Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 3.33M | Year: 2015
In this proposal we describe a timely and disruptive solution to the long-standing and vexing problem of the rapid stand-off detection of explosive, toxic or otherwise hazardous materials which are present within potential- or post-terrorist attack or industrial accident sites. We will achieve this by realising highly sensitive, state-of-the-art handheld and tripod-mounted instruments based upon active hyperspectral imaging and detection. These will exploit the deep infrared molecular fingerprint waveband region, where these hazardous compounds exhibit their strongest and most distinctive optical absorption features. Crucially, by keeping our goal fixed on the needs of the end-user, we will realise high-TRL devices which are cost-effective, lightweight and highly utile. Within the lifetime of this project, these will ready for evaluation in end-use scenarios (as opposed to mere laboratory-based demonstration). Our consortium is uniquely placed to prosecute this programme as is it comprises world leading workers in every technology upon which this solution depends, from quantum-cascade laser source, MEMS and detector growth expertise to advanced imaging, signals processing and device integration. One refined, the technology we will pioneer will be evaluated by civil security partners who will implement them in a number of likely end-use scenarios, thus proving the potency and utility of our technology.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.1.3-2 | Award Amount: 4.83M | Year: 2012
The objective with the HYPERION project is to develop and test a system concept for the on-site forensic analysis of an explosion. The forensic tools and procedures used will in majority be at safe stand-off detection distances. This will also include tools for identification of unexploded IEDs. The on-site data provided by the HYPERION system will be the type and amount of explosive used in the attack, the point of origin of the detonation and an assessment of the type of IED. The crime scene will be mapped using 3D-registration and in the map the positions that have been analysed in detail will be marked. The forensic tools and data will be of a quality that can be used as evidence in a court of law. The quality assured data will be on-site electronically documented and sent to the police instantaneously at the crime scene. At a crime scene, due to the detonation of an IED, police, ambulance, fire brigade and the crime scene unit are parties that must be present. The first measures taken at a crime scene due to a detonation of an IED are the initiation of rescue actions. In parallel to the rescue actions the HYPERION system can be used. This includes the collection of forensic data and risk assessment of suspected unexploded IEDs using stand-off detection of the post-blast scene. After the rescue operations, all of the forensic tools of HYPERION can be used in order to investigate the type and amount of explosive used in the attack. In combination with the 3D registration of the crime scene a reverse-event analysis can be performed giving the size of the charge and point of origin for the detonation. After the crime scene area has been secured, the laboratory forensic sampling and analysis can be started. New and validated sampling protocols will be developed. The crime scene is finally left to the rescue leader for clearing up the area. The consortium consists of four research organisations, three industries, two SMEs and three end users.
Elstner J.,Bundeskriminalamt |
Roeloffs M.,Netherlands Forensic Institute
Digital Investigation | Year: 2016
Today many investigations involve TomTom devices due to the wide-spread use of these navigation systems. The process of acquiring a memory dump from the first generation of TomTom devices was relatively easy by utilising the USB-connection and standard forensic tools. Newer devices, however, do not provide this or any other readily available data connection, making the task much more complex. In addition to existing and relatively complex chip-extraction procedures, an easier data acquisition method was developed without the need to de-solder flash memory chips. The presence of new files and the differences in data formats found in these devices meant that new methods of data analysis and decoding also needed to be developed. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Forensic Science International | Year: 2012
The identification of fired bullets and spent cartridge cases is one of the key tasks of forensic science. The traditional comparison of signatures on specimen with a large collection with only a microscope is a very tedious and time-consuming work. Fortunately, electronic systems for performing a pre-selection have been invented since the last 25 years. On the basis of an expansive database the electronic comparison system used by the BKA, Germany, is evaluated and a mathematical value is proposed to rate the correlation quality. This effectiveness criterion can be valuable to give an objective assessment of different electronic comparison systems. Additionally, the applicability of the system on different calibres and land engraved area (LEA) width is discussed. The so called scores are also on disposition and their benefit to a decision-making is debated. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2009-4.2-01;SEC-2009-4.3-03 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2010
