Bunkyo-ku, Japan

Bunkyo Gakuin University

Bunkyo-ku, Japan

Bunkyo Gakuin University is a coeducational university located in Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan, near the University of Tokyo. Bunkyo Gakuin University was founded in April 1991 in Kamekubo, Ōimachi, Iruma, Saitama by Ishiko Shimada. In 2001, it opened the Faculty of Foreign Studies on what had been the Tokyo campus of Bunkyo Women's College . There is another campus located northwest of Tokyo in Fujimino, Saitama. The university was originally called Bunkyo Women's University . It was renamed Bunkyo Gakuin University in 2002 and became coeducational in 2005. The current president of Bunkyo University is Akiko Shimada. One of the unique features of the university is its "Chat Lounge", where students can practice their conversational language skills free of charge. Two "chat partners" staff the English facility from Monday to Friday. The Chinese Chat Lounge space, staffed by one native Chinese speaker, is located next to the English Chat Lounge space and open in the afternoon. The university also has three student dormitories in Hongo, Nishikata, and Fujimino, a dormitory for foreign exchange students next to the Hongo campus, a junior and senior girls' high school in Komagome, Tokyo, and a kindergarten across the street from the Hongo campus. Bunkyo Gakuin University celebrated its 85th anniversary in 2009. Wikipedia.

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Ando S.,Tokyo Metropolitan University | Ando S.,Bunkyo Gakuin University | Ando S.,Soka Royal Care Center
Proceedings of the Japan Academy Series B: Physical and Biological Sciences | Year: 2012

The author focused on the functional decline of synapses in the brain with aging to understand the underlying mechanisms and to ameliorate the deficits. The first attempt was to unravel the neuronal functions of gangliosides so that gangliosides could be used for enhancing synaptic activity. The second attempt was to elicit the neuronal plasticity in aged animals through enriched environmental stimulation and nutritional intervention. Environmental stimuli were revealed neurochemically and morphologically to develop synapses leading to enhanced cognitive function. Dietary restriction as a nutritional intervention restored the altered metabolism of neuronal membranes with aging, providing a possible explanation for the longevity effect of dietary restriction. These results obtained with aging and dementia models of animals would benefit aged people. © 2012 The Japan Academy.

Tsutomu F.,Bunkyo Gakuin University
Rigakuryoho Kagaku | Year: 2017

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of foot angle on rotation of the lower extremity while descending stairs. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen subjects participated in this study. Subjects stepped down from a 20-cm platform under 5 foot angle conditions with contact of their right leg: neutral, toe-out of 5 and 10°, and toe-in of 5 and 10°. Rotation of the lower extremity was measured with triaxial accelerometers from the start of ankle dorsiflexion to maximum dorsiflexion. [Results] No significant differences were found among the conditions in knee angle. However, the external rotation angles of the thigh under the toe-in condition were significantly smaller than that of toe-out of 10°, and internal rotation of the knee was also smaller. [Conclusion] In descent of stairs with toe-out, rotation of the thigh is restricted, and this becomes a factor affecting overloading of the knee, suggesting that not only the activity of the foot, but also thigh rotation and knee function are important. © 2001, Society of Physical Therapy Science (Rigaku Ryoho Kagakugakkai). All rights reserved.

Izawa S.,Japanese National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health | Sugaya N.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Kimura K.,Kwansei Gakuin University | Ogawa N.,Waseda University | And 6 more authors.
Biological Psychology | Year: 2013

