Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2007-1.2-02 | Award Amount: 2.87M | Year: 2010
The objective of the proposal is the development of innovative and integrated, mobile and rapid deployable, gas generator assisted inflatable structures for ballistic protection of European civilians against security scenarios, such as crime and terrorist attacks. Depending on the scope, (e.g. the prevention of, or the response to, security scenarios by European security forces, such as protection of special persons or general security of events) tailored solutions are to be developed, including inflatable ballistic structures for the protection of: - individuals, or of two to five persons, (carried in back-pack, brief case, trolley, or suitcase based mobile security kits) - general security of events, (transported in car boot, or pick-up truck based, inflatable ballistic tents, curtains, fences, or even red carpet tunnels).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FCT-05-2014 | Award Amount: 5.45M | Year: 2015
The threat of synthetic drugs is one of the most significant current drug problems worldwide. Amphetamine-Type Stimulants (ATS) are the second most widely used drugs. Since 1990, ATS manufacturing has been reported from more than 70 countries worldwide and the figure keeps rising. In 2008, 80 % of the amphetamine production facilities dismantled worldwide were located in Europe (UNODC, 2010) (EMCCDA, 2011). Organised Crime Groups are involved in ATS large-scale production (Europol, 2007) (EMCDDA, 2009). Since 2011, the wide availability of pre-precursors (like APAAN) significantly lowered the price of the controlled precursor BMK and caused severe environmental problems, taking the problem to a greater dimension. The aim of this project is to design, develop and test a prototype of a system for legal recording, retrieving and monitoring operations of ATS and ATS precursor laboratories in urban areas. The sensor system will be installed within the sewage system and will track waste associated to ATS production. Criminal investigators and forensic specialists will use the system in case of: 1. initial general suspicion of ATS production in a certain area, for locating laboratories by monitoring the sewage system for long time periods; 2. strong suspicions that in a well confined area ATS is being produced, for collecting material for forensic analysis and potential use in court, and for aiding in the planning of LEA raid operations. The Mole prototype will contain the following features: a) miniaturized system for 200mm sewage pipes, b) robust housing taking into account sewage system environment, c) minimized power consumption, d) enhanced operation time supported by energy harvesting, e) high-specificity electro-chemical sensors, f) integrated micro-tanks for sample storage, and g) secure GSM and radio communications for remote monitoring. Analysis of privacy law, data protection and social acceptance will be carried on at different stages.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.3.4-1 | Award Amount: 18.18M | Year: 2012
Significant efforts have been invested to strengthen border ID checks with biometrics Travel Documents embedding electronic chips (ePassport). However, problems appeared regarding fraud in the ePassport issuing process, citizen losing control on their personal data, difficulties in certificates management, and shortcomings in convenience, speed, and efficiency of ID checks, including the access to various remote data bases. FIDELITY is a multi-disciplinary initiative which will analyse shortcomings and vulnerabilities in the whole ePassports life cycle and develop technical solutions and recommendations to overcome them. FIDELITY will demonstrate privacy enhanced solutions to: -Secure issuing processes: authentication of documents, preventing impersonation fraud -Improve ePassport security and usability: authentication processes, ID check speed, accuracy of biometrics, management of certificates, access to remote data bases, convenience of biometric sensors and inspection devices -Better manage lost and stolen passports -Strengthen privacy: privacy-by-design applied to all phases of the ePassport life cycle, systematic anomysation of data and separation of data streams, using novel privacy-enhancing-technologies FIDELITY will strengthen trust and confidence of stakeholders and citizens in ePassports, provide more reliable ID checks, hence hinder criminal movements, and ease implementation of E/E records providing better analysis of migration flows. FIDELITY solutions will be designed for backwards compatibility to be deployed progressively in the existing infrastructure. The FIDELITY consortium is composed of market-leading companies, innovative SME, renowned academia, ethical-sociological-legal experts, and end-users, which will help to define requirements and recommendations and assess results. They will, with the other partners actively promote the project results towards stakeholders and international working groups that elaborate future ePassport standards.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.43M | Year: 2014
The objectives of the EXPEDIA project are both to inhibit some frequently used explosive precursors and to increase the knowledge about garage chemistry. With this we mean, increasing the understanding of how terrorists create homemade explosives (HME), what chemicals they start from and where they find them in the open market. But also, to increase the understanding of how easily a HME can be created, what basic equipment is necessary and what chemical knowledge is needed by the terrorist. The output from EXPEDIA will increase the security of the citizens in Europe both in the sense that chemical inhibition will reduce/ limit or at least make it much harder for terrorists to create HMEs from readily available chemicals. Understanding the terrorist perspective regarding HME production, will directly give input to both first responders and European legislators. As one of the output EXPEDIA will create A European guide for first responders with basic instructions on how to interpret findings on a crime scene when suspected bomb factories have been encountered. In order for European legislators to carry out right work in the fight against terrorism, access to accurate data and an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of HMEs and various formulations thereof is of crucial importance. EXPEDIA will feed its produced information about HMEs directly to these groups via appropriate channels. Finally, EXPEDIA will research for solutions to prevent the misuse of some explosive precursors that have not yet been investigated within the FP7 research programme. The inhibition of these precursors will be closely linked to feasibility and implementation cost studies as well as to toxicology studies. The solutions should be environmentally friendly and economically defendable in order to be able to be implemented into precursors that are produced in large quantities today.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 3.33M | Year: 2015
In this proposal we describe a timely and disruptive solution to the long-standing and vexing problem of the rapid stand-off detection of explosive, toxic or otherwise hazardous materials which are present within potential- or post-terrorist attack or industrial accident sites. We will achieve this by realising highly sensitive, state-of-the-art handheld and tripod-mounted instruments based upon active hyperspectral imaging and detection. These will exploit the deep infrared molecular fingerprint waveband region, where these hazardous compounds exhibit their strongest and most distinctive optical absorption features. Crucially, by keeping our goal fixed on the needs of the end-user, we will realise high-TRL devices which are cost-effective, lightweight and highly utile. Within the lifetime of this project, these will ready for evaluation in end-use scenarios (as opposed to mere laboratory-based demonstration). Our consortium is uniquely placed to prosecute this programme as is it comprises world leading workers in every technology upon which this solution depends, from quantum-cascade laser source, MEMS and detector growth expertise to advanced imaging, signals processing and device integration. One refined, the technology we will pioneer will be evaluated by civil security partners who will implement them in a number of likely end-use scenarios, thus proving the potency and utility of our technology.