Ciet P.,Erasmus Medical Center |
Tiddens H.A.W.M.,Erasmus Medical Center |
Wielopolski P.A.,Erasmus Medical Center |
Wild J.M.,University of Sheffield |
And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Radiology | Year: 2015
Pediatric chest MRI is challenging. High-resolution scans of the lungs and airways are compromised by long imaging times, low lung proton density and motion. Low signal is a problem of normal lung. Lung abnormalities commonly cause increased signal intenstities. Among the most important factors for a successful MRI is patient cooperation, so the long acquisition times make patient preparation crucial. Children usually have problems with long breath-holds and with the concept of quiet breathing. Young children are even more challenging because of higher cardiac and respiratory rates giving motion blurring. For these reasons, CT has often been preferred over MRI for chest pediatric imaging. Despite its drawbacks, MRI also has advantages over CT, which justifies its further development and clinical use. The most important advantage is the absence of ionizing radiation, which allows frequent scanning for short- and long-term follow-up studies of chronic diseases. Moreover, MRI allows assessment of functional aspects of the chest, such as lung perfusion and ventilation, or airways and diaphragm mechanics. In this review, we describe the most common MRI acquisition techniques on the verge of clinical translation, their problems and the possible solutions to make chest MRI feasible in children. © 2015, The Author(s).
Forner G.,University of Padua |
Mengoli C.,University of Padua |
Fuser R.,Ca Foncello Regional Hospital |
Scotton P.G.,Ca Foncello Regional Hospital
Infezioni in Medicina | Year: 2010
Pulmonary nocardiosis is a rare respiratory infection whose diagnosis can easily be missed because there are no suggestive symptoms. Nocardiosis is typically regarded as an opportunistic infection, but one-third of infected patients are immunocompetent. We present two situations of pulmonary lesions in immunocompetent people. A CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy was performed in both cases but was not informative. Suppurative inflammation had developed as a complication of the procedure in the biopsy site after 1-2 weeks. Pus was aspirated and culture showed Nocardia spp. Therefore we hypothesize that the pulmonary lesion was caused initially by Nocardia which had subsequently disseminated to the chest wall after the biopsy. Treatment with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was undertaken. Resolution of the disease was evaluated according to the clinical symptoms and radiological resolution after 6 months therapy.
Scarpa M.,Veneto Institute of Oncology IOV IRCCS |
Ruffolo C.,Ca Foncello Regional Hospital |
Erroi F.,University of Padua |
Fiorot A.,Ca Foncello Regional Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014
Background: Several studies have demonstrated that obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), but few data are available regarding its role in multifocal disease and postoperative recurrence. The present study aimed to assess the role of obesity as a risk factor for multifocal disease and postoperative recurrence in patients with CRC. Patients and Methods: The records of 940 consecutive patients with CRC admitted to three surgical centres between January 2006 and January 2011 were retrospectively analysed. The 595 individuals whose preoperative body mass index (BMI) values were available were included in the study. Following WHO guidelines, the patients were stratified into four groups depending on their BMI values. Age at disease onset, clinical presentation, tumor invasiveness, the presence of multiple foci, and the colon cancer recurrence rate in the four groups were assessed and compared. Results: At multivariate analysis, diagnosis of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and a BMI>30 were found to be independent predictors of synchronous polyps (Odd Ratio [OR]=10.7, 95% Confidence interval (CI)=2-75, p=0.005; and OR=2.2, 95% CI=1.3-3.9, p=0.003, respectively). The cancer recurrence rate in the patients with stage 2 CRC was significantly higher in the obese with respect to the non-obese (p=0.05). At multivariate analysis, BMI>30, FAP, and positivity by the Bethesda criteria were found to be independent predictors of recurrence after CRC surgery. Conclusion: Obese patients diagnosed with CRC require thorough colonic exploration prior to surgery and necessitate more frequent postoperative endoscopic examinations with respect to patients without any risk factors.