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Eriksen D.,Helmholtz Center Munich | Rosthoj S.,Copenhagen University | Burr H.,Bundesanstalt fur Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin BAuA | Holtermann A.,Helmholtz Center Munich
Preventive Medicine

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between five-year changes in occupational sitting and body mass index (BMI) in working adults. Methods: We analyzed data from The Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (2005 and 2010, n= 3.482). Data on occupational sitting, weight, height and several potential confounders were self-reported. The association between change in occupational sitting (hours) (categorized as large decrease <. - 7.5, moderate decrease - 7.5 to <. - 2.5, no change - 2.5 to 2.5, moderate increase >. 2.5 to 7.5 and large increase >. 7.5) and change in BMI was explored by multiple linear regression analyses. Results: 43.0% men and 36.1% women had high occupational sitting time (≥ 25. h per week) at baseline. 31.8% men and 27.2% women decreased while 30.0% men and 33.0% women increased occupational sitting. The proportion of obese (BMI. ≥ 30) increased almost 3% for both genders. BMI changed 0.13 (CI: 0.06; 0.20, p= 0.0003), per category of change in occupational sitting in women, but no association was found in men. Conclusion: In women, there is a positive association between five-year changes in occupational sitting and BMI. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Simon M.,University of Southampton | Schmidt S.G.,Witten/Herdecke University | Schwab C.G.G.,Witten/Herdecke University | Hasselhorn H.-M.,Bundesanstalt fur Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin BAuA | Bartholomeyzcik S.,Witten/Herdecke University
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz

Introduction: From 2009, the quality of care in nursing homes in Germany is inspected, rated, and publicized. This study investigates the association between staff-perceived nursing quality, clinical quality indicators, and ratings of health insurance medical services based on the transparency of stationary care agreement (PTVS). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study merging publicly reported data, clinical quality indicators of a national health provider system, and data from staff surveys. Data from 83 nursing homes were adjusted for sample size, age, and care level and analyzed using Kendall's tau coefficients and scatter plots. Results: There were pronounced differences in staff-perceived nursing quality and some of the clinical indicators between facilities that were not detected by the PTVS. There was a weak association between staff-perceived quality and care quality rated by external inspections. No associations were found between the PTVS and clinical quality indicators. Conclusions: Differences between nursing home providers were detected to varying degrees by the three approaches and were if at all weakly associated. Given the aims followed by public reporting initiatives of nursing home providers, the results stress the importance of revising the PTVS. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Michaelis M.,Freiburger Forschungsstelle Arbeits und Sozialmedizin FFAS | Rose U.,Bundesanstalt fur Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin BAuA
Pravention und Gesundheitsforderung

Background. Because driving takes place outside of company premises, access for professional drivers to workplace health promotion (WHP) is hindered. In the following cross-sectional study, we surveyed WHP experiences and needs from the viewpoint of entrepreneurs in order to gain insight into necessary preventative measures. Material and methods. Managers of transport companies were asked for their opinion, knowledge, experiences and plans regarding WHP. Additionally, we obtained information about their willingness to participate in a pilot project. The 10% random sample was taken from the list of a statutory accident insurance association. The results were correlated with the likely predictor variables company size, engagement in long- or short-distance traffic and WHP experience. Results. Of the responding entrepreneurs (n=598, =11% response rate), 22% had prior experience with preventative health measures for their workers; the rate depends on the company size. One third of the respondents signalled a general willingness to participate in a prevention project and detailed their preferences. Conclusions. The current practice of WHP in transport companies is deficient. However, at least a small percentage of transport entrepreneurs are receptive to information campaigns and need-based WHP offers. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source

In this study the effects of temporal variations in individual work steps for the DAPI total cell count approach were investigated. It was shown that 24-hour storage (4°C) of the original bio-aerosol samples (loaded polycarbonate filters) did not result in quantification differences. Therefore, a period of 24 hours (e.g. time of transport) before further processing in the laboratory is tolerable. The reaction time of formaldehyde for cell fixation should be at least 24 hours. Subsequent to the fixation procedure, the samples can be stored at 4°C for up to two years without any considerable changes in the detection efficiency. Staining time with DAPI should be at least 30 minutes. The DAPI-stained bioaerosol samples, however, must then be analysed microscopically within several hours because storage at room temperature, even in the dark, will lead to substantial detection losses. The results of this study provide sufficient evidence to describe a uniform standardized procedure for the quantification of a work-related microbial exposure level using the DAPI total cell count approach. Source

Hebisch R.,Bundesanstalt fur Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin BAuA | Linsel G.,Bundesanstalt fur Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin BAuA
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft

Recycling and waste management is performed in about 5,300 enterprises by about 150,000 employees in Germany. The Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) has performed a comprehensive investigation program in different recycling enterprises during the last decade. In detail, workers' exposures have been measured when recycling electronic waste, end-of life vehicles, plastics waste, textile, and paper and paperboard. During all these processes workers are exposed to airborne particles. Additionally, when recycling electronic waste and end-of life vehicles a significant exposure to heavy metals and organic solvents was found, respectively. Furthermore, for plastics, textiles, and paper and paperboard recycling exposure to biological agents may reach considerable concentrations. The results of the workplace measurements were used to establish recommendations for good practice to protect workers in recycling enterprises. Source

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