Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei

Brunei Institute of Technology
Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei

Institut Teknologi Brunei , is an engineering and technology university in Brunei Darussalam that specializes in the niche areas of engineering, business and computing.ITB was established as a higher learning institution in 1986 that offered Higher National Diploma programmes in Engineering, Business and Computing. These programmes are aimed at producing para-professionals for the industry. ITB’s ethos has always been based around the idea that effective instruction, hands-on approach and industry-based programmes equip students with fundamental knowledge, competence and marketable skills. This guiding principle has helped ITB produce graduates who are highly valued by local employers and readily accepted by universities in the UK, Australia and other countries where ITB students further their studies. ITB was upgraded to a university in 2008, and since then, tremendous development has taken place including the expansion of its academic programmes portfolio, establishment of strategic partnerships with industries and universities, embarking on the process of programmes accreditation by professional bodies, and intensification of research activities.Although ITB has moved towards offering undergraduate and graduate programmes starting from 2009, ITB continues to take pride in and maintain its successful hands-on approach in teaching and learning, and also the relevancy of its curricula to the needs of the industry.In research, ITB is striving to become a university that can contribute to the enrichment of knowledge and the solving of contemporary issues through its research endeavours. ITB’s research efforts are focused along three research thrusts: Oil and Gas, Green Technology and Water. The ITB Centre for Transport Research was established to carry out research activities that include policy studies, transport modelling and intelligent transport system, and focuses on the areas of Transport Safety, Highway & Geotechnics, and Traffic. The newly established Centre for Innovative Engineering aims to become a dynamic centre for multidisciplinary and innovative translational research.Today, ITB is home to around 2,273 students 140 faculty members. ITB has produced 4,483 HND graduates and 128 degree graduates. Academic programmes are being offered by the Faculty of Engineering, School of Computing and Informatics and School of Business. The Faculty of Engineering comprises four programme areas: Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Petroleum & Chemical Engineering. The School of Computing and Informatics consists of three programme areas: Creative Computing, Computer Information Systems and Computer Network Security. Meanwhile, the ITB School of Business has three programme areas: Economics, Accounting and Management. The Centre for Communication, Teaching and Learning supports the faculty and schools in terms of students’ language proficiencies and soft skills development. Wikipedia.

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Phon-Amnuaisuk S.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2014

Genetic Algorithm (GA) is employed to evolve a solution for any given tetromino sequence. In contrast to previous works in this area where an evolutionary strategy was employed to evolve weights (i.e., preferences) of predefined evaluation functions which then were used to determine players’ actions, we directly evolve the actions. Each chromosome represents a plausible gameplay strategy and its fitness is evaluated by simulating the game and rating the gameplay quality using two fitness evaluation approaches: evaluating the whole board at once and evaluating local parts of the board in which they will be expanded to the whole board as the evolution progresses. We compare the results of these two evaluation tactics and also compare the evolved gameplay with actual human gameplay. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Pourtousi M.,University of Malaya | Sahu J.N.,University of Malaya | Sahu J.N.,Brunei Institute of Technology | Ganesan P.,University of Malaya
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification | Year: 2014

The numerical approaches have been used in many studies to predict the flow pattern inside the bubble column reactors because of the difficulties that are still found in designing and scaling-up the bubble columns. This review makes an effort to show suitable interfacial forces i.e., drag force, lift force, turbulent dispersion models and virtual mass and turbulence models such as standard k-e model, Reynolds Stress Model, Large Eddy Simulation to predict flow pattern inside the bubble column using Eulerian-Eulerian. The effect of various interfacial forces and turbulence models on gas-liquid velocity and gas hold-up in bubble column is critically reviewed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Sankarananrayanan S.,Brunei Institute of Technology | Wani S.M.A.,Brunei Institute of Technology
2014 2nd International Conference on Information and Communication Technology, ICoICT 2014 | Year: 2014

Patient Appointment and medication Scheduling is necessary to manage and keep efficient tracking of day to day functionalities in health sector. It may be mentioned that a well-designed appointment Scheduling System can help to deliver timely and convenient access to medical services and enhance patient satisfaction and physician efficiency. Normally, we see patients coming to the hospitals and health centers and filling out registration forms and wait for the response for an agreed date. Some research has been done in the past towards developing online and mobile enabled appointment system. Some of these include prioritization also towards scheduling appointment. But still there exists the area of waiting time and also delay in patient being served to be explored. So with that as basis a Near Field Communication (NFC) based appointment system was developed which allows patient towards tapping NFC appointment card at appointment kiosk in hospital/clinic for making appointment. The system does possess prioritized scheduling for appointments and the medicine collection made by NFC card which was purely dependent on nurse rather being automated by software. The NFC based system puts a lot burden towards scheduling of patients based on priority by the nurse who obviously put lot of room for the waiting time and the consequent delay for patient as in the previous system. To obviate these problems we now have developed an intelligent NFC based appointment system towards prioritized appointment scheduling based on age and profile of the patient. In addition the system also enables automatic calling of patient based on priority for being served by the concerned nurse. Lastly system possesses timing constraints towards making/canceling appointments. The implementation has been carried out using Php and Mysql. © 2014 IEEE.

