Choi H.,Hanyang University |
Park H.-H.,Hanyang University |
Lee K.-Y.,Hanyang University |
Choi N.-Y.,Hanyang University |
And 6 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2013
Neurogenesis in the adult brain is important for memory and learning, and the alterations in neural stem cells (NSCs) may be an important part of Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway has been suggested to play an important role in neuronal cell survival and is highly involved in adult neurogenesis. Recently, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) was found to affect the PI3K pathway. We investigated whether CoQ10 could restore amyloid β (Aβ)25-35 oligomer-inhibited proliferation of NSCs by focusing on the PI3K pathway. To evaluate the effects of CoQ10 on Aβ25-35 oligomer-inhibited proliferation of NSCs, NSCs were treated with several concentrations of CoQ10 and/or Aβ25-35 oligomers. BrdU labeling, Colony Formation Assays, and immunoreactivity of Ki-67, a marker of proliferative activity, showed that NSC proliferation decreased with Aβ25-35 oligomer treatment, but combined treatment with CoQ10 restored it. Western blotting showed that CoQ10 treatment increased the expression levels of p85α PI3K, phosphorylated Akt (Ser473), phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase-3β (Ser9), and heat shock transcription factor, which are proteins related to the PI3K pathway in Aβ25-35 oligomers-treated NSCs. To confirm a direct role for the PI3K pathway in CoQ10-induced restoration of proliferation of NSCs inhibited by Aβ25-35 oligomers, NSCs were pretreated with a PI3K inhibitor, LY294002; the effects of CoQ10 on the proliferation of NSCs inhibited by Aβ25-35 oligomers were almost completely blocked. Together, these results suggest that CoQ10 restores Aβ25-35 oligomer-inhibited proliferation of NSCs by activating the PI3K pathway. © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Jung K.H.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Kim S.M.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Choi M.G.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Lee J.H.,Sungkyunkwan University |
And 4 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015
Background: Despite the close link between cigarette smoking and the development of gastric cancer, little is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on surgical outcomes after gastric cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative smoking status and the duration of smoking cessation were associated with short-term surgical consequences in gastric cancer surgery. Methods: Among 1,489 consecutive patients, 1,335 patients who underwent curative radical gastrectomy at the Samsung Medical Center between January and December 2009 were included in the present study. The smoking status was determined using questionnaires before surgery. Smokers were divided into four groups according to the duration of smoking cessation preoperatively (<2, 2–4, 4–8, and >8 weeks). The primary endpoint was postoperative complications (wound, lung, leakage, and bleeding); secondary endpoints were 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Five hundred twenty-two patients (39.1 %) were smokers. Smokers had a significantly higher overall incidence of postoperative complications than nonsmokers (12.3 vs. 5.2 %, P < 0.001, respectively), especially in impaired wound healing, pulmonary problems, and leakage. Smokers also had more severe complications than nonsmokers. After adjusting for other risk factors, the odds ratio (95 % CI) for the development of postoperative complications in the subgroups who stopped smoking <2 weeks, 2–4, 4–8, and >8 weeks preoperatively were 3.35 (1.92–5.83), 0.99 (0.22–4.38), 2.18 (1.00–4.76), and 1.32 (0.70–2.48), respectively, compared with the nonsmokers. There were no significant differences in 3-year RFS (P = 0.884) and OS (P = 0.258) between smokers and nonsmokers. Conclusions: Preoperative smoking cessation for at least 2 weeks will help to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications in gastric cancer surgery. © 2014, The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association.
Jeung Y.-J.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Lee J.-Y.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Oh M.-J.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Choi D.-C.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Lee B.-J.,Sungkyunkwan University
Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research | Year: 2010
Purpose: Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) and the Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) are both severe drug reactions. Their pathogenesis and clinical features differ. This study compared the causes and clinical features of SJS and DRESS. Methods: We enrolled 31 patients who were diagnosed with DRESS (number=11) and SJS (number=20). We retrospectively compared the clinical and laboratory data of patients with the two disorders. Results: In both syndromes, the most common prodromal symptoms were itching, fever, and malaise. The liver was commonly involved in DRESS. The mucosal membrane of the oral cavity and eyes was often affected in SJS. The most common causative agents in both diseases were antibiotics (DRESS 4/11 (37%), SJS 8/20 (40%)), followed by anticonvulsants (DRESS 3/11 (27%), SJS 7/20 (35%)). In addition, dapsone, allopurinol, clopidogrel, sulfasalazine and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were sporadic causes. Conclusions: The most common causes of DRESS and SJS were antibiotics, followed by anticonvulsants, NSAIDs and sulfonamides. The increase in the use of antibiotics in Korea might explain this finding. © Copyright The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology • The Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease.
