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Baldi G.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | Battistoni S.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | Battistoni S.,University of Parma | Attolini G.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | And 8 more authors.
Semiconductor Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Logic elements endowed with memory are realized with two types of memristors: organic and inorganic ones. The organic devices are based on a polyaniline/polyethylene oxide heterostructure, while the inorganic ones are based on a Pt/Al2O3/Ti heterostructure. The memristors are characterized by measuring cyclic voltage-current characteristics. They are then used to make AND gates showing memory abilities, exhibiting different behaviors. In the case of the inorganic devices the OFF/ON transitions are very fast when two inputs are applied simultaneously, while they are slow, with a gradual increase of the conductivity, in the case of the organic devices. The two types of devices are suggested as logic elements for future neuromorphic computers combining memory and processing properties. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source


Baldi G.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | Bosi M.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | Giusti G.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | Attolini G.,CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism | And 9 more authors.
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2015

We propose a multi-technique approach based on in-vacuum synthesis of metal oxides to optimize the memristive properties of devices that use a metal oxide thin film as insulating layer. Pulsed Microplasma Cluster Source (PMCS) is based on supersonic beams seeded by clusters of the metal oxide. Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films can be grown at room temperature, controlling the oxide stoichiometry from titanium metal up to a significant oxygen excess. Pulsed Electron beam Deposition (PED) is suitable to grow crystalline thin films on large areas, a step towards producing device arrays with controlled morphology and stoichiometry. Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) is a powerful technique to grow materials layer-by-layer, finely controlling the chemical and structural properties of the film up to thickness of 50-80?nm. We will present a few examples of metal-insulator-metal structures showing a pinched hysteresis loop in their current-voltage characteristic. The structure, stoichiometry and morphology of the metal oxide layer, either aluminum oxide or titanium dioxide, is investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and by Raman scattering. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC. Source


Francioso L.,Biomedical University of Rome | De Pascali C.,Biomedical University of Rome | Siciliano P.,Biomedical University of Rome | De Risi A.,University of Salento | And 3 more authors.
IEEE SENSORS 2013 - Proceedings | Year: 2013

Present work highlights the progress in the field of polymeric package reliability engineering for a flexible thermoelectric generator realized by thin film semiconductor technology on Kapton®. Together with mechanical enhancement, the thermal insulation performance of the realized 3D custom package was tested. The effect of different plasma treatments on the mechanical performance and interface of a Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/Kapton® assembly were investigated; in order to increase the package mechanical stability of the realized wearable power source, Kapton® surface wettability was investigated by static contact angle measurements using deionized water and PDMS as liquid test. In fact, well known weak adhesion between PDMS and Kapton® leads to delamination of the package with unrecoverable damage of the generator. Plasma effect on adhesion performances was evaluated by scratch test method. By a numerical thermal analysis, the device packaging was optimized by coupling the module realized onto Kapton foil (by thin film PVD technology) to a PDMS layer opportunely molded to thermally insulate TEG cold junctions and enhance the thermal gradient useful for thermocouples operation. Fabrication process with optical lithography steps allows high resolution definition of thermoelectric semiconductors alloys. The main advances in wearable generator packaging technology is represented by increased structural robustness of PDMS/Kapton® assembly in terms of delamination and fatigue resistance. © 2013 IEEE. Source


Francioso L.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | De Pascali C.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Bartali R.,FBK Bruno Kessler Foundation | Morganti E.,FBK Bruno Kessler Foundation | And 3 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2013

The present work highlights the progress in the field of polymeric package reliability engineering for a flexible thermoelectric generator realized by thin-film technology on a Kapton substrate. The effects of different plasma treatments on the mechanical performance at the interface of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/Kapton assembly were investigated. To increase the package mechanical stability of the realized wearable power source, the Kapton surface wettability after plasma exposure was investigated by static contact-angle measurements using deionized water and PDMS as test liquids. In fact, the well-known weak adhesion between PDMS and Kapton can lead to a delamination of the package with an unrecoverable damage of the generator. The plasma effect on the adhesion performances was evaluated by the scratch-test method. The best result was obtained by performing a nitrogen plasma treatment at a radio-frequency power of 20 W and a gas flow of 20 sccm, with a measured critical load of 1.45 N, which is 2.6 times greater than the value measured on an untreated Kapton substrate and 1.9 times greater than the one measured using a commercial primer. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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