Muller J.,Bavarian Forest National Park |
Muller J.,TU Munich |
Brandl R.,University of Marburg |
Buchner J.,Bavarian Forest National Park |
And 6 more authors.
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2013
For several decades, forest managers have considered the effects of logging on the habitat quality of forests for bats. Concern about bat activity above the canopy has now been raised owing to rapidly increasing demands for wind energy and the ensuing placement of wind turbines over forests. We investigated the little-explored vertical stratification of bat activity in forests at ten sites on ten nights using five simultaneous bat-call recorders placed from near ground up to above the canopy. The vegetation-free space at each recorder position was measured with terrestrial laser scanning. We predicted that (1) the activity of Pipistrellus, nyctaloids and the open-habitat foraging guild will increase in mature forests with increasing height above ground, independent of local vegetation density and temperature, and (2) the activity of Myotis and the edge-habitat-foraging guild will decrease with height but increase with local low vegetation density. Our generalized linear mixed model indicated that nyctaloids, Pipistrellus and open-habitat foragers were increasingly active in higher strata, independent of temperature and local vegetation density. Activity of Myotis and Pipistrellus species and the edge-habitat foragers was higher along interior edges of forests. The activity of single species in the above-canopy stratum could be explained well by their Europe-wide wind-turbine risk assessment. Thus, we conclude that open-habitat bat species and Pipistrellus species not only forage regularly in clearings or forest meadows, but also above the canopy of closed mature stands, behaviour that may put them at risk from turbines. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Geidezis L.,BUND Projektburo Grunes Band |
Bausch T.,Alpenforschungsinstitut GmbH |
Schiumprecht H.,Buro fur Okologische Studien
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2011
The Green Belt along the former inner-German border hosts high species richness and forms a unique, interconnected system of valuable habitats. It thus also offers high recreation value for people. The aim of the testing and development project titled 'The Green Belt Experience' was to achieve sustainable touristic development of the Green Belt in a 'nature-culturehistory' context. This approach boosts public awareness and regional value creation, thus enhancing acceptance for the preservation of this national heritage feature. The measures implemented initiated successful cooperation between nature conservation and tourism. The regions benefit greatly from this outcome. Furthermore, awareness of the Green Belt and support for its maintenance as an ecological network of national importance has increased substantially among local stakeholder groups and the general population.
Jaeschke A.,University of Bayreuth |
Bittner T.,LUBW Landesanstalt fur Umwelt |
Jentsch A.,University of Bayreuth |
Reineking B.,University of Bayreuth |
And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Climate change is expected to alter biotic interactions, and may lead to temporal and spatial mismatches of interacting species. Although the importance of interactions for climate change risk assessments is increasingly acknowledged in observational and experimental studies, biotic interactions are still rarely incorporated in species distribution models. We assessed the potential impacts of climate change on the obligate interaction between Aeshna viridis and its egg-laying plant Stratiotes aloides in Europe, based on an ensemble modelling technique. We compared three different approaches for incorporating biotic interactions in distribution models: (1) We separately modelled each species based on climatic information, and intersected the future range overlap ('overlap approach'). (2) We modelled the potential future distribution of A. viridis with the projected occurrence probability of S. aloides as further predictor in addition to climate ('explanatory variable approach'). (3) We calibrated the model of A. viridis in the current range of S. aloides and multiplied the future occurrence probabilities of both species ('reference area approach'). Subsequently, all approaches were compared to a single species model of A. viridis without interactions. All approaches projected a range expansion for A. viridis. Model performance on test data and amount of range gain differed depending on the biotic interaction approach. All interaction approaches yielded lower range gains (up to 667% lower) than the model without interaction. Regarding the contribution of algorithm and approach to the overall uncertainty, the main part of explained variation stems from the modelling algorithm, and only a small part is attributed to the modelling approach. The comparison of the no-interaction model with the three interaction approaches emphasizes the importance of including obligate biotic interactions in projective species distribution modelling. We recommend the use of the 'reference area approach' as this method allows a separation of the effect of climate and occurrence of host plant. © 2012 Jaeschke et al.
Update of the habitat type inventory of the German green belt with an emphasis on changes in open areas [Forschungs- und entwicklungsvorhaben aktualisierung der bestandsaufnahme grünes band mit schwerpunkt der veränderungen in den offenlandbereichen]
Geidezis L.,BUND Naturschutz in Bayern e.V. |
Schlumprecht H.,Buro fur okologische Studien |
Leitzbach D.,BUND Projektburo Grunes Band |
Frobel K.,BUND Naturschutz in Bayern e. V.