Phon-Amnuaisuk S.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2015

This work is motivated by one of the important characteristics of an intelligent system: the ability to automatically discover new knowledge. This work employs an evolutionary technique to search for good solutions and then employs a data mining technique to extract knowledge implicitly encoded in the evolved solutions. In this paper, Genetic Algorithm (GA) is employed to evolve a solution for randomly generated tetromino sequences. In contrast to previous works in this area where an evolutionary strategy was employed to evolve weights (i.e., preferences) of predefined evaluation functions which were then used to determine players' actions, we directly evolve the gameplay actions. Each chromosome represents a plausible gameplay strategy and its fitness is evaluated by simulating the actual gameplay using gameplay instructions from each chromosome. In each simulation, 13 attributes relevant to the gameplay, i.e., contour patterns and actions of each tetromino, are recorded from the best evolved games. This produces 6583 instances which we then apply Apriori algorithm to extract association patterns from them. The result illustrates that sensible gameplay strategies can be successfully extracted from evolved games even though the GA was not informed about these gameplay strategies. 1877-0509 © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Salam M.A.,Brunei Institute of Technology
International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy | Year: 2012

This paper presents soil resistivity and grounding resistance measurements. The measured soil resistivity is used as the input of CYME GRD software for simulation purpose. The rms error between the measured and the calculated ground resistivity is found to be 4.38%. The grounding resistances are measured by placing the electrode as single and double rectangular grids horizontally into the soil. A mathematical relationship between the grounding resistance and the related variables has been developed by employing dimensional analysis technique. The experimental result is used to find the dimensional and arc constants. The correlation coefficients for two cases have been determined and it is found that the grounding resistance is strongly correlated with the length of the buried electrode into the soil. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Shi X.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Resources Policy | Year: 2013

China has been trying to improve the safety and environmental performances of small coal mines (SCMs) in 2000s through measures of trusteeship and consolidation. The question whether such policy and practice can sustain small scale mining is interesting academically and important practically for China and the world. This paper finds that the Chinese SCM policy has been switched from encouragement to restriction for legal SCMs and from privatization to nationalization in some provinces in the past 10 years. Legal SCMs face pressure to be expanded continuously and to be absorbed or consolidated by large coal mines, which often are state owned. Unexpectedly, financial resources may not be a big constraint nowadays due to availability of private equity investment resources. The paper argues that both the trusteeship and consolidation approaches may only be able to sustain SCMs in the short run. A more sustainable measure is to establish a stable, transparent and inclusive legal and fiscal framework. This paper concludes that those trusteeship approaches may be applicable to restructuring small scale mines in other countries; however, the consolidation practice in China's is unique and thus may not be applicable to others. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Khalid A.A.,Brunei Institute of Technology
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2015

Experimental work on hybrid and non-hybrid composite tubes subjected to lateral loading has been carried out using jute, glass and hybrid jute-glass/epoxy materials. Tubes of 200 mm length with 110 mm inner diameter were fabricated by hand lay-up method to investigate the effect of material used and the number of layers on lateral-load-displacement relations and on the failure mode. Crush force efficiency and the specific energy absorption of the composite tubes were calculated. Results show that the six layers glass/epoxy tubes supported load higher 10.6% than that of hybrid jute-glass/ epoxy made of two layers of jute/epoxy four layers of glass/epoxy. It has been found that the specific energy absorption of the glass/epoxy tubes is found higher respectively 11.6% and 46% than hybrid jute-glass/epoxy and jute/epoxy tubes. The increase in the number of layers from two to six increases the maximum lateral load from 0.53KN to 1.22 KN for jute/epoxy and from 1.35 KN to 3.87 KN for the glass/epoxy tubes. The stacking sequence of the hybrid tubes influenced on the maximum lateral load and the absorbed energy. The maximum load obtained for the six layers jute-glass/epoxy tubes of different staking sequence varies between 1.88 KN to 3.46 KN. Failure mechanisms of the laterally loaded composite tubes were also observed and discussed.

Mahdi R.A.,University of Tenaga Nasional | Mahdi R.A.,University of Technology Malaysia | Mohammed H.A.,University of Technology Malaysia | Munisamy K.M.,University of Tenaga Nasional | Saeid N.H.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

There are two advantages of using porous media. First, its dissipation area is greater than the conventional fins that enhances the heat convection. Second is the irregular motion of the fluid flow around the individual beads which mixes the fluid more effectively. Nanofluids result from the mixtures of base fluid with nanoparticles having dimensions of (1-100) nm, with very high thermal conductivities; as a result, it would be the best convection heat transfer by using two applications together: porous media and nanofluids. This article aims to summarize the published articles in respect to porosity, permeability (K) and inertia coefficient (Cf) and effective thermal conductivity (keff) for porous media, also on the thermophysical properties of nanofluid and the studies on convection heat transfer in porous media with nanofluid. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Ullah H.,Brunei Institute of Technology
International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering | Year: 2016

A new generic Petri net model is developed for design and performance evaluation of a production system. The model allows modelling the system configuration, determining the optimal work-in-process (WIP), lead time, throughput, and utilisation of each station. The sequencing circuit with the largest cycle time determines the bottleneck station. The throughput is bounded by the utilisation of this bottleneck station. The maximum throughput with the minimum WIP is formulated as a linear programming (LP) problem. The PN optimisation gives the minimum WIP corresponding to the maximum production rate. The proposed Petri net model can be easily extended for inclusion of kanban cards in order to incorporate a just-in-time production philosophy. © Copyright 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Phon-Amnuaisuk S.,Brunei Institute of Technology
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2015

In this article, we describe a novel polyphonic analysis that employs a hybrid of Tone-Model (TM) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) techniques. This hybrid approach exploits the strengths of model-based and heuristic-search approaches. The correlations between each monophonic Tone-Model and the polyphonic input are used to predict relevant pitches such that the aggregations of the pitches' Tone-Models are able to describe the harmonic contents of the polyphonic input. These aggregations are then refined using PSO. PSO heuristically searches for a local optimal aggregation in which some Tone-Models suggested earlier may be excluded from the final best aggregation. We present and discuss the design of our approach. The experimental results from the proposed hybrid approach are compared and contrasted with the non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) technique. A performance comparison between synthesized guitar sound and acoustic guitar sound is discussed. The experimental results confirm the potential of TM-PSO in polyphonic transcription task. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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