Although interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been investigated frequently in stress research, knowledge regarding the biological processes of IL-6 in association with psychosocial stress remains incomplete. This study focused on salivary IL-6 and reports its temporal variation and biological correlates following acute psychosocial stress. Fifty healthy young adults (39 male and 11 female students) were subjected to the psychosocial stress test 'Trier Social Stress Test' (TSST), wherein the participants were asked to deliver a speech and perform a mental arithmetic task in front of 2 audiences. Collection of saliva samples, measurement of heart rate, and assessment of negative moods by visual analogue scales were conducted before, during, and after TSST. Salivary IL-6 levels increased by approximately 50% in response to the TSST and remained elevated for 20. min after the stress tasks were completed. Cluster analyses revealed that individuals with sustained elevation of IL-6 levels following the TSST exhibited a lower cortisol response compared to indivwith lower IL-6 levels. In the correlation analyses, a greater IL-6 response was associated with a higher heart rate during the mental arithmetic task (r=351, p<.05) and with a lower cortisol response (r=.302, p<.05). This study demonstrates that salivary IL-6 levels are elevated for a relatively long period following acute psychosocial stress, and suggests that sympathetic activity and cortisol secretion are involved in elevation of salivary IL-6 levels. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Kamijo F.,Bunkyo Gakuin University | Yamamoto S.,International University of Health and Welfare
Rigakuryoho Kagaku | Year: 2016

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the trunk impairment scale (TIS), an evaluation of trunk function, and gait. [Subjects] The participants were fourteen hemiplegic men. [Methods] Trunk movement of the gait was measured using a 3D-motion analysis system and the trunk function was evaluated by TIS. [Results] A significant relationship was found between the angle of the trunk in the terminal stance of gait and TIS. In particular, there was a correlation between the rotation angle of the middle of the trunk and the dynamic and coordination items of TIS. [Conclusion] These results suggest that TIS is an adequate evaluation tool of trunk movement, especially rotation of the trunk, in the terminal stance phase of hemiplegic patients’ gait. © 2016, Society of Physical Therapy Science (Rigaku Ryoho Kagakugakkai). All rights reserved.

Shobo A.,Bunkyo Gakuin University | Kakizaki F.,Bunkyo Gakuin University
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2016

[Purpose] Some patients with respiratory disease exhibit asymmetrical movement of the thorax. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of thoracic configuration with changes in thoracic volume in 13 sedentary healthy men. [Subjects and Methods] In upright sitting, 84 reflective markers were placed on the anterior and posterior aspects of the trunk to record thoracic volume during quiet and volitional deep breathing. Using a three-dimensional motion analyzer, the difference in volume within the upper and lower hemithoraces was measured. For calculation of the thoracic volume six imaginary hexahedra were visualized for the upper and lower thorax using four reflective markers for each on the anterior and posterior aspects of the thorax. Each hexahedron was then divided into three imaginary triangular pyramids to calculate positional vectors. Finally, the volume for both the hexahedra and triangular pyramids was calculated. Four thoracic volumes were obtained. [Results] The findings showed that the left upper and right lower hemithorax yielded significantly larger thoracic volumes. [Conclusion] In conclusion the left upper and right lower hemithoraces were found to expand more than their corresponding sides. Understanding the characteristics of thoracic excursion during quiet and volitional deep breathing could be of value in assessment and instruction of breathing techniques to patients. © 2016 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.

Takeshima Y.,Bunkyo Gakuin University | Gyoba J.,Tohoku University
Experimental Brain Research | Year: 2016

Emotional processing that occurs partially in advance of perceptual processing is known as pre-perceptual emotional processing. The facilitation of sensory processing due to pre-perceptual emotional processing can be observed in visual search and attentional blink tasks. However, previous event-related potential studies have suggested that pre-perceptual emotional processing affects the lower-order range of sensory processing, which differs from the processing involved in visual search and attentional blink tasks. Therefore, we investigated the facilitation of earlier visual processing due to pre-perceptual emotional processing using simple geometric shapes. We found that the target detection sensitivity for a negative emotional stimulus was higher than that for a neutral stimulus. Moreover, this higher sensitivity was not attributed to attentional bias within the visual field or to object novelty. These results suggest that negative emotion induced by simple geometric shapes facilitates visual target detection due to pre-perceptual emotional processing. Furthermore, it was suggested that the facilitation of visual perception by pre-perceptual processing occurs at various stages, from early to later stage. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Kimura K.,Kwansei Gakuin University | Izawa S.,Japanese National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health | Sugaya N.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Ogawa N.,Waseda University | And 6 more authors.
Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2013