An information management and decision support system for improved disaster victim identification (DVI) will be developed for crisis management. The system will speed up the correct identification of the injured and dead following disasters with multi-national victims Training methods for optimal DVI with the system will also be developed. The computer supported methodology will consist of a system to be used world wide which will provide automatic matching between missing persons and those discovered injured or dead. An expert will however still make the final confirmation given the seriousness of this task. The system and training methods will incorporate full consideration of different national, religious and cultural considerations of how to deal with the injured and dead as well as how best to name different identifiers used to match missing and found persons to optimise international cooperation. The system will support information sharing and cooperative planning across organisations and nations, also dynamically in an ongoing crisis. It will provide improvement with respect to performance, reliability, speed and cost. The project has been initiated by INTERPOL and the BKA (German Federal Criminal Police Office) after identifying PLASSDATA software as a good basis to start development. PLASSDATA will develop the core DVI system, two Fraunhofer Institutes and the University of Dundee will develop identification methods based on image retrieval and body modifications. Dundee will also lead the development of international operational commonality. Crabbe Consulting Ltd will support overall management and coordination. The results will be used by INTERPOL and as many of its 187 national member countries as possible. PLASSDATA foresees a return on its investment through the sales of DVI software and also products in other markets based on the knowledge it will develop in the project for the DVI system incl. Rich Internet Application (RIA) software.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FCT-05-2014 | Award Amount: 5.45M | Year: 2015
The threat of synthetic drugs is one of the most significant current drug problems worldwide. Amphetamine-Type Stimulants (ATS) are the second most widely used drugs. Since 1990, ATS manufacturing has been reported from more than 70 countries worldwide and the figure keeps rising. In 2008, 80 % of the amphetamine production facilities dismantled worldwide were located in Europe (UNODC, 2010) (EMCCDA, 2011). Organised Crime Groups are involved in ATS large-scale production (Europol, 2007) (EMCDDA, 2009). Since 2011, the wide availability of pre-precursors (like APAAN) significantly lowered the price of the controlled precursor BMK and caused severe environmental problems, taking the problem to a greater dimension. The aim of this project is to design, develop and test a prototype of a system for legal recording, retrieving and monitoring operations of ATS and ATS precursor laboratories in urban areas. The sensor system will be installed within the sewage system and will track waste associated to ATS production. Criminal investigators and forensic specialists will use the system in case of: 1. initial general suspicion of ATS production in a certain area, for locating laboratories by monitoring the sewage system for long time periods; 2. strong suspicions that in a well confined area ATS is being produced, for collecting material for forensic analysis and potential use in court, and for aiding in the planning of LEA raid operations. The Mole prototype will contain the following features: a) miniaturized system for 200mm sewage pipes, b) robust housing taking into account sewage system environment, c) minimized power consumption, d) enhanced operation time supported by energy harvesting, e) high-specificity electro-chemical sensors, f) integrated micro-tanks for sample storage, and g) secure GSM and radio communications for remote monitoring. Analysis of privacy law, data protection and social acceptance will be carried on at different stages.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2009-1.3-04 | Award Amount: 4.69M | Year: 2010
MiDAS will deliver a self-contained, portable instrument to produce DNA database compatible results from crime samples in 2 hours. Automated processes for DNA analysis of large numbers of samples are now used in many of the EU member states; however the most efficient of these high throughput systems can take 3-5 days to produce DNA database-compliant profiles. In high profile crime and terrorism cases it is crucial to access DNA results promptly to provide intelligence to investigators. Currently a small number of samples can be processed in less than 24 h but the method is labour intensive and expensive. MiDAS proposes a real-time, simple-to-operate and cost effective alternative. MiDAS will build on the current expertise of the consortium to deliver a robust, reliable instrument adaptable to the needs of multiple EU agencies. The design will allow processing of small numbers of samples at the scene of a crime, in an office environment or in the laboratory. Samples will be directly introduced to the device; no further manual involvement will be required. DNA will be extracted using magnetic bead technology and transferred to reaction chambers for quantification and amplification which will be controlled to normalise the DNA profile. The profile will be visualised following analysis through on-cartridge DNA separation and laser induced fluorescencebased detection. Automated data analysis using expert systems will facilitate the timely delivery of a profile. The requirements for implementation of the instrument into the forensic process will be determined, including an evaluation of relevant legislative and data protection requirements. Successful forensic validation of the instrument and subsequent validation of the full forensic process designed around the instrument will allow implementation of MiDAS to the forensic community within the partner EU member states, enabling the delivery of early DNA intelligence to law enforcement and security agencies.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.3.4-1 | Award Amount: 18.18M | Year: 2012
