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Hsu N.-Y.,Chung Shan Medical University | Wu J.-Y.,Buddhist General Tzu Chi Hospital | Liu X.,City of Hope National Medical Center | Yen Y.,City of Hope National Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2011

Overexpression of ribonucleotide reductase M2 (hRRM2) and p53-dependent RR small subunit (p53R2) has been correlated with tumor malignancy and progression in several types of cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the association of p53R2/hRRM2 expression with clinicopathological characteristics of stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Immunohistochemistry was conducted on a tissue array that included 92 samples. Correlations between hRRM2 and p53R2 expression and clinicopathological factors, recurrence/metastasis, and outcomes were analyzed. The analyses revealed that there was no correlation between p53R2 expression and clinicopathological factors; hRRM2 was only positively related to poor tumor differentiation (p=0.006). Regarding overall survival during the follow-up period, patients with p53R2+/hRRM2- tumors had the best outcomes (p<0.01). Multivariant Cox analysis revealed that p53R2 (risk=0.232, 95% CI=0.086-0.626, p=0.004) not only served as a prognostic biomarker to predict survival, but also as an independent biomarker to predict disease-free survival (risk=0.545, 95% CI=0.301-0.987, p=0.045) of patients with NSCLC. Therefore, we consider that the expression of p53R2 can be used not only as a biomarker for overall survival, but also as an indicator for tumor recurrence. Based on our finding, p53R2 expression seems more important than that of hRRM2 in prognosis of early-stage lung cancer.

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