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Shoyama S.,Nagasaki University | Shoyama S.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | Aoki H.,Fukuoka Jo Gakuin Nursing College | Aoki H.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses | Year: 2014

A survey involving 394 outpatients was conducted to examine their impressions of medical uniforms in different colors. Staff of a dental clinic were asked to wear scrubs in eight colors and white pants. (1) Of the eight samples, the largest number of patients considered the light red-purple scrubs as "very favorable" or "favorable", followed by the white scrubs. There was no difference in the favorability between gender and age groups. (2) No relationship was noted between patients? anxiety over illness and their favorable impression of each sample. (3) A factor analysis extracted four factors: "kindness/comfort", "trust/responsibility", "activeness", and "design". In a given color, the higher the brightness, the higher the score for "kindness /comfort". The score for "trust/responsibility" (the second factor) was high when the scrubs were purple-blue, green, or a cold or similar color , and the score was low when scrubs in a warm or similar color, including red-purple and yellow-red, scrubs were worn. © 2014, Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses. All rights reserved.


Shoyama S.,Nagasaki University | Shoyama S.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | Aoki H.,Fukuoka Jo Gakuin Nursing College | Aoki H.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses | Year: 2013

In recent years, the design of nursing uniforms, employing a variety of colors and patterns, has placed emphasis on their impression of being the least intimidating and forbidding to patients as well as their functionality and hygiene. The present study, including a survey of 469 hospitals nationwide, aimed to identify the optimal design of nursing uniforms for both patients and nurses, focusing on nursing uniforms as a medium of expression. A total of 87.8% of the surveyed hospitals had nursing uniforms, and 89.5% viewed them as one of the elements that add to the appeal of a hospital. "Combination of a white tunic and pants" and "white one-piece type" were the most common uniforms. When adopting new uniforms, 90.3% of the hospitals incorporated the opinions of nurses, selecting opaque, stretch material with a soft texture and a combination of tunic tops of appropriate length and pants so that they could move freely. Whereas some hospitals favored white, which conveys an image of cleanliness and reliability, others chose subtle, warm, and soft non-white colors; opinions were divided over the color of white. A total of 65.7% of the hospitals were planning to introduce new nursing uniforms. Based on the results of the current study it is important to select designs and colors that help reduce patients' anxiety and strain while presenting an image of trust and cleanliness.


Shoyama S.,Nagasaki University | Shoyama S.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | Aoki H.,Fukuoka Jo Gakuin Nursing College | Aoki H.,Bunka Fashion Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-Uses | Year: 2013

A survey was conducted to examine the images of nursing uniforms, involving patients (patient group), nurses and dental hygienists (hospital group). The present study focused on differences in their impressions of six types of uniform worn by nurses and dental hygienists. (1) The combination of a flower-patterned tunic and white pants was favored by both patient and hospital groups. However the combination of dark-redpurple scrub and white pants was considered inappropriate by both groups, especially patients concerned over their disorders and treatment. (2) Factor analyses were conducted on the two groups' impressions of the six types of uniform. The results were as follows: "compassion", "trust/responsibility", " aggressiveness", and "activeness" were extracted in the patient group, and "compassion", "trust/responsibility", "activeness", and "sophistication" in the hospital group. The factor score for "compassion" was high in "flower-patterned tunics and scrubs", and the score for "trust/responsibility" was high in "the white one-piece type and the combination of a white tunic and white pants". As people have different impressions of nursing uniforms depending on their style and color, it is important to pay attention to the designs when a selection is made. © 2013 Jpn.Res.Assn.Text.End-Uses.

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