Building Research Establishment

Glasgow, United Kingdom

Building Research Establishment

Glasgow, United Kingdom

The Building Research Establishment is a former UK government establishment that carries out research, consultancy and testing for the construction and built environment sectors in the United Kingdom. The BRE is headquartered in Watford with regional sites in Glasgow and Swansea.Among the BRE's areas of interest are participation in the preparation of national and international standards and building codes, including the UK Building Regulations. The organisation is now funded by income from its commercial programmes, the BRE bookshop, contracted work, and by bidding for research funding from government and the industries it serves. It also has UKAS Accredited Testing Laboratories. Wikipedia.

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: WASTE-1-2014 | Award Amount: 9.95M | Year: 2015

The aims of BAMB (Buildings as Material Banks) are the prevention of construction and demolition waste, the reduction of virgin resource consumption and the development towards a circular economy through industrial symbiosis, addressing the challenges mentioned in the Work Programme on Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials. The focus of the project is on building construction and process industries (from architects to raw material suppliers). The BAMB-project implements the principles of the waste hierarchy: the prevention of waste, its reuse and recycling. Key is to improve the value of materials used in buildings for recovery. This is achieved by developing and integrating two complementary value adding frameworks, (1) materials passports and (2) reversible building design. These frameworks will be able to change conventional (cradle-to-grave) building design, so that buildings can be transformed to new functions (extending their life span) or disassembled to building components or material feedstock that can be upcycled in new constructions (using materials passports). This way, continuous loops of materials are created while large amounts of waste will be prevented. Activities from research to market introduction are planned. Fundamental knowledge gaps should be bridged in order to introduce both frameworks on the market. Advanced ICT tools and management models will enable market uptake and the organization of circular value chains in building and process industries. New business models for (circular) value chains will be developed and tested on selected materials. The inclusion of strategic partners along the value chains in an industrial board will maximize market replicability potential, while several (mostly privately funded) building pilots will demonstrate the potential of the new techniques. Awareness will be raised to facilitate the transition towards circularity by policy reform and changing consumer behavior.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EeB-07-2015 | Award Amount: 7.91M | Year: 2015

Measurement campaigns have shown major discrepancies in buildings energy performance between planned energy demand and real energy consumption, while nowadays most of the newly constructed offices buildings are equipped with BMS systems, integrating a more or less extended measurement layer providing large amounts of data. Their integration in the building management sector offers an improvement capability of 22 % as some studies demonstrate. The HIT2GAP project will develop a new generation of building monitoring and control tools based on advanced data treatment techniques allowing new approaches to assess building energy performance data, getting a better understanding of buildings behaviour and hence a better performance. From a strong research layer on data, HIT2GAP will build on existing measurement and control tools that will be embedded into a new software platform for performance optimization. The solution will be: - Fully modular: able to integrate several types and generations of data treatment modules (different algorithms) and data display solutions, following a plug and play approach - Integrating data mining for knowledge discovery (DMKD) as a core technique for buildings behaviour assessment and understanding The HIT2GAP solution will be applied as a novel intelligent layer offering new capability of the existing BMS systems and offering the management stakeholders opportunities for services with a novel added value. Applying the solutions to groups of buildings will also allow to test energy demand vs. local production management modules. This will be tested in various pilot sites across Europe. HIT2GAP work will be realized with a permanent concern about market exploitation of the solutions developed within the project, with specific partnerships about business integration of the tools in the activity of key energy services partners of the consortium.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SCC-03-2015 | Award Amount: 1.07M | Year: 2016

systEmic Standardisation apPRoach to Empower Smart citieS and cOmmunities (ESPRESSO) focuses on the development of a conceptual Smart Cities Information Framework, which consists of a Smart City platform (the so-called Smart City enterprise application) and a number of data provision and processing services to integrate data, workflows, and processes in applications relevant for Smart Cities within a common framework. To build this framework, the project will identify relevant open standards, technologies, and information models that are currently in use or in development in the various sectors. It analyzes potential issues caused by gaps and overlaps across standards developed by the various standardization organizations and provides guidelines on how to effectively solve those issues. Particular emphasize will be put on common denominators in order to eventually allow for horizontal interoperability between the various sectors of a smart city. Though horizontal interoperability is out of scope for this project, emphasizing integration reference models as a key common denominator (e.g. in the form of multi-dimensional city models) already defines essential parts of the foundation for future levels of interoperability.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: Energy | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015

