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Mickaelian A.M.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union | Year: 2014

Markarian survey (or the First Byurakan Survey, FBS) was the first systematic survey for active galaxies and was a new method for search for such objects. Until now, it is the largest objective prism survey of the sky (17,000 deg2). It was carried out in 1965-1980 by B. E. Markarian and his colleagues and resulted in discovery of 1517 UV-excess (Markarian) galaxies. They contain many active galaxies, as well as powerful gamma-, X-ray, IR and radio sources (Mrk 180, 231, 421, 501, etc.), BCDGs (Mrk 116) and interacting/merging systems (Mrk 266, 273, etc.). They led to the classification of Seyfert galaxies into Sy1 and Sy2 and the definition of Starbursts (SB). Several catalogs of Markarian galaxies have been published (Mazzarella & Balzano 1986; Markarian et al. 1989; Bicay et al. 1995; Petrosian et al. 2007) and they are accessible in all corresponding databases. Markarian survey also served as a basis for search for UVX stellar objects (including QSOs and Seyferts), late-type stars and optical identification of IR sources. At present the survey is digitized and DFBS database is available. I will review the main characteristics of the Markarian survey, its comparison with other similar surveys and the importance of Markarian galaxies in modern astrophysics. Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014. Source


Harutyunian H.A.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union | Year: 2014

Influence of the dark energy at small scales is considered. Interaction and energy exchange between ordinary matter and dark energy is proposed as a working hypothesis. Some observational facts are put into the base of this consideration: the large rate of lunar retreat and the acceleration of cosmic expansion which proves the energy exchange between ordinary matter and dark energy. If the possibility of the space and matter expansion at the scales under consideration is accepted one can show that the dark energy transformed into the object's potential energy is enough to generate cluster of galaxies over the Hubble time due to matter ejection mechanism. Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014. Source


Abrahamyan H.V.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO | Mickaelian A.M.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO | Knyazyan A.V.,Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems
Astronomy and Computing | Year: 2015

Optical identifications of a few thousands of IRAS sources showed that IRAS Point Source and IRAS Faint Source catalogues (PSC and FSC, respectively) contain many quasars and active galactic nuclei, late-type stars, planetary nebulae, variables, etc. To increase the efficiency of using IRAS PSC and FSC, which contain a lot of common sources, one needs a joint catalogue of all IRAS point sources with improved data based on both catalogues. However, cross-correlation of the catalogues is not so easy, as the association of many sources is relative, and not always it is obvious, whose source from one catalogue corresponds to the other one in the second catalogue. This problem exists in case of using standard cross-correlation tools like VizieR. Therefore, we have created a tool for cross-matching astronomical catalogues and we have applied it to IRAS PSC and FSC. Using this tool we have carried out identifications with a search radius corresponding to 3 σ of errors for each source individually rather than a standard radius for all sources. As a result, we obtained 73,770 associations. We showed that in case of cross-correlation of these catalogues by VizieR, we had to take 161.95 arcseconds radius not to lose any association; however, in this case a lot of false associations appear for many sources. In addition, we have made cross-correlations with AKARI-IRC, AKARI-FIS and WISE catalogues. As a result we created a catalogue with high positional accuracy and with 17 photometric measurements from 1.25 to 160μm range, providing a detailed catalogue for IRAS point sources. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source


Abrahamyan H.V.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO | Mickaelian A.M.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union | Year: 2014

To search for variable radio sources, we used two well-known radio catalogs NVSS and FIRST, both providing fluxes at 1400 MHz. Cross-correlation enabled us to find 556,282 radio sources present in both catalogs. Using the 3σ criteria we distinguished 6,301 variable radio sources, and with certain limitations specified the 260 strongest radio variables. We cross-correlated these 260 sources with other catalogs at different wavelengths (APM, SDSS DR10, VCV-13, BZCAT, 2MASS, and WISE). As a result we obtained photometric data for optical, NIR, MIR and radio ranges for these 260 variable radio sources to study them in details. Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014. Source


Abrahamyan H.V.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO | Mickaelian A.M.,Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory BAO
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union | Year: 2014

To study the radio properties of AGN, we cross-correlate and investigate Veron-Cetty & Veron catalog of QSOs and Active Galaxies (v.13, 2010) with a number of radio catalogs: NVSS, FIRST, GB6, 87GB, SUMSS, WISH, WENSS, and 7C. This catalog contains 168,940 objects with positional accuracy of mostly 1 arcsec, though many positions have larger errors. We use new cross-correlation software based on accuracy of each object independently. In this software we take into account errors for each source and take identifications with errors within 3 sigma. Altogether, we find ∼16,000 AGN having radio detection in any of the listed catalogs. Using all data from radio catalogs, we derive a homogeneous sample of radio AGN. The sample allows accomplish several tasks, including study of the distribution of radio sources by activity types, differences in physical properties of radio-loud and radio-quiet AGN, luminosity functions for various types of radio AGN, study of the q parameter by AGN types and its evolution, etc. Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014. Source

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