Jun J.W.,Hellenic Center for Marine Research |
Jun J.W.,Seoul National University |
Yun S.K.,Seoul National University |
Kim H.J.,Seoul National University |
And 2 more authors.
Research in Microbiology | Year: 2014
Shigellosis is one of major foodborne pathogens in both developed and developing countries. Although antibiotic therapy is considered an effective treatment for shigellosis, the imprudent use of antibiotics has led to the increase of multiple-antibiotic-resistant Shigella species globally. In this study, we isolated a virulent Podoviridae bacteriophage (phage), pSb-1, that infects Shigella boydii. One-step growth analysis revealed that this phage has a short latent period (15min) and a large burst size (152.63PFU/cell), indicating that pSb-1 has good host infectivity and effective lytic activity. The double-stranded DNA genome of pSb-1 is composed of 71,629bp with a G+C content of 42.74%. The genome encodes 103 putative ORFs, 9 putative promoters, 21 transcriptional terminators, and one tRNA region. Genome sequence analysis of pSb-1 and comparative analysis with the homologous phage EC1-UPM, N4-like phage revealed that there is a high degree of similarity (94%, nucleotide sequence identity) between pSb-1 and EC1-UPM in 73 of the 103 ORFs of pSb-1. The results of this investigation indicate that pSb-1 is a novel virulent N4-like phage infecting S. boydii and that this phage might have potential uses against shigellosis. © 2014 Institut Pasteur.
Han J.E.,Seoul National University |
Kim J.H.,Seoul National University |
Cheresca C.H.,Seoul National University |
Shin S.P.,Seoul National University |
And 4 more authors.
Research in Microbiology | Year: 2012
Antimicrobial resistance patterns in a collection of 33 motile Aeromonas species were described in this study. Quinolone has been frequently employed for treatment of Aeromonas-related diseases, and prolonged use of antimicrobial compounds has led to development of resistant strains. In a sample of diseased fish and environmental water, we evaluated nalidixic acid (n=19) and ciprofloxacin (n=4) resistance via minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays and the genetic basis was also investigated. Among the isolated Aeromonas spp., 17 strains encoded for chromosomal mutations of quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) in gyrA, 11 strains encoded for mutations of QRDRs in parC, 1 strain harbored plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) qnrS1-like gene and 4 strains harbored the PMQR qnrS2 gene. Inparticular, the new variant (qnrS1-like) differed from qnrS1 by 6 amino acid substitutions at positions 5 (Asn 5→Arg 5), 120 (Ser 120→Thr 120), 148 (Asn 148→His 148), 206 (Leu 206→Glu 206), 207 (Ile 207→ Leu 207), and 216 (Tyr 216→Phe 216), and the gene was designated qnrS5. These resistant strains may function as reservoirs of quinolone resistance. © 2011 Institut Pasteur.
Seong N.J.,Seoul National University |
Kim B.,Seoul National University |
Lee S.,Seoul National University |
Park H.S.,Konkuk University |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Roentgenology | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to simulate a mobile consultation in patients with inconclusive diagnosis of appendicitis made by on-call radiologists, as well as to measure the diagnostic confidence and performance of the mobile consultation. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Two off-site abdominal radiologists interpreted the CT images from 68 patients (including 29 patients with confirmed appendicitis) on a smartphone for whom the preliminary CT reports by 25 in-house on-call radiologists were inconclusive. The smartphone readings were compared with the preliminary reports by on-call radiologists and with the original final reports by in-house abdominal radiologists. Heat maps, kappa statistics, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and ROC curves were used for data analysis. RESULTS. The heat maps and kappa statistics showed that the smartphone readings were more similar to the final reports than to the preliminary reports. In diagnosing or ruling out appendicitis, the smartphone readings were more confident than the preliminary reports (p ≤ 0.01) and did not significantly differ in diagnostic confidence from the final reports (p ≥ 0.19). The AUCs of the smartphone readings (0.91 and 0.92) did not differ significantly from those of the preliminary (0.85) or final (0.97) reports ( p ≥ 0.09). CONCLUSION. With the given study sample, the diagnostic performance of the offsite smartphone readings did not differ significantly from that of the in-house preliminary reports. However, the smartphone readings provided higher diagnostic confidence than the preliminary reports. © American Roentgen Ray Society.