Organisms prefer to receive rewards sooner rather than later because they excessively discount the subjective value of future rewards, a phenomenon called delay discounting. Recent studies have reported an association between cortisol-which is secreted by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis-and delay discounting. However, no study has examined whether acutely induced psychosocial stress modulates delay discounting. Thus, the present study examined the effect of acute psychosocial stress and its hormonal and inflammatory correlates on the rate of delay discounting. To accomplish this purpose, we assessed the participants' discounting rates using the questionnaire version with inter-temporal choice before and after an acute psychosocial stress task (the Trier Social Stress Test; TSST). The results demonstrated that TSST increased rates of delay discounting in only cortisol responders (not in non-responders), indicating the possible influence of the pathway from the HPA axis to the dopaminergic systems under acute stress. Furthermore, the findings of correlation analysis indicated a U-shaped relationship between baseline level of C-reactive protein and delay discounting rate, suggesting a complex relationship between inflammatory markers and delay discounting rate. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

This article examines the unique roles of NGOs with special attention to the changing socio-political contexts of NGOs in terms of their partnerships with Rights-Holder Organizations (RHOs), which claim the rights of particular groups of excluded population. It reviews an example of the NGO working with RHOs in Nepal. NGO relationships with RHOs are delicate and not always equitable due to their different backgrounds and expertise. NGOs, comprising mostly people who are not members of the rights-holding groups, use their expertise to work for others over fixed periods, whilst RHOs work for their own constituencies through movements. Until the 1990s, NGOs supported so-called 'beneficiaries' who were members of excluded groups whose rights were being denied. Today, RHOs are formed directly by excluded groups. Some NGOs are trying to change their role to become promoters for RHOs, whilst others remain as their proxies, which merely creates an extra layer between RHOs and donors. The article attempts to prove that building equitable relationships between NGOs and RHOs is possible if NGOs have professionalism, expertise in capacity development and a readiness to become more inclusive. Though there are still several challenges ahead, such efforts by NGOs make it possible to change funding flows for RHOs and contribute to inclusive aid. © 2010 International Society for Third-Sector Research and The John's Hopkins University.

Kawakami Y.,Bunkyo Gakuin University
Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology | Year: 2013

Randall's plaque theory is regarded as the most plausible mechanism of urinary stone formation; however, we speculated that urine proteins are necessarily involved in the process of stone formation. We focused on alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT), a protein verified to be present in urinary calculi, and which is considered as a protein of inflammation, comparing its presence in healthy subjects and patients with urolithiasis. Quantitative analysis of alpha1-AT was performed with ELISA, whereas qualitative analysis was performed with SDS PAGE, two-dimensional electrophoresis, and western blotting. The results revealed a molecular heterogeneity in alpha1-AT, which can be classified into four patterns, a concentration-independent difference in alpha1-AT molecules found in the urine of patients and healthy subjects. A wider distribution of protein isoelectric points was found in urolithiasis (3.0-8.0) than in healthy subjects (4.0-5.0). We suggest that this new finding with molecular heterogeneity was due to the urolithiasis.

Nakayama A.,Bunkyo Gakuin University
Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology | Year: 2011

We examined the relationship between oxidative damage and molecular instability of urinary albumin in the urine of patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). As measure of oxidation, we detected the free thiol group at Cys34 in albumin (albumin-Cys34) using maleimide-PEG2-biotin reagent; because decreased levels of albumin-Cys34 are correlated with increased oxidation. The urine albumin-Cys34 level in all 30 patients with IgAN was decreased to varying extents. No correlations were found between urinary albumin/creatinine ratio and decreased urinary albumin-Cys34 level. Furthermore, decreases in urinary albumin-Cys34 were not accompanied by changes in serum albumin-Cys34. In diagonal-two-dimensional SDS PAGE analysis which reveals reduction-induced degradation of H2O2-treated human serum albumin, a similar pattern of albumin degradation was also detected in urine samples from patients with IgAN, indicating that structural alterations resulting from oxidative stress may be involved. Our findings suggest that redox state, in addition to urinary albumin concentration, may be an important indicator of post-translational modification and a potentially useful predictor of the kidney disease.

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