Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit

Berlin, Germany

Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit

Berlin, Germany
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Holst-Jensen A.,Norwegian Veterinary Institute | Bertheau Y.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | de Loose M.,Belgium Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research | Grohmann L.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | And 8 more authors.
Biotechnology Advances | Year: 2012

Genetically modified plants, in the following referred to as genetically modified organisms or GMOs, have been commercially grown for almost two decades. In 2010 approximately 10% of the total global crop acreage was planted with GMOs (James, 2011). More than 30 countries have been growing commercial GMOs, and many more have performed field trials. Although the majority of commercial GMOs both in terms of acreage and specific events belong to the four species: soybean, maize, cotton and rapeseed, there are another 20. + species where GMOs are commercialized or in the pipeline for commercialization. The number of GMOs cultivated in field trials or for commercial production has constantly increased during this time period. So have the number of species, the number of countries involved, the diversity of novel (added) genetic elements and the global trade. All of these factors contribute to the increasing complexity of detecting and correctly identifying GMO derived material. Many jurisdictions, including the European Union (EU), legally distinguish between authorized (and therefore legal) and un-authorized (and therefore illegal) GMOs. Information about the developments, field trials, authorizations, cultivation, trade and observations made in the official GMO control laboratories in different countries around the world is often limited, despite several attempts such as the OECD BioTrack for voluntary dissemination of data. This lack of information inevitably makes it challenging to detect and identify GMOs, especially the un-authorized GMOs. The present paper reviews the state of the art technologies and approaches in light of coverage, practicability, sensitivity and limitations. Emphasis is put on exemplifying practical detection of un-authorized GMOs. Although this paper has a European (EU) bias when examples are given, the contents have global relevance. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.4-03 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2011

Coexistence is still a controversial topic within the EU. Member States, farmers, and participants within the food chain have expressed an interest on the implications of different coexistence polices on costs, feasibility of achieving segregated supply chains, as well as implications for labeling and traceability. While a number of issues have already been addressed in previous projects, information about feasible and cost-effective coexistence measures at farm and supply chain level is still missing. PRICE will investigate the cost of coexistence practices in a number of Member States including the innovative solutions chosen by farmers to reduce coexistence compliance costs. A software module based on models resulting from previous projects (Co-Extra, SIGMEA) will be further developed with the aim to combine the natural science-based knowledge of cross pollination including biological containment methods at farm and regional level with solutions based on farmers knowledge and experience with co-existence measures. The software module will be tested in the field, used to systematically analyze different strategies for achieving coexistence, and developed into a user-friendly decision-support tool for stakeholders (e.g. farmers, grain handlers). Implications for traceability and labeling at farm and regional level will also be assessed. The risk of adventitious presence of GM events in GMO-free commodities is also important within international supply chains of agricultural commodities. PRICE outlines several scenarios about the evolution of the global market of GMO-free commodities taking into account a number of important parameters (e.g. prices, compliance costs) supported by two detailed case studies. A wide range of stakeholders participate form the start of the project via an interactive stakeholder platform for securing the practical relevance of PRICE activities and the link with similar activities in the EU and worldwide.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE.2012.3.5-04 | Award Amount: 7.76M | Year: 2012

The project GRACE will a) elaborate and sustainably implement a transparent framework for the review of GMOs or GM food and feed effects on environment, socio-economics and health and b) reconsider the design, execution and interpretation of results of animal feeding trials as well as in vitro studies for assessing the safety of GM food and feed. The framework will create high quality reviewing processes for different fields of GMO impact assessment and address the need for a well documented, transparent and sustainable representation of these reviewing processes. This will provide valuable and accessible information addressing the main issues associated with GMOs and enabling risk assessors, managers, scientists and the general public to reiterate and update their evaluations and conclusions on GMOs. It will adapt recently elaborated methodologies for (systematic) reviewing of the risk assessment information of GMOs and derived food and feed. The quality assessment for all reviewed papers and studies as well as the reviews conducted by the consortium, will be referenced by an open access database and one-stop-shop for data and information relevant to GMO risk assessment. Animal feeding trials and in vitro studies will clarify and compare the scientific added value of 90day feeding trials with whole foods with advanced state-of-the-art analytical, in vitro and in-silico tools. Suitable animal GMO-feeding models will be investigated, that are based on European (EFSA) and international guidance, and the project will provide guidance for relevant, alternative in vitro cell-based approaches for specific topics within the overall food and feed safety assessment. Available standard or scientifically approved protocols form the basis of the investigations also in the case of the analytical, in-vitro and second in-silico approaches. GRACE will provide guidance for the use and improvement of existing and suggested assessment tools in the field of food and feed safety.


