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Gmeiner P.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Hovorka G.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

The paper describes and assesses the extent and importance of intermediate areas as part of less favoured areas in the EU and in Austria. It presents the hitherto existing activities of the EU commission for a new delimitation of these intermediate areas. The paper focuses on the methodology and the results of the simulation for Austria using the delimitation concept of the EU commission. The anticipated impacts will be discussed. Finally some conclusions for the further delimitation process will be drawn.


Strahl W.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Dax T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

Since the funding period 2007-2013 the innovative European Community Initiative Leader for improving the quality of life and developing the rural economy through Local Action Groups, has become a constituent part of the Rural Development Programmes. Thus the term Leader mainstreaming indicates the integration of the Leader approach into the Rural Development Programme as a horizontal priority, added to the programme as axis 4. This paper discusses the impact and consequences of this mainstreaming process by analyzing the Austrian example of programme application. It also concludes on the current role of the former 'laboratory' for endogenous rural development. The results presented are based on qualitative case studies carried out within the EUProject,"Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies, including Leader" (RUDI), FP7.


Oedl-Wieser T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Wiesinger G.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

During the long run of history family business farms have been traditionally and predominantly managed by men due to patriarchal organizational patterns. Since the 1970s one can observe a gradual increase in the number of female farm managers in Austria. Theexplorative study "Female Farm Managers in Austria" targets at analyzing the main reasons of this development. A setting of qualitative and quantitative instruments was applied in two surveys to explore the core issues responsible for a potential change in traditional labor division, social structure of farm households and identities of female farm managers. In this paper the results of the study will be presented.


Machold I.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Dax T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

The linkage of various local actors is at the heart of rural development. In a conceptual understanding agriculture can be set in a context of multi-functionality and sustainable rural development, linking it to the rural economy, society and environment. The interdependencies between agriculture and the rest of the rural economy can be exemplified by the analysis of product chains. This paper presents results of one case study, carried out within the TERESA EU-project, selecting the supply chain of wood production in the Austrian study area Lungau.


Strahl W.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Oedl-Wieser T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Dax T.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012

Due to a very high financial endowment the Rural Development Programme (RDP) is the core instrument for rural policies in Austria. Its Mid-term evaluation offers a first assessment of its implementation and resulting effects over the period 2007-2009. This article focuses on capturing socio-economic effects of the RDP with regard to the objective of improving quality of life through diversification of the rural economy. It is oriented towards an assessment of the suitability of the applied evaluation instruments. Key areas of analysis are structurally disadvantaged regions which are characterized by unfavourable accessibility and socio-economic disadvantages. This spatial investigation refers to key objectives of rural development, i.e. the reduction of regional disparities and region-specific solutions with reference to main development trends and challenges of economic, social and demographic changes.


Hovorka G.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen | Gmeiner P.,Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012

The payment (compensatory allowance) to farmers in Less Favoured Areas (LFA) is of great importance which is underscored by the share of 27% of funds of the Rural Development Program (2007-2013) of Austria. The midterm review 2010 provides a positive assessment of design, achievement of objectives and impacts of this measure, particularly for mountain farms. But the discussion of Common Agricultural Policy after 2013 demands a redesign of these payments as well. In this contribution an overview of the main evaluation results of this measure is presented. Then starting from a baseline scenario main results of a so-called scenario "grassland" will be discussed which can be interpreted as alternative to the differentiation of payments between livestock farming and farming without livestock.


Through the Treaties of Amsterdam and Lisbon gender equality became a fundamental right and value in the EU. Since the early 1990s the promotion of gender equality was integrated in the framework of Structural Funds. But in the EU-Member States there was only little emphasis to implement the objective of gender equality in Rural Development Programs. This paper analyses the integration of gender equality issues in the Austrian Rural Development Program. The analysis is mainly based on the results of the Mid-Term Review of the Program. Finally, recommendations for a better integration and implementation of gender equality will be presented and a critical review will be given.


This paper is dealing with the importance of social diversity for rural development in Austria. Considering the "Leader"-approach it will be discussed how local and regional initiatives are suitable to raise hidden and forgotten social potentials. In the previous period of the leader initiative many obstacles for implementing social projects and promoting social diversity in the rural context can be revealed. The analysis of the leader initiatives of the current funding period shows that in some regions comprehensive approaches were developed to embed the existing social diversity in the rural development strategies.


As a part of a student project for the development of rural areas in the summer semester 2008 at the Institute of Spatial Planning and Rural Development of the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences the research question whether and to what extent this protected area category is a promoter for regional development was examined by the example of the Biosphere Reserve Wienerwald. Based on the example of the cooperation project Wienerwald Weiderind indepth interviews were conducted with three project participants and with two responsible experts in order to draw conclusions from the interview results for the research question. Thus, biosphere reserves are useful for the initiation of regional projects, but local people must act on its own for a sucessful and sustainable project implementation.

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