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Ostermann O.,Ministerium fur Landwirtschaft | Engels B.,Bundesamt fur Naturschutz BfN | Woidig S.,Amt fur das Biospharenreservat Sudost Rugen | Kaiser M.,Nationalparkamt Muritz
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2014

Considering that nature provides an outstanding motive for holidays, the article discusses the advantages and drawbacks of tourism development related to protected areas. The requirement to achieve sustainability in nature-based tourism is stated in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and is implemented and specified in Germany by the National Biodiversity Strategy. The EUROPARC Federation's European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas has proved to be a useful and successful instrument by which to align tourism sector developments with nature conservation objectives. Illustrated by the example of the international PARKS & BENEFITS project, which aimed specifically to initiate 'Charter processes' in the Baltic Sea region, the article presents the steps and necessary components for successful cooperation between large-scale protected areas and the tourism sector. Practical outcomes of Charter processes in the Müritz National Park and in the Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve are also presented. © 2014 W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart.

Grunewald K.,Leibniz Institute For Okologische Raumentwicklung Ior | Bastian O.,Umweltamt der Landeshauptstadt Dresden Sachgebiet Naturschutz | Bukvareva E.N.,Biodiversity Conservation Center | Zimenko A.V.,Biodiversity Conservation Center | And 2 more authors.
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2016

The paper summarises the status of TEEB-related processes, and the national assessment of ecosystems and their services in Russia, as a preliminary result of the Russian-German project 'TEEBi-Russ: Valuation of Ecosystem Services (ES) in Russia, First Steps'. The planned structure of a prototype of a National Report on ES in Russia is presented. Russia harbours a great diversity of natural conditions and ecosystems which are suppliers of ES, and likewise a variety of the socio-economic conditions that shape the demand for these services and their consumption. As a first step, the framework for capturing and assessing ES was defined (classification, indicators, scale, data situation), and a methodology for assessing the services for the federal subjects of Russia was chosen. Finally, the focus of the planned further work is outlined. © 2016 W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart.

Von Nordheim H.,Bundesamt fur Naturschutz BfN | Boedeker D.,Bundesamt fur Naturschutz BfN | Packeiser T.,Naturschutzbund Deutschland e. V. NABU | Ranft S.,University of Vechta
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2011

In 2010, ministerial conferences of the Helsinki Commission as well as the OSPAR Commission assessed the results of the activities agreed in 2003 in Bremen, with the aim of establishing a joint and ecologically coherent network of protected areas in the Baltic Sea and the North-East Atlantic. Under both Conventions substantial progress has been achieved, with Germany leading the relevant processes. The HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Area (BSPA) network, under development since 1994, today comprises 159 BSPAs (48,784 km2) collectively covering 10.3 % of the maritime area of the Helsinki Convention. Within the substantially larger OSPAR maritime area a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) is being developed since 1998. Today, it comprises 165 sites (427,322 km2) and encompasses 3.1 % of the North-East Atlantic, including since September 2010 six MPAs in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) - a globally unprecedented step creating the first regional network of MPAs in the High Seas. However, the assessment also shows that neither HELCOM nor OSPAR have yet established a comprehensive and ecologically coherent network of MPAs.

There is already a range of international financial instruments for the conservation of biodiversity encompassing transfer payments through official development assistance (ODA), funding from NGOs and foundations as well as international payments for ecosystem services (IPES) or other market-based instruments. In addition, new innovative mechanisms are discussed, the current development of a mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD plus)7 under the Framework Convention on Climate Change being a remarkable example.

Von Nordheim H.,Bundesamt fur Naturschutz BfN | Packeiser T.,Naturschutzbund Deutschland e. V. NABU | Durussel C.,International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2011

In the context of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and subsequently under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) the international community has agreed to establish, by 2012, globally representative networks of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Furthermore, the CBD set the target for these MPA networks to collectively encompass at least 10% of the world's oceans by 2020. By July 2010 however, only 1.17 % of the ocean surface has been covered by MPAs - unevenly distributed across the various biogeographic regions, with the vast majority designated in nearshore waters. The full range of threatened marine species, habitats and ecosystems is thus not yet representatively covered by the current global network of MPAs. Despite remarkable progress in certain regions, considerable efforts are still needed, both nationally and internationally, to meet the agreed targets and thereby contribute to the effective protection of the biological diversity in the world's oceans.

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