Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center

Hualian, Taiwan

Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center

Hualian, Taiwan
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Tseng K.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Tseng K.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | Lin M.-N.,Tzu Chi University | Lin M.-N.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Emerging Microbes and Infections | Year: 2017

The high seroprevalence of human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) in moderate or severe cirrhotics appears to be associated with male sex, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, alcoholism, and disease severity. The status of HHV-8 infection in mild cirrhotics remains unclear. Plasma samples collected from 93 mild cirrhotics and 93 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analyzed for HHV-8 antibody and HHV-8 DNA. Mild cirrhotics had higher seropositivity for HHV-8 antibodies than healthy controls (P=0.0001). Univariate logistic regression analysis revealed that an age ≥55 years (odds ratio (OR) 2.88, P=0.02), hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (OR 3.42, P=0.01), and hepatitis activity (OR 4.10, P=0.004) were associated with HHV-8 seropositivity in cirrhotics. Stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that age ≥55 years (adjusted OR (aOR) 1.92, P=0.04) and hepatitis activity (aOR 3.55, P=0.005) were independent factors. The rate of hepatitis activity was higher in HCV-infected than in HBV-infected patients (P<0.0001) and in women than in men (P=0.0001). Cirrhotics who were seropositive for HHV-8 or HCV or had hepatitis activity were significantly older (P=0.02, <0.0001 and <0.0001, respectively). Plasma samples from all participants were negative for HHV-8 DNA. HHV-8 antibody titers in mild cirrhotics also markedly exceeded those in controls (P<0.0001), as did those in patients ≥55 years old vs. younger patients (P=0.01), those in patients with vs. without HCV infection (P=0.0008), and those in patients with vs. without hepatitis activity (P=0.0005). Mild cirrhotics had high HHV-8 seroprevalence and HCV infection, and, in particular, old age and hepatitis activity were predictors. © The Author(s) 2017.

Wu H.-P.,Buddhist Tzuchi General Hospital | Wu H.-P.,Tzuchi University | Chou Y.-F.,Buddhist Tzuchi General Hospital Taipei Branch | Yu S.-H.,Tainan University of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Otology and Neurotology | Year: 2011

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine, through a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, whether intratympanic steroid injections (ITSIs) could improve hearing recovery in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) who did not respond to initial systemic steroid therapy. Study Design: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Setting: The study was conducted in 2 tertiary referral centers. Patients: A total of 60 patients with idiopathic SSHL who did not respond to an initial round of systemic steroid therapy were included in this study. The subjects were randomized into an ITSI group and an intratympanic normal saline injection (ITNI) group, which were matched by age and sex. A total of 55 subjects completed the study. Intervention:: Participants received either ITSIs or ITNIs. Both groups received 4 injections within a 2-week period. Main Outcome Measures: Pure-tone thresholds were compared between the 2 groups 1 month after injection therapy. Results: In the ITNI group, the pure-tone threshold was 69.9 ± 18.5 dB before intratympanic injection therapy. After therapy, the hearing threshold improved by an average of 4.5 ± 6.5 dB, and 10.7% of subjects improved by 10 dB or more. In the ITSI group, the pure-tone threshold was 64.6 ± 17.7 dB before intratympanic injection therapy. After the therapy, the hearing threshold improved by an average of 9.8 ± 8.5 dB, and 44.4% of subjects improved by 10 dB or more. Both the response rate and the level of hearing improvement were significantly greater in the ITSI group than in the ITNI group. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that ITSIs are beneficial as a salvage therapy for the treatment of patients with idiopathic SSHL who fail to respond to initial systemic steroid therapy. Copyright © 2011 Otology & Neurotology, Inc.

Su C.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Lai C.-L.,Tzu Chi University | Tsao S.-M.,Chung Shan Medical University | Lin M.-N.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2015

Blood samples were collected from 101 untreated pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients and 101 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. TB patients had lower lymphocyte and a higher monocyte counts than control subjects (p <0.0001 for both). The seropositive rate of human herpesvirus (HHV) type 8 antibody was higher in patients (30/101) than in control subjects (15/101) (p = 0.01). Antibody titres in patients also exceeded those in control subjects (p 0.006). Lymphocyte and monocyte counts between seronegative and seropositive subjects were not different. Four patients were positive for HHV-8 DNA. The study revealed a significantly higher HHV-8 seroprevalence in untreated pulmonary TB patients than in general population. © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

Huang S.-F.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital | Su W.-J.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital | Su W.-J.,National Yang Ming University | Dou H.-Y.,National Health Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2012

Genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) are related to the geographic origin of the patients and population migration. The relationship between genotypes of MTB and clinical presentations has mainly focused on transmission of multi-drug resistant MTB strain in population. This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology and dynamic change of MTB genotypes in Taiwan, and their association with clinical presentation among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. A multi-center, two-year study which enrolled 516 patients with 516 MTB isolates was conducted, including: (1) 254 isolates from northern Taiwan; (2) 38 isolates from mid-western Taiwan; (3) 211 isolates from southern Taiwan; and (4) 13 isolates from the east coast of Taiwan. The isolates were genotyped with spoligotyping and standardized 12-loci-MIRU-VNTR method. The results showed Beijing/Beijing-like family was the major genotype of MTB in the northern (58%), eastern (53%), and southern (33%) regions. The second most widely spread lineage were the EAI-Manila (20% in the west and south) and Haarlem family (13-27% in the south, west, and east). According to the cluster analysis of 12-MIRU-VNTR genotypes, there were differences in distribution of MTB genotype between the northern and southern regions, and a temporal relationship between isolation year and 12-MIRU-VNTR genotype especially in loci 26 and 39 might exist. Furthermore, some patients with cavity lesions on chest films were associated with a cluster of Beijing family MTB strains, which can be defined by cluster analysis of 12-MIRU-VNTR genotype. However, the results of 12-loci-MIRU-VNTR genotyping in a longitudinal study should be interpreted with caution due to its short term instability. Further investigations of different molecular methodologies are necessary. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Wu Y.-C.,Chang Gung University | Chang I.-C.,National Health Research Institute | Wang C.-L.,Chang Gung University | Chen T.-D.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linko | And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background:Recently Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4- anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion gene has become an important biomarker for ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (crizotinib) treatment in NSCLC. However, the best detection method and the significance of EML4-ALK variant types remain uncertain.Methods:Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), fluorescence in Situ hybridization (FISH) and Immunohistochemical (IHC) stain were performed on tumor tissues of 312 NSCLC patients for detection of ALK rearrangements. Mutation analyses for EGFR and KRAS genes were also performed.Results:Thirteen of the 312 patients (4.17%) had ALK rearrangements detected by RT-PCR. If RT-PCR data was used as the gold standard, FISH tests had a low sensitivity (58.33%), but very good specificity (99.32%). IHC stain had better sensitivity (91.67%) than FISH, but lower specificity (79.52%), when the cut off was IHC2+. All of the 8 patients with high abundance of EML4-ALK positive cells in tumor tissues (assessed by the signal intensities of the RT-PCR product), were also have high expression of ALK protein (IHC3+), and positive for FISH, except one failed in FISH. Variants 3a+3b (4/5, 80%) of EML4-ALK fusion gene were more common to have high abundance of EML4-ALK positive cells in tumor tissues than variant 1 (1/3, 33.3%). Meta-analysis of the published data of 2273 NSCLC patients revealed that variant 3 (23/44, 52.3%) was the most common type in Chinese population, while variant 1 (28/37, 75.7%) was most common in Caucasian.Conclusions:Among the three detection methods, RT-PCR could detect not only the presence of EML4-ALK fusion gene and their variant types, but also the abundance of EML4-ALK positive cells in NSCLC tumor tissues. The latter two factors might affect the treatment response to anti-ALK inhibitor. Including RT-PCR as a diagnostic test for ALK inhibitor treatment in the prospective clinical trials is recommended. © 2013 Wu et al.

Su C.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Su C.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital | Tsai J.-P.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital | Tsai J.-P.,Chung Shan Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2013

Background: Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) is the aetiologic agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). The incidence of KS in renal transplant patients is much higher than in healthy controls. The risk is even higher among recipients seropositive for HHV-8 before transplantation. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are immunocompromised and are candidates for renal transplantation, but HHV-8 seroprevalence in ESRD patients has not been well documented. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate HHV-8 seroprevalence in ESRD patients in a cohort in Taiwan. Study design: Blood samples collected from 149 ESRD patients and 149 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analysed for HHV-8 antibody with immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and for HHV-8 DNA with polymerase chain reaction. Results: Seropositivity and titres for HHV-8 antibodies with IFA as well as seropositivity with ELISA were significantly greater in ESRD patients than in healthy controls ( P= 0.006, 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). Patients with a history of taking herbal medicine had significantly greater ELISA positivity than those without such a history ( P= 0.004). ELISA positives, particularly patients, had much higher IFA antibody titres than ELISA negatives ( P<. 0.0001). Seropositivity in ESRD patients was not related to lymphopaenia, monocytosis, dialysis duration or a history of transfusion. Two diabetic ESRD patients were positive for HHV-8 DNA. Conclusions: ESRD patients had significantly greater HHV-8 seropositivity than healthy controls in Taiwan. This association seems to be related to the geographic location of the cohort and invites further studies for the early association of HHV-8 infection in ESRD patients and risk for KS. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Yu C.-T.,National Cheng Kung University | Yu C.-T.,Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center | Chao S.-C.,National Cheng Kung University | Lee H.-C.,National Cheng Kung University | And 7 more authors.
AIDS and Behavior | Year: 2013

