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Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei

Institut Teknologi Brunei , is an engineering and technology university in Brunei Darussalam that specializes in the niche areas of engineering, business and computing.ITB was established as a higher learning institution in 1986 that offered Higher National Diploma programmes in Engineering, Business and Computing. These programmes are aimed at producing para-professionals for the industry. ITB’s ethos has always been based around the idea that effective instruction, hands-on approach and industry-based programmes equip students with fundamental knowledge, competence and marketable skills. This guiding principle has helped ITB produce graduates who are highly valued by local employers and readily accepted by universities in the UK, Australia and other countries where ITB students further their studies. ITB was upgraded to a university in 2008, and since then, tremendous development has taken place including the expansion of its academic programmes portfolio, establishment of strategic partnerships with industries and universities, embarking on the process of programmes accreditation by professional bodies, and intensification of research activities.Although ITB has moved towards offering undergraduate and graduate programmes starting from 2009, ITB continues to take pride in and maintain its successful hands-on approach in teaching and learning, and also the relevancy of its curricula to the needs of the industry.In research, ITB is striving to become a university that can contribute to the enrichment of knowledge and the solving of contemporary issues through its research endeavours. ITB’s research efforts are focused along three research thrusts: Oil and Gas, Green Technology and Water. The ITB Centre for Transport Research was established to carry out research activities that include policy studies, transport modelling and intelligent transport system, and focuses on the areas of Transport Safety, Highway & Geotechnics, and Traffic. The newly established Centre for Innovative Engineering aims to become a dynamic centre for multidisciplinary and innovative translational research.Today, ITB is home to around 2,273 students 140 faculty members. ITB has produced 4,483 HND graduates and 128 degree graduates. Academic programmes are being offered by the Faculty of Engineering, School of Computing and Informatics and School of Business. The Faculty of Engineering comprises four programme areas: Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Petroleum & Chemical Engineering. The School of Computing and Informatics consists of three programme areas: Creative Computing, Computer Information Systems and Computer Network Security. Meanwhile, the ITB School of Business has three programme areas: Economics, Accounting and Management. The Centre for Communication, Teaching and Learning supports the faculty and schools in terms of students’ language proficiencies and soft skills development. Wikipedia.

Pourtousi M.,University of Malaya | Sahu J.N.,University of Malaya | Sahu J.N.,Brunei Institute of Technology | Ganesan P.,University of Malaya
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification | Year: 2014

The numerical approaches have been used in many studies to predict the flow pattern inside the bubble column reactors because of the difficulties that are still found in designing and scaling-up the bubble columns. This review makes an effort to show suitable interfacial forces i.e., drag force, lift force, turbulent dispersion models and virtual mass and turbulence models such as standard k-e model, Reynolds Stress Model, Large Eddy Simulation to predict flow pattern inside the bubble column using Eulerian-Eulerian. The effect of various interfacial forces and turbulence models on gas-liquid velocity and gas hold-up in bubble column is critically reviewed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Saeid N.H.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Journal of Porous Media | Year: 2015

The jet impingement cooling of a solid rectangular block heated from below and immersed in a fluid-saturated porous medium is considered for investigation numerically. The jet direction is considered to be perpendicular from the top to the solid rectangular block. Therefore the jet flow and the buoyancy-driven flow are in opposite directions. For a fixed block length, the governing parameters in the present Darcy flow problem are: Rayleigh number (Ra), Péclet number (Pe), solid-to-porous thermal conductivity ratio (Kr), the dimensionless thickness (or height) of the solid wall (H), in addition to the dimensionless jet width (D). The results are presented in the mixed convection regime with wide ranges of the governing parameters. At low values of Pe (natural convection cases), it is found that the effect of Pe and the jet width are negligible and the average Nusselt number (Nu) is increasing with the increase of either Rayleigh number or the thermal conductivity ratio, or decreasing the thickness of the solid wall. At high values of Pe (forced convection cases), it is found that the effect of Ra is negligible and Nu increases with either increasing Pe values, the thermal conductivity ratio or jet width, or decreasing the thickness of the solid wall. At moderate values of Pe (opposing mixed convection cases), it is observed that the values of average Nusselt number show minimum values. The value of Pe at which minimum Nu occurs depends on Ra, thermal conductivity ratio, jet width, and the thickness of the solid wall. At low values of either Ra or thermal conductivity ratio, this case where Nu shows a minimum value is not obvious. It is found that the thinner solid walls have higher values of the average Nusselt number with other parameters fixed. Therefore, for cooling applications, the numerical results indicate that the solid wall should be as thin as possible, with high thermal conductivity. The present results show that the cooling rate with the opposing missed convection mode is lower than that with the natural convention mode. The results show that the effect of the jet width D can be incorporated by plotting the average Nusselt number against Pe x D, where the results form a single curve for different values of the jet width. © 2015 by Begell House, Inc.

Shi X.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Resources Policy | Year: 2013

China has been trying to improve the safety and environmental performances of small coal mines (SCMs) in 2000s through measures of trusteeship and consolidation. The question whether such policy and practice can sustain small scale mining is interesting academically and important practically for China and the world. This paper finds that the Chinese SCM policy has been switched from encouragement to restriction for legal SCMs and from privatization to nationalization in some provinces in the past 10 years. Legal SCMs face pressure to be expanded continuously and to be absorbed or consolidated by large coal mines, which often are state owned. Unexpectedly, financial resources may not be a big constraint nowadays due to availability of private equity investment resources. The paper argues that both the trusteeship and consolidation approaches may only be able to sustain SCMs in the short run. A more sustainable measure is to establish a stable, transparent and inclusive legal and fiscal framework. This paper concludes that those trusteeship approaches may be applicable to restructuring small scale mines in other countries; however, the consolidation practice in China's is unique and thus may not be applicable to others. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Phon-Amnuaisuk S.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2014

Genetic Algorithm (GA) is employed to evolve a solution for any given tetromino sequence. In contrast to previous works in this area where an evolutionary strategy was employed to evolve weights (i.e., preferences) of predefined evaluation functions which then were used to determine players’ actions, we directly evolve the actions. Each chromosome represents a plausible gameplay strategy and its fitness is evaluated by simulating the game and rating the gameplay quality using two fitness evaluation approaches: evaluating the whole board at once and evaluating local parts of the board in which they will be expanded to the whole board as the evolution progresses. We compare the results of these two evaluation tactics and also compare the evolved gameplay with actual human gameplay. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Ullah H.,Brunei Institute of Technology
International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering | Year: 2016

A new generic Petri net model is developed for design and performance evaluation of a production system. The model allows modelling the system configuration, determining the optimal work-in-process (WIP), lead time, throughput, and utilisation of each station. The sequencing circuit with the largest cycle time determines the bottleneck station. The throughput is bounded by the utilisation of this bottleneck station. The maximum throughput with the minimum WIP is formulated as a linear programming (LP) problem. The PN optimisation gives the minimum WIP corresponding to the maximum production rate. The proposed Petri net model can be easily extended for inclusion of kanban cards in order to incorporate a just-in-time production philosophy. © Copyright 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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