Significant efforts have been invested to strengthen border ID checks with biometrics Travel Documents embedding electronic chips (ePassport). However, problems appeared regarding fraud in the ePassport issuing process, citizen losing control on their personal data, difficulties in certificates management, and shortcomings in convenience, speed, and efficiency of ID checks, including the access to various remote data bases. FIDELITY is a multi-disciplinary initiative which will analyse shortcomings and vulnerabilities in the whole ePassports life cycle and develop technical solutions and recommendations to overcome them. FIDELITY will demonstrate privacy enhanced solutions to: -Secure issuing processes: authentication of documents, preventing impersonation fraud -Improve ePassport security and usability: authentication processes, ID check speed, accuracy of biometrics, management of certificates, access to remote data bases, convenience of biometric sensors and inspection devices -Better manage lost and stolen passports -Strengthen privacy: privacy-by-design applied to all phases of the ePassport life cycle, systematic anomysation of data and separation of data streams, using novel privacy-enhancing-technologies FIDELITY will strengthen trust and confidence of stakeholders and citizens in ePassports, provide more reliable ID checks, hence hinder criminal movements, and ease implementation of E/E records providing better analysis of migration flows. FIDELITY solutions will be designed for backwards compatibility to be deployed progressively in the existing infrastructure. The FIDELITY consortium is composed of market-leading companies, innovative SME, renowned academia, ethical-sociological-legal experts, and end-users, which will help to define requirements and recommendations and assess results. They will, with the other partners actively promote the project results towards stakeholders and international working groups that elaborate future ePassport standards.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2007-1.2-02 | Award Amount: 2.87M | Year: 2010
The objective of the proposal is the development of innovative and integrated, mobile and rapid deployable, gas generator assisted inflatable structures for ballistic protection of European civilians against security scenarios, such as crime and terrorist attacks. Depending on the scope, (e.g. the prevention of, or the response to, security scenarios by European security forces, such as protection of special persons or general security of events) tailored solutions are to be developed, including inflatable ballistic structures for the protection of: - individuals, or of two to five persons, (carried in back-pack, brief case, trolley, or suitcase based mobile security kits) - general security of events, (transported in car boot, or pick-up truck based, inflatable ballistic tents, curtains, fences, or even red carpet tunnels).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.43M | Year: 2014
The objectives of the EXPEDIA project are both to inhibit some frequently used explosive precursors and to increase the knowledge about garage chemistry. With this we mean, increasing the understanding of how terrorists create homemade explosives (HME), what chemicals they start from and where they find them in the open market. But also, to increase the understanding of how easily a HME can be created, what basic equipment is necessary and what chemical knowledge is needed by the terrorist. The output from EXPEDIA will increase the security of the citizens in Europe both in the sense that chemical inhibition will reduce/ limit or at least make it much harder for terrorists to create HMEs from readily available chemicals. Understanding the terrorist perspective regarding HME production, will directly give input to both first responders and European legislators. As one of the output EXPEDIA will create A European guide for first responders with basic instructions on how to interpret findings on a crime scene when suspected bomb factories have been encountered. In order for European legislators to carry out right work in the fight against terrorism, access to accurate data and an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of HMEs and various formulations thereof is of crucial importance. EXPEDIA will feed its produced information about HMEs directly to these groups via appropriate channels. Finally, EXPEDIA will research for solutions to prevent the misuse of some explosive precursors that have not yet been investigated within the FP7 research programme. The inhibition of these precursors will be closely linked to feasibility and implementation cost studies as well as to toxicology studies. The solutions should be environmentally friendly and economically defendable in order to be able to be implemented into precursors that are produced in large quantities today.