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Seher W.,University of Vienna | Eberstaller J.,Ezb TB Eberstaller GmbH | Michor K.,REVITAL Ziviltechniker GmbH | Wagner K.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft | Year: 2010

Summary: This article unites four papers from the Federal Environmental Agency's FloodRisk II land-use planning work package which are intended to ensure the use of riverine areas without buildings with regard to potential flood risks. The authors pick up on the shortcomings of existing rules and instruments of regional planning and flood management, and submit strategies for introducing land-use policies aiming at reducing flood risks. This includes the implementation of a transcommunal flood-prevention scheme based on river systems or catchments, and the cost-benefit balance of flood protection between upper and lower riparians, as well as the improved coordination of flood-control management and regional development, together with the possibilities of agricultural use in keeping with the flood risk in potential flood plains and flood-retention areas. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-03-2015 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2016

SIMRA seeks to advance understanding of social innovation (SI) and innovative governance in agriculture, forestry and rural development (RD), and how to boost them, particularly in marginalised rural areas across Europe, with a focus on the Mediterranean region (including non-EU) where there is limited evidence of outcomes and supporting conditions. These objectives will be achieved by: 1. Developing systematic frameworks: a) theoretical - for improved knowledge of the complexity of SIs and its dimensions, and its impact on unfolding territorial capital; b) operational - based on a trans-disciplinary coalition (researchers and practitioners) to advance understanding of preconditions and success factors (e.g. instruments, incentives etc.) for implementing/operationalizing SI. 2. Creating a categorisation of SIs which encompasses the specificities in terms of social priorities, relationships/collaborations etc. and serves as an instrument to explore reasons why regions with similar conditions display diverging paths and to turn diversity into strength. 3. Creating an integrated set of methods to evaluate SI and its impacts on economic, social, environmental, institutional and policy dimensions of territorial capital. 4. Co-constructed evaluation of SIs in case studies across the spatial variation of European rural areas, considering which components of territorial capital foster and, or mainstream RD. 5. Synthesis and dissemination of new or improved knowledge of SIs and novel governance mechanisms to promote social capital and institutional capacity building and inform effective options/solutions for shaping sustainable development trajectories. 6. Creating collaborative learning and networking opportunities and launching innovative actions at different/multiple scales, with continuous interactions among researchers, knowledge brokers and stakeholders to foster and mainstream SI, leaving a durable legacy.


Steinwidder A.,Lehr und Forschungszentrum fur Landwirtschaft | Starz W.,Lehr und Forschungszentrum fur Landwirtschaft | Podstatzky L.,Lehr und Forschungszentrum fur Landwirtschaft | Kirner L.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft | And 3 more authors.
Zuchtungskunde | Year: 2010

Regions with seasonal dairy production from pastoral systems realise low production costs. The increasing costs in energy, supplemental feeds and labour increase the interest in low input grazing strategies also in regions with disadvantaged pastoral conditions. To get novel informations on pastoral milk production in mountainous regions a research project with six pilot dairy farms (five organic, one low input) was conducted and they were supervised during the reorganisation period. Within an observation period of three years a strict annual cycle in milk production and reproduction could be implemented on two farms only. In average a pasture proportion of 42% (26-61%) of the total feeding ration per year could be determined, depending on the farm specific conditions and the implementation level of this low input strategy. On four farms, which fed low amounts of supplemental feeds, a pasture proportion of 50% of the total feeding ration was realized. With an input of only 470 kg DM concentrate (8% of DM intake) per cow and year a milk performance of 5.542 kg with 4.02% fat and 3.34% protein was achieved. Despite the lower milk yield the data based on a federal extension program reveal lower marginal costs and higher production efficiency per unit milk for the four pilot farms in comparison to the average results of the organic and conventional farms. The results clearly indicate that the full grazing strategy with seasonal calving is feasible in Austria for animal health reasons. © Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart.


Kirner L.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft | Tribl C.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

The study in hand presents the economic perspective of mountain dairy farms in Austria under liberalized market conditions for milk in the following years. Model calculations of future agricultural policy measures exhibit no fundamental disadvantages for mountain dairy farms in comparison to non-mountain farms. In general, possible losses of income as a result of the abolishment of the milk quota could be compensated by increased production. However, this strategy is narrowly limited in extremely disadvantaged mountain farms. Therefore, special policy programmes are required further on to enable the existence of disadvantaged farm operations in the long run.


Hambrusch J.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft | Tribl C.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012

Some countries provide programs for a partial compensation of farm income losses. During the discussions on the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) these programs have gained a prominent position. Based on farm specific data taken from the voluntary farm accountancy data network (FADN) this study applies the Canadian "AgriStability" programme and a "WTO Green-box compliant" program to the Austrian setting. For the period 2006-2009 the study identifies the share of farms eligible for income compensation and calculates the required financial support provided either by the government or by the farmers themselves through private mutual funds.


The Commissions legislative proposal in the context of the "CAP until 2020" formed the basis for calculations of the article in hand. The economic consequences of three possible future direct payment schemes are analyzed for ten typical dairy farms in selected regions in Austria. For all analyzed premium schemes, subsidies would be redistributed from intensive to extensive farms. Differentiated premiums and transitional schemes can mitigate these effects.


The mountain areas ot Austria are major locations tor dairy farming in the country, uwing to natural conditions, milk in these areas is produced at considerably higher cost than elsewhere. Nevertheless, structural change in the mountain areas is proceeding at a lower pace, although there is a clear distinction between less and extremely disadvantaged regions. The general result of this analysis is that milk production in Austria will further increase in less disadvantaged mountain areas and decrease in plain areas and extremely disadvantaged mountain areas. Possible strategies for adaptation of particular dairy farms were evaluated using a recursively dynamic single farm model and assuming alternative economic conditions in the future. The analysis and discussion is based on farm indicators and on the overall budgetary situation. Results of the model simulations vary according to the strategies analysed, and the economic benefits of these strategies depend substantially on conditions and circumstances within and outside of the farm.


Hambrusch J.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft | Kirner L.,Bundesanstalt fur Agrarwirtschaft
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2013

With the beginning of the new CAP-period in 2014 some substantial modifications of the first pillar can be expected. Based on the Austrian sheep and goat sector the paper depicts the main impacts of an alternative area based payment scheme instead of the single farm payment. The calculations rely on the specification and simulation of seven model farms but also on analyses of IACS-data. The results of both analyses show redistribution effects in favour of less extensive farm management systems. © 2013, OGA-Osterreichische Gesellschaft fur Agrarokonomie. All rights reserved.

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