Brueckner B.,Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops | Schwarzbach A.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Schrodter R.,Prosens GmbH
Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Year: 2010

Sweetness and bitterness can be regarded as mediators of vegetable preferences and intake, thus playing a prominent role in quality assessment. Sugars and saponins are known to cause sweet and bitter perception in asparagus. In the present investigation a trained, quantitative-descriptive sensory panel was used to assess various asparagus cultivars with known contents of sugars and saponins. Therefore, six asparagus cultivars, representing the range of cultivars used in commercial white asparagus production in Germany were selected. Material was harvested at two different dates and analysed for sugar and saponin contents. The contents of six individual saponins differed within cultivars and also between the harvest dates, whereas no differences of the sugar concentrations were found. Principal component analysis (PCA) allowed to identify the sources of sensory differences between samples, explaining 62 % of all variation: sweetness, bitterness and pungency. It could be shown, that only two of the investigated saponins were related to bitterness and sweetness perception. © 2010 Springer Basel AG.


Waiblinger H.-U.,Chemisches und Veterinaruntersuchungsamt Freiburg | Grohmann L.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Year: 2014

Guidelines for the validation of DNA extraction methods especially in the scope of the analysis of genetically modified sequences in food and feed products by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) are described. Performance testing of extracted DNA is primarily done by determination of the quantity and quality of amplifiable DNA in real-time PCR. Assessment of quality of extracted DNA includes determination of DNA concentration (e.g. fluorimetrically) and evaluation of fragmentation status by gel electrophoresis. A detailed procedure for in-house validation as well as subsequent inter-laboratory validation studies of DNA extraction methods is presented. © 2014 Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL).


Vinke C.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Year: 2014

As part of monitoring the placing on the market of plant protection products, samples are taken from the market by the competent authorities and by holders of authorisations and parallel import permits, and are examined for identity. The issue is whether the composition of a sample is identical to the composition stated in the application for authorisation and whether the physical, chemical and technical parameters correspond with the specification stipulated by FAO/WHO. The status described by Vinke (2009) concerning the assessment of the identity of plant protection products has undergone a thorough revision. Above all, criteria are described for assessing the results of studies on plant protection product samples. The revision was accomplished by the German-speaking working group for plant protection product analysis (DAPA) and the German-speaking working group for plant protection product formulations (DAPF). © 2014 Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL).


Ten years after publication of the White Paper on Food Safety, health consumer protection has made significant progress and, today, is a key field in politics at both the European and German levels. In addition to the protection of health and security of consumers, consumer information has become a core element of consumer protection for the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz and Lebensmittelsicherheit, BVL). State authorities are provided with new means of communication and interaction with consumers. © 2010 Springer Medizin Verlag.


Butschke A.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Dross A.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz | Year: 2010

Implementation of a European regulation for cosmetics is the next logical step to enhance harmonization of cosmetic legislation in the European Union. However, the regulation of cosmetics alone will not be able to cure all deficits owing to different enforcement approaches in the Member States and deficiencies in cooperation. The regulation for cosmetics sets new standards that have to be fulfilled in practical work. Especially for a federal state like Germany, further harmonization with centralized reporting systems and transboundary cooperation is a great challenge. Some examples of such challenges for the Member States and Germany are addressed. © 2010 Springer Medizin Verlag.


Bartsch D.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Sugar Tech | Year: 2010

Gene flow is the introduction of genetic material from one population of a plant species to another, thereby changing the composition of the gene pool in receiving plant population. Interacting populations in the Genus Beta are within the species B. vulgaris, B. macrocarpa, B. atripicifolia and potentially also B. trigyna. Genetic material from sugar beet to wild or weed beet populations can be introduced via pollen, seeds or feralization of the cultivar. Human activities like seed production and seed trade contribute substantially over long distances to the amount of naturally occurring gene flow. Best management options to decrease unintended gene flow are bolter control in root production fields, and isolation distances in seed production areas. © 2011 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.


Reiting R.,Hessisches Landeslabor | Grohmann L.,Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Moris G.,Laboratoire National Of Sante | Made D.,Landesamt fur Verbraucherschutz
European Food Research and Technology | Year: 2013

At the end of 2011, genetic modifications in Basmati rice were discovered for the first time in products placed on the European Union market. The products originated from Pakistan or India. In the EU, no event of genetically modified rice is approved as food or feed. The samples were initially identified by positive PCR screening results. Some of the detected genetically modified DNA sequences were previously identified in insect-resistant rice varieties originating from Asia. In addition to a sequence coding for a cry1Ab/Ac gene driven by the maize ubiquitin promoter, the integration of a 35S CaMV promoter-driven cry2A gene was detected. This is the first notification of the presence of a cry2A gene in Asian rice products in the EU. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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