The Concerted Action EPBD IV, supporting transposition and implementation of Directive 2010/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings, is an activity which aims to foster exchange of information and experience among Member States and participating countries with regards to the implementation of the specific Community legislation and policy on the energy performance of buildings. It involves the national authorities implementing the Directive, or those bodies appointed and entrusted by them to do so. It is carried out under the coordination of Danish Energy Agency, DEA. The CA consortium is composed of organisations designated by all 28 Member States plus Norway. The CA is financed by the EUs Horizon 2020 Programme. The CA is the continuation of the first Concerted Action, CA EPBD, which ran from January 2005 to June 2007, then continued as the CA EPBD II from December 2007 until November 2010 and then CA EPBD III from March 2011 to October 2015. The CA IV will organise 4 CA Plenary meetings and some supporting activities over a period 30 months or approximately one meeting every 7-8 months, similar to the CA III. The work will be organised in Central Teams, which includes: a) 3 Core Teams on New Buildings, Existing Buildings and Certification & Quality of Inspection; b) 3 Cross-Cutting teams on Technical Elements, Policy & Implementation and Compliance, Capacity & Impact; c) 2 central functions on Collaboration with other actors and Internal & External Communication; and some additional functions and supporting measures. For each Central Team, issues are addressed on which the Directive does not require harmonised national implementation but where coordinated implementation would increase the impact of the Directive and reduce the implementing costs.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EeB-07-2015 | Award Amount: 6.89M | Year: 2016

The estimated average gap between calculated and actual energy performance of the European building stock is 25% for energy performance and 1,5% for comfort performance (as scored by building occupants). Comprehensive research has shown that faultily commissioned and operated building management systems are a main cause for this gap mainly caused by the lack of appropriate and coherent quality management systems for building performance. The objective of this project is therefore to develop and demonstrate pragmatic services and appropriate tools supporting quality management in the design, construction, commissioning and operation phase as a means to close this gap in European buildings. The project will integrate different innovative ICT-driven tools supporting the quality management process into building and energy services, and will apply them to a representative set of European buildings (taking into account different climate zones and different energy services). The result of this project will be a comprehensive QUANTUM quality management platform integrating tools, services and processes. The partners will implement EU-wide dissemination activities to inform the stakeholders about the advantages of comprehensive quality management systems for the building industry, and to promote the tools validated in the project. Stakeholders that will benefit from the results of this project include building owners, tenants, ESCOs, developers, architects, engineering and consulting firms, students and public authorities. Aside from savings on the energy costs CO2 emissions will be reduced and employee productivity in buildings equipped with the tools and services will increase as well due to increased occupant comfort. From previous preliminary data and own estimations, the QUANTUM partners expect that the reduction in energy consumption achieved by coherent quality management for building performance to be more than 10%.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EEB-01-2016 | Award Amount: 5.54M | Year: 2016

The GELCLAD project aims at creating a novel cost-effective, durable, industrialised and easy to install composite insulation cladding system, based on a single multi-meso-structured panel with excellent insulation properties, made from functional bio-polymer composite (ecoWPC) as skin coupling with unique advanced foamable extrudable aerogel (FEA) as insulation core/layer. The GELCLAD is produced using a single co-extrusion procedure in which both ecoWPC framing skin and FEA core are simultaneously formed such that no discontinuity is formed between them. Using a multilayer effective continuous extrusion allows the benefits of high quality multi-meso-structured systems and productive production to be obtained without the traditional drawbacks of existing bonding lamination of extremely high embodied energy insulation materials, and high labouring and skilled installation of multi material layers. By combining also this biopolymer based ecoWPC/aerogel with passive pre-programed materials responding dynamically to ambient stimuli and control the air flow, GELCLAD wants to target the market as a novel environmentally friendly multi-functional smart cladding solution, to be used as an ecological alternative to the current cladding and ventilated faade systems. The foreseen impacts of the novel GELCLAD will be 20% lower embodied energy and carbon than traditional oil based panels, attain more than 40% reduction of energy savings due to GELCLAD refurbishment, reduce costs of 40% over traditional faade thanks to single panel systems, less installation and maintenance expenses, while providing functional building envelope solutions for a life span over 50 years. Full scale demonstration of the application of the novel cladding generation will be performed in demo and public building in Spain and Slovenia for ready uptake and spreading of new technologies, and many other building systems will follow after the success of GELCLAD.