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2015
The ecological value of the German Green Belt, a 1,393 km long and 177 km2 large alignment of habitats extending along the former border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), is undisputed since the first habitat survey in 2001. In 2012 the Project Office Green Belt of Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND) conducted a new habitat inventory funded by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) to update recommendations for conservation, development and management actions. A common working base for all Green Belt stakeholders is now available. In 2012 146 habitat types were mapped. 63.6 % of the area belongs to habitat types listed as threatened or endangered in the German red data book. 87 % of the area can be ranked as not inhibiting ecological connectivity. Gaps cover 13 %, whereby 6.7 % is intensive grassland and 4.3 % arable land. About 28 % is protected by designation as statutory nature reserve and 64 % by designation under the EU Habitats Directive (Natura 2000). Altogether, 65.8 % of the German Green Belt is under protection (nature reserves, national parks or Natura 2000 sites). The German Federal Government and the governments of the Federal States are called upon to continue their efforts to preserve this ecological corridor, which is unique in Europe. The article presents recommendations to that end. © 2015 W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart.
Stapper N.J.,Buro fur Okologische Studien |
Franzen-Reuter I.,Kommission Reinhaltung der Luft im VDI und DIN
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft | Year: 2011
Epiphytic lichens with temperate mediterranean or subatlantic mediterranean distribution in Europe are used as indicator organisms for climate changes (abridged "climate change indicators") in the Düsseldorf area (Germany). The data presented in this study have been collected during several lichen mapping projects, in all of which the phorophytes were selected according to guideline VDI 3957 Part 13. The proportion of climate change indicators on the phorophytes' lichen species spectrum is used here as a measure of the climatic conditions at the tree location. It is highest along the Rhine valley and in areas with high annual precipitation close to the eastern boarder of the warmest parts of North Rhine-Westphalia, e.g. the Western slope of the Bergisches Land. In Düsseldorf and environs, between 2001 and 2010, frequency of climate change indicators has increased significantly.
Rieger A.,Munchener Strasse 63 |
Schmidberger G.,Helene Meyer Ring 7A |
Stelz V.,Schleissheimer Strasse 292 |
Muller J.,Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald |
Stratz C.,Buro fur okologische Studien
Waldokologie Online | Year: 2010
As part of the BIOKLIM Project, data was obtained for various groups of animals and plants, as well as for environmental factors. The following analysis concerns only the molluscs (Gastropoda, Bivalvia). Altitude, stand age, magnesium and pH values of soil were identified as main influencing variables for abundance of individuals, using quasi-Poisson models. The parameter "number of plant species" (VegRich) and management type also affect the species number. Individual species are influenced by very different factors, resulting partly from their highly specialized habitat requirements, so that their abundance can not always be described directly in terms of the measured and collated influencing variables. The mollusc-assemblages are determined most of all by altitude above sea level, temperature and light conditions (openness of canopy), as demonstrated using several different methods of statistical analysis.
Risk assessment of animal species of the EU habitats directive in view of climate change [Gefährdungsdisposition von FFH-Tierarten Deutschlands angesichts des Klimawandels : Eine vergleichende Sensitivitätsanalyse]
Schlumprecht H.,Buro fur Okologische Studien |
Bittner T.,University of Bayreuth |
Jaeschke A.,University of Bayreuth |
Jentsch A.,University of Koblenz-Landau |
And 2 more authors.
Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung | Year: 2010
Climate change presumably means greater vulnerability for many animal species of the Habitats Directive. This susceptibility was comparatively estimated for all German animal species of the Habitats Directive based on a uniform database of ecological traits using a uniform methodology. The estimated additional vulnerability was analysed with reference to the Red List status for Germany, the Annexes of the Habitats Directive, to species group and habitat constellation. The results show that endangerment increases in line with the Red List status. Species of Annex II are more endangered than species of Annex IV or V. Beetles are probably more vulnerable than other species groups. Species essentially requiring small structures (mainly butterflies, beetles) are additionally endangered, followed by species requiring aquatic habitats and surroundings or species found exclusively in aquatic habitats. Species which do not necessarily require unfragmented habitats but at least specific or limited habitat patches, or species with a large home range appear to be less vulnerable. The consequences for the conservation of species within Natura 2000 are discussed.