Yoon R.G.,Catholic Kwandong University |
Kim H.S.,University of Ulsan |
Kim D.Y.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Hong G.S.,University of Ulsan |
Kim S.J.,University of Ulsan
European Radiology | Year: 2016
Objectives: To determine the diagnostic superiority of parametric response mapping of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCPR) for predicting glioblastoma treatment response, compared to single time point measurement. Methods: Fifty post-treatment glioblastoma patients were enrolled. ADCPR was calculated from serial apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps acquired before and at the time of first detection of an enlarged contrast-enhancing lesion on voxel-by-voxel basis. The percentage-decrease in ADCPR and tenth percentile histogram cutoff value of ADC (ADC10) were compared at subsequent 3-month and 1-year follow-ups. Results: The percentage-decrease in ADCPR was significantly higher in the progression group (mean = 33.2–38.3 %) than in the stable-response group (mean = 9.7 %) at 3 months follow-up (corrected p < 0.001 for both readers). ADCPR significantly improved area under the receiver operating characteristic curve from 0.67 to 0.88 (corrected p = 0.037) and from 0.70 to 0.92 (corrected p = 0.020) for both readers, respectively, compared to ADC10 at 3-month follow-up, but did not significantly improve at 1-year follow-up. The inter-reader agreement was higher for ADCPR than ADC10 (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.93 versus 0.86). Conclusion: Voxel-based ADCPR appears to be a superior imaging biomarker than ADC, particularly for predicting early tumour progression in patients with glioblastoma. Key points: • Treatment response pattern of glioblastoma was evaluated using voxel-based ADCPR and ADC10. • Voxel-based ADCPR was more accurate in predicting treatment response pattern than ADC10. • Inter-reader agreement was higher in ADCPR calculation than in ADC10 calculation. • Voxel-based ADCPR can be a predictor of early treatment response pattern for glioblastoma. © 2015, European Society of Radiology.
Kwon J.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Lee D.,Yeungnam University
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery | Year: 2016
Background: Post infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an uncommon but life threatening complication of acute myocardial infarction. Case presentation: A 62-year-old woman was admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the day after angioplasty and stenting, Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed post infarction VSD. We decided to insert an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) device for stabilization purposes before surgical repair. After 4days from the implantation, we performed surgical repair successfully. Conclusions: When optimal medical treatment fails to stabilize a patient in cardiogenic shock, peripheral ECMO could be used as a bridge to definitive surgical therapy. © 2016 The Author(s).
Won H.-R.,Chung - Ang University |
Park J.H.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Kim K.S.,Chung - Ang University
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013
We report a case with review of literature of actinomycosis accompanied with aspergillosis arising in unilateral maxillary sinus, in which it was completely cured after endoscopic sinus surgery and short term antibiotic therapy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in literature reporting actinomycosis in combination with aspergillosis in the paranasal sinus. Also, we suggest short term antibiotic therapy within one month may be sufficient if the surgical opening of paranasal sinus involved by actinomycosis could be well preserved. © 2012 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
Lee J.S.,Yonsei University |
Lee J.S.,Bundang Jesaeng Hospital |
Chun J.W.,Yonsei University |
Yoon S.Y.,Yonsei University |
And 2 more authors.
Schizophrenia Research | Year: 2014
Blunted affect is a relatively enduring schizophrenic symptom and its presence brings about poor functioning and outcomes. Functional impairment in the mirror neuron system which is involved in both motor execution and imitation may be a neural basis of blunted affect, but it is not proved yet. Fifteen patients with schizophrenia and 16 healthy controls performed the facial expression task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. The task was to reproduce facial expressions in response to the face or word stimuli for happiness, sadness, and meaningless expression. Brain activities during facial expressions in patients compared with controls and their relationship with affective flattening were analyzed. Compared to controls, patients exhibited decreased activity in the widespread dorsal frontal regions and increased activity in the ventral frontal and subcortical regions. Patients also demonstrated significant negative correlation of the severity of affective flattening with activities in the mirror neuron system, such as the premotor cortex, motor cortex, and inferior parietal lobule. Emotional expression in patients with schizophrenia may be related to hypoactivity of the dorsal system and hyperactivity of the ventral system. An imbalance of these two systems may contribute to blunted affect. Directly addressing blunted affect using emotional expression provides a new perspective that functional disturbance of the mirror neuron system may play an important role in manifestation of blunted affect in schizophrenia. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.