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Baris I.,Koc University | Etlik O.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories | Koksal V.,Izmir University | Ocak Z.,Abant Izzet Baysal University | Baris S.T.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping is widely used in genetic association studies to characterize genetic factors underlying inherited traits. Despite many recent advances in high-throughput SNP genotyping, inexpensive and flexible methods with reasonable throughput levels are still needed. Real-time PCR methods for discovering and genotyping SNPs are becoming increasingly important in various fields of biology. In this study, we introduce a new, single-tube strategy that combines the tetra-primer ARMS PCR assay, SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR, and melting-point analysis with primer design strategies to detect the SNP of interest. This assay, T-Plex real-time PCR, is based on the Tm discrimination of the amplified allele-specific amplicons in a single tube. The specificity, sensitivity, and robustness of the assay were evaluated for common mutations in the FV, PII, MTHFR, and FGFR3 genes. We believe that T-Plex real-time PCR would be a useful alternative for either individual genotyping requests or large epidemiological studies. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Baris I.,Koc University | Etlik O.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories | Koksal V.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories | Arican-Baris S.T.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories
Molecular and Cellular Probes | Year: 2010

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the leading genetic cause of death in childhood, is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness, associated with deletions of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Approximately 94% of SMA patients carry homologous deletions of SMN1 exon(s) 7 (and 8). Because of the high incidence and severity of the disease, precise detection and quantification of SMN1 and SMN2 gene copy numbers is essential for diagnosis and genetic counseling. We have developed a reliable single-tube tetra-primer PCR assay to simultaneously detect both the SMN1 and SMN2 exon 7 deletion using the advantage of C/T difference at nucleotide position of 840 in exon 7. The assay has been optimized and tested in 48 healthy controls, 20 known patients with SMA, 12 carriers (one SMN1 copy), and 8 amniotic fluids suspected of having SMA for whom we had determined the SMN1/. SMN2 deletion by an additional PCR-RFLP method. We have observed complete concordance between methods. Our tetra-primer PCR assay is sensitive, low-cost, and easy to use method for simultaneous detection of both SMN1 and SMN2 deletion, which could be used even in " low-tech" laboratories. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Etlik O.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories | Koksal V.,Izmir University | Arican-Baris S.T.,BURC Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories | Baris I.,Koc University
Molecular and Cellular Probes | Year: 2011

The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping is currently considered as a particularly valuable tool for the diagnosis of different pathologies. For this reason, over the past several years a great deal of effort has been devoted to developing accurate, rapid, and cost-effective technologies for SNP analysis. Although a large number of distinct approaches has been reported each laboratory use one of the published methods based on their technical and economical capacity. This article presents an application of an in-house assay, tetra-primer ARMS PCR assay, and its application in SNP genotyping. We have shown that this assay could be more advantageous when compared with PCR-RFLP, real time PCR, and DNA sequencing. We have shown that the assay is successful in genotyping using archived paraffin-embedded tissues, heparinated samples and amniotic fluids with meconium. These low-costed (3$/reaction) assays could be completed within 3-4 h after specimen receipt allowing for a reasonable turn-around time in the laboratory. Since tetra-primer ARMS PCR assay does not require any special equipment, the assay could be set up in most clinical diagnostic laboratories. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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