A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, types, and risk factors associated with anal HPV infection among HIV-infected men in outpatient clinics at an AIDS designated hospital in Taiwan. Anal swabs were collect and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) was used to analyze the types of anal HPV infection. HPV DNA was detected in 74.2% of the 198 participants, including high-risk types (40.4%), low-risk types (18.2%) and multiple-types (6%). The most common types were HPV 16 (13.1%), 6 (10.4%), 11 (7.1%) and 18 (6.1%). The significant risk factor for being infected with any type or a high-risk type of HPV was having sexual partners (>3) in the preceding 6 months. Low-risk type of anal HPV infection was associated with a history of anal lesions. Our findings support the need for regular follow-up of all HIV/HPV coinfected patients and their partners to allow early detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Yang K.-L.,Buddhist Tzu Chi Stem Cells Center | Yang K.-L.,Tzu Chi University | Lee J.-T.,Tzu Chi University | Pang C.-Y.,Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center | And 7 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters | Year: 2012

Human adipose-derived stem cells (huADSC) were generated from fat tissue of a 65-year-old male donor. Flow cytometry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses indicated that the huADSC express neural cell proteins (MAP2, GFAP, nestin and β-III tubulin), neurotrophic growth factors (BDNF and GDNF), and the chemotactic factor CXCR4 and its corresponding ligand CXCL12. In addition, huADSC expressed the characteristic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) markers CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105 and HLA class I. The huADSC were employed, via a right femoral vein injection, to treat rats inflicted with experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Behavioral measurement on the experimental animals, seven days after the huADSC therapy, showed a significant functional improvement in the rats with stem cell therapy in comparison with rats of the control group without the stem cell therapy. The injected huADSC were detectable in the brains of the huADSC treated rats as determined by histochemistry analysis, suggesting a role of the infused huADSC in facilitating functional recovery of the experimental animals with ICH induced stroke. © 2012 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

Su C.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Su C.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | Tseng K.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Tseng K.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Cirrhosis patients have immunologic insufficiency and a high seroprevalence of human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8). Nearly all hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients are cirrhotic and have immunoabnormalities. This study aimed to assess the HHV-8 seroprevalence and hemograms in HCC patients. Blood samples from 95 HCC patients, 95 age-, sex-, and Child–Pugh class-matched cirrhotics, and 95 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analyzed for anti-HHV-8 antibodies, HHV-8 DNA, and lymphocyte, monocyte, and platelet counts. HCC patients had lower lymphocyte and platelet counts and a higher monocyte count than the healthy controls (each p < 0.0001). HCC patients, and particularly those with a severe Child–Pugh class, had higher platelet counts than the corresponding cirrhosis patients (p = 0.003 and 0.002, respectively). HHV-8 seropositivity and antibody titers in HCC patients were comparable with values in cirrhosis patients and were much higher than in controls (both p < 0.0001). HCC patients, but not cirrhosis patients, had a higher prevalence of high anti-HHV-8 antibody titers (≥1:160) than healthy controls (p = 0.003). HCC patients with lymphopenia or thrombocytopenia had lower HHV-8 seropositivity than those without lymphopenia and thrombocytopenia (p = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). One each of HCC and cirrhosis patients were positive for HHV-8 DNA. HCC patients seemed to suffer from less severe or shorter duration of portal hypertension compared with Child–Pugh class-matched cirrhosis patients. HCC patients had a high HHV-8 seroprevalence, which seemed to be inversely associated with lymphopenia and thrombocytopenia. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Su C.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Su C.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | Lai C.-L.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital | Lai C.-L.,Tzu Chi University | And 4 more authors.
Medical Microbiology and Immunology | Year: 2015

Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) DNA is consistently found in all types of Kaposi’s sarcoma, which is prevalent in immunocompromised patients. Patients with advanced lung carcinoma often showed immunologic abnormalities, and prevalence of HHV-8 infection is unclear. In this study, blood samples from 109 lung carcinoma patients and 109 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analyzed for lymphocyte and monocyte counts, and for antibody, DNA, and genotype of HHV-8. Lung carcinoma patients had significantly lower lymphocyte and higher monocyte counts than healthy controls (p < 0.0001, both). HHV-8 seropositivity was more prevalent in lung carcinoma patients (41.3 %), particularly in male patients (50.8 %), than in controls (24.8 %) (p = 0.01 and 0.002, respectively). The seropositivity was also significantly higher in male (50.8 %) than female patients (27.3 %, p = 0.01). Titers of HHV-8 antibody in patients also significantly exceeded those in controls (p = 0.004). Under a higher threshold (antibody titer ≥1:160) which is equivalent to that of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, lung carcinoma patients still had higher HHV-8 seropositivity than controls (p = 0.006). Three patients with stage IV lung carcinoma were positive for HHV-8 DNA with K1 gene subtype C3, D1, and E, respectively; they had much lower lymphocyte counts (658 ± 132 µL) than patients positive for HHV-8 antibodies only (1,449 ± 873 µL). The study indicates that lung carcinoma patients, particularly males, have a high seroprevalence of HHV-8. HHV-8 DNA detected in the patients with advanced lung carcinoma may be a result of virus reactivation in the immunocompromised status. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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