Busia, Uganda
Busia, Uganda

Busitema University , is a university in Uganda. It is one of the eight public universities and degree-awarding institutions in the country. The list includes the following : 1. Makerere University 2. Uganda Management Institute 3. Mbarara University 4. Kyambogo University 5. Gulu University 6. Busitema University 7. Kigumba Petroleum Institute and 8. Muni University . Busitema University has as its focus, the instruction of agricultural science, agricultural mechanization and agribusiness. Wikipedia.

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Izudi J.,International Health Sciences University | Akwang G.D.,Uganda Christian University | Amongin D.,Busitema University
BMC Health Services Research | Year: 2017

Background: Globally, most maternal and newborn deaths are within the first week of delivery. Early postnatal-care (EPNC) visits between 2 and 7 days detects early morbidity and averts deaths. However, there is scarcity of information on use of EPNC in Mundri East County, South Sudan. This study investigated factors associated with EPNC use among postpartum mothers in Mundri East County, South Sudan. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study of 385 postpartum mothers from 13 health facilities. Data was collected by structured questionnaires, entered in EpiData and analyzed with STATA at 5% significance level. Chi-squared, Fisher's exact and Student's t-tests were used for bivariate analysis and logistic regression for multivariable analysis. Results: The mean age of respondents was 27.9-years (standard deviation: 6.7), 276 (71.7%) were below 30-years, 163 (42.3%) were Muru ethnicity, 340 (88.3%) were single and 331 (86.1%) were unemployed. 44 (11.4%; 95% CI: 8.4-15.0) used EPNC. Poor health services access at government health facilities (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.18; 95% CI: 0.05-0.61; P = 0.006), more than 1-h access to health facility (AOR = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.09-0.78; P = 0.015), at least secondary maternal education (AOR = 5.73; 95% CI: 1.14-28.74; P = 0.034) and receipt of PNC health education post-delivery (AOR = 3.47; 95% CI: 1.06-11.33; P = 0.004) were associated with EPNC use. Conclusions: Use of EPNC in Mundri East County, South Sudan was low. It was significantly reduced at government and inaccessible health facilities. However, it increased with receipt of PNC health education after delivery and at least secondary level of education. © 2017 The Author(s).

Kamalha E.,Donghua University | Kamalha E.,Busitema University | Zeng Y.,Donghua University | Mwasiagi J.I.,Donghua University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Sensory Studies | Year: 2013

For a clothing system, comfort is a fundamental necessity. In this paper, basic definitions and elements of clothing comfort and the general research trends were reviewed. In particular, understanding comfort of textile materials, its relevance to clothing choice and some assessment methods have been discussed. The impact of fabric and clothing attributes on clothing comfort was explored. Psychological, physical and physiological perceptions of clothing comfort were reviewed, including subjective and objective modes of assessment. A thorough discussion of handle comfort was presented, including assessment methods. Statistical presentations from selected comfort studies were also reviewed. Other sensory comfort properties particularly acoustic and appearance were also mentioned. From the aforementioned reviews, it was noted that the main focus for most researchers has been on sensorial and thermal comfort. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Rwawiire S.,Technical University of Liberec | Rwawiire S.,Busitema University | Tomkova B.,Technical University of Liberec
Journal of the Textile Institute | Year: 2014

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 2005 proclaimed that Ugandan barkcloth largely produced from mutuba tree (Ficus natalensis) as a "Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". An exploratory investigation of thermo-physiological and comfort properties of barkcloth, a nonwoven material produced through a series of pummeling processes from mutuba tree in Uganda, is fronted. Barkcloth was extracted from the F. natalensis tree in Nsangwa village, Buyijja parish in Mpigi district, Central Uganda. Thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, thermal absorptivity, thermal resistance, fabric thickness, and peak heat flow density were measured using an Alambeta device, whereas a Permetest device was used for the measurement of the moisture vapour permeability and evaporation resistance. The study was carried out under relative humidity of 40% and at a laboratory room temperature of 24°C and the results show that the thermal conductivity is in the range of cotton fabrics rendering barkcloth from F. natalensis, a comfortable fabric. The lower value of thermal absorptivity of barkcloth compared to the value of cotton renders the fabric a warm feeling when in contact with the skin. Barkcloth had a higher moisture vapor permeability compared to cotton and other fabrics, meaning its clothing comfort properties are reasonable. © 2013 © 2013 The Textile Institute.

