathway for this service.Design/methods: In this non-inferiority randomized controlled trial, 140 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer (aged less than 50 years) are being recruited from nine cancer centers in Australia. Eligible women with either a significant family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer or with other high risk features suggestive of a mutation detection rate of > 10% are invited by their surgeon prior to mastectomy or radiotherapy. After completing the first questionnaire, participants are randomized to receive either: (a) an educational pamphlet about genetic testing (intervention) or (b) a genetic counseling appointment at a family cancer center (standard care). Each participant is offered genetic testing for germline BRCA mutations. Decision-related and psychosocial outcomes are assessed over 12 months and include decisional conflict (primary outcome);uptake of bilateral mastectomy and/or risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy; cancer-specific- and general distress; family involvement in decision making; and decision regret. A process-oriented retrospective online survey will examine health professionals' attitudes toward TFGT; a health economic analysis will determine the cost effectiveness of the intervention.Discussion: This trial will provide crucial information about the impact, efficiency and cost effectiveness of an educational pamphlet designed to inform younger women newly diagnosed with breast cancer about genetic testing. Issues regarding implementation of the trial are discussed.Trial registration: The study is registered with the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Group (Registration no: ACTRN12610000502033). © 2012 Watts et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Pattison D.A.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
Westcott J.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
Lichtenstein M.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
Toh H.B.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
Nuclear Medicine Communications | Year: 2015
Background Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is caused by excessive hormone synthesis and release (AIT I), a destructive thyroiditis (AIT II), or a combination of both (AIT Ind). Although no gold-standard diagnostic test is available, technetium-99m sestamibi thyroid scintigraphy (99mTc-STS) has been previously reported to be an accurate tool for differentiating subtypes with important therapeutic implications. However, the information to guide reporting of 99mTc-STS is qualitative and highly subjective. This study aims to compare the interobserver reliability of 99mTc-STS before and after the use of quantitative thyroid-tobackground ratios (TBRs) displayed on a time-activity curve for differentiation of AIT subtypes. Methods A retrospective audit of Nuclear Medicine Departments at Royal Melbourne Hospital (Parkville, Victoria, Australia) and Cabrini Hospital (Malvern, Victoria, Australia) identified 15 consecutive 99mTc-STS studies performed for AIT. Four nuclear medicine physicians reported the studies according to previously established criteria (series 1). Quantitative TBR and estimated 'normal' range TBR were subsequently provided before the studies were reordered and reported again (series 2). Interobserver reliability was calculated using Fleiss' κ statistic for each assessment. Results The overall percentage of agreement (PoA) and κ statistics for use of conventional 99mTc-STS for diagnosis of AIT improved from 47 to 80% and from 0.30 to 0.67 following the use of quantitative TBR displayed on a time-activity curve with reference to a normal population. Interobserver reliability improved substantially under all diagnostic comparisons, particularly for differentiation of either AIT I (PoA 80% to 94%, κ: 0.48 to 0.84) or AIT Ind (PoA 47% to 82%, κ: -0.05 to 0.51) from other types of AIT. Conclusion Use of quantitative TBR improves the interobserver reliability of reporting 99mTc-STS for investigation of different types of AIT. There is 'almost perfect' agreement upon differentiation of AIT I from AIT II and AIT Ind, with important implications for rationalizing the use of corticosteroid therapy. Prospective identification of AIT Ind is improved from 'poor' to a 'moderate' level of agreement to facilitate rational use of combination therapy at diagnosis. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.