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Breitenfurt bei Wien, Austria

Through the Treaties of Amsterdam and Lisbon gender equality became a fundamental right and value in the EU. Since the early 1990s the promotion of gender equality was integrated in the framework of Structural Funds. But in the EU-Member States there was only little emphasis to implement the objective of gender equality in Rural Development Programs. This paper analyses the integration of gender equality issues in the Austrian Rural Development Program. The analysis is mainly based on the results of the Mid-Term Review of the Program. Finally, recommendations for a better integration and implementation of gender equality will be presented and a critical review will be given. Source

This paper is dealing with the importance of social diversity for rural development in Austria. Considering the "Leader"-approach it will be discussed how local and regional initiatives are suitable to raise hidden and forgotten social potentials. In the previous period of the leader initiative many obstacles for implementing social projects and promoting social diversity in the rural context can be revealed. The analysis of the leader initiatives of the current funding period shows that in some regions comprehensive approaches were developed to embed the existing social diversity in the rural development strategies. Source

As a part of a student project for the development of rural areas in the summer semester 2008 at the Institute of Spatial Planning and Rural Development of the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences the research question whether and to what extent this protected area category is a promoter for regional development was examined by the example of the Biosphere Reserve Wienerwald. Based on the example of the cooperation project Wienerwald Weiderind indepth interviews were conducted with three project participants and with two responsible experts in order to draw conclusions from the interview results for the research question. Thus, biosphere reserves are useful for the initiation of regional projects, but local people must act on its own for a sucessful and sustainable project implementation. Source

Hovorka G.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Gmeiner P.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics

The payment (compensatory allowance) to farmers in Less Favoured Areas (LFA) is of great importance which is underscored by the share of 27% of funds of the Rural Development Program (2007-2013) of Austria. The midterm review 2010 provides a positive assessment of design, achievement of objectives and impacts of this measure, particularly for mountain farms. But the discussion of Common Agricultural Policy after 2013 demands a redesign of these payments as well. In this contribution an overview of the main evaluation results of this measure is presented. Then starting from a baseline scenario main results of a so-called scenario "grassland" will be discussed which can be interpreted as alternative to the differentiation of payments between livestock farming and farming without livestock. Source

Strahl W.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Dax T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics

Since the funding period 2007-2013 the innovative European Community Initiative Leader for improving the quality of life and developing the rural economy through Local Action Groups, has become a constituent part of the Rural Development Programmes. Thus the term Leader mainstreaming indicates the integration of the Leader approach into the Rural Development Programme as a horizontal priority, added to the programme as axis 4. This paper discusses the impact and consequences of this mainstreaming process by analyzing the Austrian example of programme application. It also concludes on the current role of the former 'laboratory' for endogenous rural development. The results presented are based on qualitative case studies carried out within the EUProject,"Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies, including Leader" (RUDI), FP7. Source

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