Hodgson I.,International HIV AIDS Alliance | Nakiyemba A.,Busitema University | Seeley J.,University of East Anglia | Bitira D.,Alliance Uganda | Gitau-Mburu D.,International HIV AIDS Alliance
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2012

In recent years, Uganda has experienced rapid growth in networked groups of people living with HIV (PLHIV) who provide support, engage in advocacy, treatment and care and raise the profile of HIV in the public domain. This qualitative study focused the benefits of joining a networked group, relationships between groups, impact of networked groups on the community and shaping private and public experience living with HIV. Data were collected from two Ugandan districts, using semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs), observation and reviews of group records and archives. Respondents (n=46) were adults living with HIV, and members of rural and urban PLHIV groups. Narratives from PLHIV (n=27) were gathered, and records from PLHIV group service-registers (n=20) reviewed. Key Informants (n=15) were purposively selected for interview, based on participation in PLHIV groups, utilisation of network services and their positions as key stakeholders. FGDs were held with network support agents (NSAs), members of PLHIV groups, and their leaders. Following qualitative analysis, findings suggest that for respondents, PLHIV networks enhance the impact and effectiveness of individual groups: the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. For groups, being part of a wider network allows for diversity of service delivery, and well-defined roles for individuals to participate in community support and sensitisation, with a reduction in the experience of stigma. We conclude that networking PLHIV groups is an effective strategy for improving the quality and reach of community-based HIV services. Governments should be encouraged to support networks and include them in policy-making at the national level. Local and regional groups should explore further ways to collaborate and expand support to PLHIV in Uganda. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

An on-farm pollination experiment was conducted during the June-August and November-February blooming seasons of 2007 to 2008, in 30 small-scale coffee fields characterised by different habitat and vegetation types. The study was conducted in order to determine the best pollinator groups for coffee in Uganda and to collect relevant field information and determine the pollination efficiency of different bee species. Results indicate that across blooming seasons, coffee flowers were visited by 24-36 bee species. Hypotrigona gribodoi was the most frequent flower visitor, comprising over 60% of 5941 bee-visits recorded. Foraging rate and pollination speed varied among bee species. Solitary bees foraged on more flowers than social bees, but they spent less time per flower visited. Solitary bees visited more coffee trees and fields, but deposited less pollen, whereas social bees visited less trees and coffee fields in the landscape, but deposited more pollen on flowers. Fruit set was of 87%, 64% and 0.9%, respectively, in hand-cross pollination, open pollination and controlled-pollination treatments. Fruit abortion due to self-pollination was insignificant in this study. There was variability in pollination efficiency of different bee species. Pollination efficiency varied more significantly with sociality than with other bee functional traits and was not significantly influenced by tongue length and bee body size. Single-flower visits by social and solitary bees resulted in 89.7% and 68.14% fruit set, respectively. The most efficient bee species was Meliponula ferruginea (98.3%) followed by Meliponula nebulata (97.1%). Thus, very good pollinator species were wild social bees (mainly stingless bees) as opposed to honeybees and solitary bees that were previously reported to be the best pollinators of coffee in Panama and Indonesia. Morphological and anatomical characteristics of the bee pollen storage features may explain the difference in foraging behaviour activities and in pollination efficiency of social and solitary afrotropical bee species visiting lowland coffee in Uganda. In addition, pollination efficiency was influenced by land-use intensity, field management systems and habitat types found in the immediate surroundings of coffee fields, but not by coffee field size, coffee genotypes and mass blooming wild vegetation. It is recommended to farmers to adopt pollinator-friendly conservation and farming practices such as keeping an uncultivated portion (25%-30%) of their farms as pollinator reservoirs, protecting semi-natural habitats found in the vicinity of coffee fields, as well as promoting high on-farm tree cover to benefit a functionally diverse pollinator community. © 2014 Collegium Palynologicum Scandinavicum.

Munyuli M.B.T.,Busitema University
International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management | Year: 2013

A study was conducted in 26 sites on agricultural landscapes in Central Uganda to collect baseline information about important drivers of butterfly richness and abundance. Data were collected for 1 year (2006) using line transects walk-and-counts, fruit-bait traps and handnets sampling methods. A total of 57,439 individuals belonging to 331 species were collected. Totals of 127, 131 and 299 species were recorded in transect counts, banana-bait and handnets, respectively. Of the 57,439 individuals registered, 75%, 19% and 6% were recorded in transect counts, handnet and banana-bait trap, respectively. Butterfly abundance and species richness were significantly (p < 0.05) affected by climatic factors (rainfall, temperature) in previous years (2004 and 2005) and richness and abundance of wild nectaring plants. Butterfly species richness (not the abundance) decreased with land-use intensity (p < 0.05) and was positively related to the cover of semi-natural habitats. Both butterfly species richness and abundance declined sharply with forest distance. Nearby forest remnants and high cover of semi-natural habitats are thus important for conservation of butterflies in coffee-banana agroforestry systems and farmers should be encouraged to protect such resources. © 2013 © Taylor & Francis.

