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Liu J.,Hangzhou Tea Research Institute | Xia B.,Hangzhou Tea Research Institute | Du X.,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zeng T.,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Applied Animal Research | Year: 2017

We investigated the effects of water supplemented with Bacillus subtilis and photosynthetic bacteria (PSB) on egg production, egg quality, serum immunoglobulins and digestive enzyme activities of Jinyun ducks. A total of 400 healthy Jinyun ducks (all aged 58 weeks) were randomly allotted to 5 treatments, with 4 replicates per treatment and 20 ducks in each replicate. The ducks were fed a standard diet for 15 days and the experimental diet for 54 days. Experimental design is as follows: negative-control group C1 was given no supplementation, control group C2 was given pool water (PW) with added PSB but not B. subtilis. Test groups T1, T2 and T3 were given the same amount of PSB in the PW and varying levels of B. subtilis in drinking water. Results suggest that PSB combined with B. subtilis had beneficial effects on the laying rate, feed-to-egg ratio, serum IgG, egg quality, especially in albumen height and Haugh unit. Additionally, PSB alone can increase the yolk-to-egg ratio, albumen height and Haugh unit. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Gu Z.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Yang S.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Yang S.,Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science | Leng J.,Yunnan Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science | Year: 2016

Shade shelter is widely used to reduce heat load for farm animals, but little research focus on the cooling effects for Dehong buffalo calves. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the impacts of shade cooling on the physiological and behavioural parameters for Dehong buffalo calves. Shade with 99% blockage of solar radiation was covered on steel frame with a 2.5. m height above the loafing area floor (shaded). The loafing area of the control group was the same as the shaded group, apart from no shade shelter above the loafing area (non-shaded). Twenty-four Dehong buffalo calves were randomly and averagely allocated to the non-shaded and shaded groups. Six Dehong buffalo calves were loose housed in a barn, and they had access to loafing area. The results showed that the average daily air temperature of the loafing area under shade was lower 1.5. °C than that of the loafing area without shade shelter. No difference in rectal temperature was found between the non-shaded and shaded calves (P >. 0.05), but respiration rate of the non-shaded group in noon (12:00. h, 31.6 breaths) and evening (18:00. h, 28.5 breaths) was greater than for calves in shaded group (26.1 and 25.3 breaths, respectively) (P <. 0.05). When ambient temperature exceeded 30. °C, shaded calves spent much of their time (21.7%) lying in the loafing area, and no calf in non-shaded group preferred to lie in the loafing area with strong solar radiation (P <. 0.05). The use of shade for calves was affected by thermal environment, and the use of shade was greater (41.4%) in hot weather (above 30. °C) than that of the warm weather (22-29. °C) (P <. 0.05). In conclusion, the provision of shade above the loafing area is conducive to improving thermal environment for Dehong buffalo calves in subtropical area characterised with high ambient temperature coupled with high humidity in summer. © 2016.

PubMed | CAS Institute of Zoology, Natural Resources Institute Finland Luke, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation science and Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Horns are a cranial appendage found exclusively in Bovidae, and play important roles in accessing resources and mates. In sheep (Ovies aries), horns vary from polled to six-horned, and human have been selecting polled animals in farming and breeding. Here, we conducted a genome-wide association study on 24 two-horned versus 22 four-horned phenotypes in a native Chinese breed of Sishui Fur sheep. Together with linkage disequilibrium (LD) analyses and haplotype-based association tests, we identified a genomic region comprising 132.0-133.1 Mb on chromosome 2 that contained the top 10 SNPs (including 4 significant SNPs) and 5 most significant haplotypes associated with the polycerate phenotype. In humans and mice, this genomic region contains the HOXD gene cluster and adjacent functional genes EVX2 and KIAA1715, which have a close association with the formation of limbs and genital buds. Our results provide new insights into the genetic basis underlying variable numbers of horns and represent a new resource for use in sheep genetics and breeding.

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