Outbreak management of measles: Requirement for official measures in light of the judgment of the Supreme Court [Ausbruchsmanagement von Masern: Anforderungen an das behördliche Handeln im Lichte höchstrichterlicher Rechtsprechung]
Hohl N.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit |
Siewerin C.,Niedersachsisches Ministerium Fur Soziales |
Feil F.,Niedersachsisches Ministerium Fur Soziales
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz | Year: 2013
Measles outbreaks can be limited by consistent and timely management by the public health service. The aim of investigating outbreaks in the process of measles elimination is to prevent regional and also international spreading of the disease. The management of outbreaks is even more promising when the immunization coverage is already high. People without immunization can transmit the disease when they have taken contracted the measles virus. Hence, unvaccinated people are the focus of preventive measures according to the Protection Against Infection Act (Infektionsschutzgesetz). A judgment of the Federal Administrative Court of 22 March 2012 stated that individuals suspected of being contagious may be subject to a temporary prohibition of attending school so as to prevent the spread of a communicable disease. The court also pointed out which requirements are to be met by authorities before these measures are carried out. In compliance with the judgment, an outbreak investigation is thus also possible in future incidences of measles. The authority has to prove in each case that an unvaccinated person is suspected of being contagious. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Healthcare policy at the EU level: Strategies for action of the European Commissionexemplified by patient safety [Gesundheitspolitik auf EU-Ebene: Handlungsstrategien der Europäischen Kommission am Beispiel Patientensicherheit]
Barth S.,Arztekammer Berlin |
Godschalk B.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit |
Jonitz G.,Arztekammer Berlin
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz | Year: 2014
Patient safety is an important issue in European healthcare policy. Given the fact that healthcare falls within the competence of the EU Member States, this paper highlights the capabilities of the European Commission to promote patient safety. The potential added value for the topic that can arise at the EU level is critically discussed. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Nadash P.,University of Massachusetts Boston |
Doty P.,Health-U |
Mahoney K.J.,Boston College |
Von Schwanenflugel M.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit
Health Services Research | Year: 2012
Objective To uncover lessons from abroad for Community Living Assistance Services and Supports (CLASS), a federally run voluntary public long-term care (LTC) insurance program created under the Accountable Care Act of 2010. Data Sources Program administrators and policy researchers from Austria, England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands. Study Design Qualitative methods focused on key parameters of cash for care: how programs set benefit levels; project expenditures; control administrative costs; regulate the use of benefits; and protect workers. Data Collection/Extraction Methods Structured discussions were conducted during an international conference of LTC experts, followed by personal meetings and individual correspondence. Principal Findings Germany's self-financing mandate and tight targeting of benefits have resulted in a solvent program with low premiums. Black markets for care are likely in the absence of regulation; France addresses this via a unique system ensuing legal payment of workers. Conclusions Programs in the five countries studied have lessons, both positive and negative, relevant to CLASS design. © Health Research and Educational Trust.
Schubl E.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit |
Vojir F.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit
Ernahrung | Year: 2012
120 years ago several scientists in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire started to work on a Codex Alimentarius Austriacus upon their personal private initiative. From this beginning and through eventful historical developments a statutory body, the Codex Commission, came into being which has been responsible for editing the 'Austrian Food Code'. The tasks of the Codex Commission are on the one hand advising the minister responsible for questions concerning food and food control and on the other hand serving as a panel for balancing the interests of the different stakeholder groups interested in any aspects from food production to consumer protection. The 'Austrian Food Code' is classified from a legal point of view as an 'objectified expert opinion'. However, it is not a piece of legislation in the true sense of the term. Over the years and as far as it concerned the work focus of the Codex Commission it has undergone several modifications in its focus. While in the beginning the emphasis was laid on the Codex being the basis of objective and comprehensible investigations, and expert opinions on food and consumer goods by food experts, the task of defining rules on whether a product was fit for placing on the national or international market was added later. If for a long time safety aspects were at the centre of attention, recent developments have led to increased interest in interpretations with regard to protection from consumer deception. Latest developments added nutrition as a further focus of Codex activities.
Dr. Hans Frenzel - A successful visionary (Codex Alimentarius Europaeus, Worldwide Codex Alimentarius) [Dr. Hans Frenzel - Ein erfolgreicher Visionär (Codex Alimentarius Europaeus, Weltweiter Codex Alimentarius)]
Vojir F.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit |
Schubl E.,Bundesministerium fur Gesundheit
Ernahrung | Year: 2012
Dr. Hans Frenzel was a public figure in Austria who had significant influence on the development of the European Codex Alimentarius and furthermore on the development of the worldwide Codex Alimentarius. Before World War II he was director of the official market control of Linz. After the war he became minister for public alimentation and later on president of the Austrian court of auditors while also serving as member of the Austrian Codex Commission and later on chairing the commission. During his chairmanship he developed the idea of creating a European Codex Alimentarius Commission and put it into practice with the consent of the European states by installing the European Council of the Codex Alimentarius Europaeus in 1958 to which he was elected chair. Following the idea of the Austrian Codex, the rapidly developing regional Codex for Europe was, among other things, decisive for the intensified efforts undertaken by FAO and WHO in realising their goal of a worldwide codex. In 1963, when the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission became established the European Council of the Codex Alimentarius Europaeus was integrated in the Codex Alimentarius Commission as coordinating committee for Europe. Although elected chair of this regional group for Europe in 1965, Frenzel unfortunately was not able to perform this function for health reasons. He died in August 1966.