Munyuli T.,Busitema University
African Journal of Ecology | Year: 2012

Butterflies are believed to be important pollinators because they are nectar/pollen feeders of both wild and cultivated plant species occurring in natural and managed systems. However, there exist very little knowledge about their spatio-temporal distribution and diversity in agricultural systems of Sub-Sahara Africa and in Uganda. There are no protocols to monitor the status of good pollinator species in these systems. The main aim of this study was to collect baseline information about indicator species of butterfly community in coffee-banana farming systems of central Uganda. Data were collected for 1year (2006) using banana fruit-bait traps, transect walk-and-counts and hand-nets sampling methods. Indicator species of farmland habitats were identified using indicator value method. Species that emerged as significant (P<0.05) suitable indicators were Catopsilia florella, Junonia sophia, Bicyclus safitza, Acraea acerata, Eurema hecabe, Ypthima albida, Zizula hylax, Acraea ventura, Eurema brigitta, Neptidopsis ophione, Junonia eonone, Zizeeria kynsna, Cupidopsis cissus, Junonia chorimene and Acrae uvui. These ubiquitous species were recommended to monitoring programmes as indicator species of butterfly communities delivering pollination services to cultivated and wild plants in farmland environments of central Uganda. Transect count was proposed as the best sampling technique to monitor butterfly species that may be involved in successful pollination activities in farmlands. There is a need to develop strategies to protect linear and nonlinear natural and semi-natural habitats to offer sufficient refugia and breeding sites to butterflies inhabiting farmlands. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Munyuli T.,Busitema University | Munyuli T.,National Center for Research in Natural science
African Journal of Ecology | Year: 2011

In Uganda, information on visitation frequency of pollinator species visiting coffee flowers is absent, although such information is critical for the stability of coffee yield through the enhancement of pollination services. This study was conducted to understand the role played by local and environmental factors on the visitation intensity of coffee flowers by different bee species. Stepwise multiple regressions were used to investigate the effects of light intensity, distance to forest, foraging time of the day, coffee blooming season and abundance of coffee floral resources on the flower visitation frequency of different bee species. Results indicated contrasting responses of different bee species. The most important factors for social bees included forest distance, light intensity and the time of the day, whereas most determinant factors for solitary bee species were the length of the flowering season and the abundance of coffee floral resources. There is a need for developing habitat and landscape management strategies for the conservation of frequent native species in the vicinity of coffee fields to increase the delivery of pollination services to coffee. It is recommended to farmers to grow their coffee farms in the adjacent of forest habitats and related semi-natural habitats to receive high bee visitations. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

This study was conducted in 2006 in central Uganda to provide baseline data on relationships between bee community variables and local, climatic, landscape and regional drivers affecting bee community abundance and diversity in agricultural landscapes. Bee abundance and species richness increased significantly (P < 0.05) with increase in percent cover of semi-natural habitats and the abundance of wild and cultivated floral resources in the landscape. There were strong linear declines (P < 0.001) in bee species richness and abundance with cultivation intensity. Bee species richness declined very steeply with forest distance. Bee species richness and abundance were negatively affected by land-use intensity (P < 0.01). Bee species richness and abundance were strongly negatively correlated (P < 0.001) with increase in mean annual temperatures in the previous years than in current years indicating potential vulnerability of local bee species to future climate changes. The percent cover of semi-natural habitats and natural in the farmland predicted best the occurrence and distribution in central Uganda. It is therefore recommended to policy-makers and to farmers to invest in the protection of forest fragments (and related semi-natural habitats) acting as buffer in the mitigation of negative effects of climate change on bee biodiversity and pollination services delivery. © 2013 M. B. Théodore Munyuli.

Olupot-Olupot P.,Busitema University
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2015

Ebola virus disease is caused by a highly contagious and pathogenic threadlike RNA virus of the Filoviridae family. The index human case is usually a zoonosis that launches human-to-human transmission interface with varying levels of sustainability of the epidemic depending on the level of public health preparedness of the affected country and the Ebola virus strain. The disease affects all age groups in the population. Clinical diagnosis is challenging in index cases especially in the early stages of the disease when the presenting features are usually nonspecific and only similar to a flu-like illness. However, in the agonal stages, hemorrhage frequently occurs in a high proportion of cases. The diagnostic gold standard is by detecting the antigen using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Mortality rates in the past 28 outbreaks since 1976 have ranged from 30% to 100% in different settings among adults, but lower mortality rates have been documented in children. This review aims to describe Ebola virus infection, clinical presentation, diagnosis and outcomes in children. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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