Concrete is the most widely used man-made material on Earth, with an annual consumption of around 10 billion m. However, its fabrication is characterized by total CO2 emissions amounting to around 5% of the worldwide anthropogenic GHG emissions. More sustainable cements with lower embodied energy and CO2 footprint are needed. As stated in the European Directive on Energy Performance of Buildings (COM 2010/31/EU), the development of better performing insulation materials and lightweight systems for building envelopes is crucial, playing a significant role in the reduction of buildings operational energy while complying with the load bearing features of existing building structures. The ECO-binder project aims to implement industrial R&D activities on the results of previous research, demonstrating the possibility of replacing Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and OPC based concrete products with new ones based on the new Belite-Yeelimite-Ferrite (BYF) class of low-CO2 binders to develop a new generation of concrete-based construction materials and prefabricated building envelope components with more than 30% lower embodied energy, 20% improved insulation properties and 15% lower cost than the actual solutions based on Portland cement. The new building envelope solutions will integrate multiple functions in a single product package, providing the higher performances in terms of acoustic insulation/absorption, fire resistance, dimensional stability, indoor air quality optimization, at an affordable cost. Demonstration of full-scale retrofitting and construction will be performed prototyping and installing a family of prefabricated concrete systems of different complexity and end-use in four different climatic conditions involving public authorities.. Results will be validated through dedicated LCAs, fostering the construction materials sector progress towards increased performing and eco-sustainable products.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EEB-01-2016 | Award Amount: 6.25M | Year: 2016

WALL IN ONE will develop a consistent package of new advanced sustainable insulation products and systems. The HONEST (High performance Optimized Nanomaterial Energy efficient SysTem) package is a modular toolbox system providing a set of complementary solutions that will address most of the complex challenges raised by thermal renovation as well as new construction. The HONEST package includes: insulating thermal coating-finishing with low emissivity, internal high performance insulating plaster, insulating interior patching filler, external high performance insulating render, and insulation clay bricks. These products/systems will provide top insulation performance as well as improved comfort, indoor air quality, fire safety, durability and sustainability. These highly efficient products are achieved through the synergy between the different members of the consortium through combining the high performance, sustainable, and advanced nanotechnology of the silica aerogel, with existing, already approved, efficient products. The aerogel materials structure properties and cost will be optimised. The process of the five high efficient mineral insulation systems will be scaled-up to test replicability, processability and reach industrial scale. Then, these five systems will be fully characterised including an LCA assessment, along with certification and standardization activities. In addition, the project sets a major focus on the go to market validation of the five products. Business planning and a field market test will be carried out, along with performance assessments on real buildings, and training and communication tools design, in order to maximize use potentials and foster a wide replication throughout Europe The products from the WALL IN ONE project are key enablers to energy and CO2 emissions savings at European level. They will strengthen the industrial leadership and competitiveness of Europe in the construction sector on a global level.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 246.00K | Year: 2015

Recent flooding has laid bare the vulnerability of urban areas and buildings. In the winter of 2013/14 there was an insured loss of over £1bn, with much more being spent by local authorities and government to recover and repair urban areas. The result is that property owners have found affordable insurance difficult to find, if they can be insured at all. In response BRE, AXA and Lexis Nexis have developed a pilot property flood resilience database (PFR-d) that provides a dataset for insurers to assess the impact of measure taken by property owners to address their flood risk. In the Urban Floods Resilience project the same team in association with Liverpool City Council will further develop the PFR-d to incorporate a PFR-score, to quantify the impact of the resilience measures. The data on the PFR-d will be uploaded by certified PFR-surveyors; thus it will involve the development of training and a certification scheme. The PFR-d will be further developed to integrate local authority flood risk data, water / flood infrastructure assets, community data and satellite data of previous flood events. The PFR-d will therefore become a way for urban areas to address and manage flood risk.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 489.00K | Year: 2015

In the UK there over 25 million domestic dwellings. More than 80% of these homes depend on gas boilers to provide space and hot water heating. Against the context of dwindling UK gas reserves, increased sensitivity to gas supplies sourced internationally and the potential for unsustainable growth in peak time electricity generation, there is a growing imperative to seek alternative heating systems. RISE (Renewable Integrated & Sustainable Electric Heating System) is such an alternative, all-electric heat pump with storage heating system that avoids the use of peak time power. The RISE Project will build on the earlier technical validation of the concept, to carry out live trials in up to four apartments in a multi-dwelling unit (MDU) in Eastbourne. This live demonstration will utilise optimising controls to simulatenaously control the occupants thermal comfort needs and the electricity demand proflies to provide a Smart Grid approach to sustainable heating for the UK, in real time. The project schedule is to start April 2015, with live trials starting in October 2015, with the performance monitoring. The projects outputs will support RISE towards commercialisation and manufacture.

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