Rio Dell, CA, United States
Rio Dell, CA, United States

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Patent
Bruker Nano Inc. | Date: 2016-09-02

An apparatus and method of performing photothermal chemical nanoidentification of a sample includes positioning a tip of a probe at a region of interest of the sample, with the tip-sample separation being less than about 10 nm. Then, IR electromagnetic energy having a selected frequency, w, is directed towards the tip. Using PFT mode AFM operation, absorption of the energy at the region of interest is identified. calorimetry may also be performed with the photothermal PFT system.


Patent
Bruker Nano Inc., Werner, Dorfman, Correa and Sloan | Date: 2017-02-15

A universal tester (10) includes modular sample stages (14, 50, 60, 80), each dedicated to a test configuration. The modules are manually coupled to the base (24) of the tester and automatically recognized for activation of the correct software relevant to its configuration and test scripts. As a result, no extraneous script can be activated erroneously by an operator. A single motor in the frame of the tester actuates the drive (28) of each sample stage through a drivetrain and coupling mechanism (26) that is automatically engaged by the manual installation of the stage. Means for controlling and/or measuring temperature, humidity, voltage, resistance, and acoustic emissions are provided through dedicated expansion slots (92) and cards that activate respective software. An electronic identification in each card ensures that only relevant software is enabled.


A method of compensating for an artifact in data collected using a standard atomic force microscope (AFM) operating in an oscillating mode. The artifact is caused by deflection of the probe not related to actual probe- sample interaction and the method includes compensating for thermal induced bending of the probe of the AFM by measuring a DC component of the measured deflection. The DC component of deflection is identified by calibrating the optical deflection detection apparatus and monitoring movement of the mean deflection, thereby allowing the preferred embodiments to minimize the adverse effect due to the artifact. Notably, plotting the DC deflection profile yields a corresponding temperature profile of the sample.


Patent
Bruker Nano Inc. | Date: 2016-04-25

An improved mode of AFM imaging (Peak Force Tapping (PFT) Mode) uses force as the feedback variable to reduce tip-sample interaction forces while maintaining scan speeds achievable by all existing AFM operating modes. Sample imaging and mechanical property mapping are achieved with improved resolution and high sample throughput, with the mode workable across varying environments, including gaseous, fluidic and vacuum.


A method of operating a metrology instrument includes generating relative motion between a probe and a sample at a scan frequency using an actuator. The method also includes detecting motion of the actuator using a position sensor that exhibits noise in the detected motion, and controlling the position of the actuator using a feedback loop and a feed forward algorithm. In this embodiment, the controlling step attenuates noise in the actuator position compared to noise exhibited by the position sensor in a bandwidth of about seven times the scan frequency. Scan frequencies up to a third of the first scanner resonance frequency or greater than 300 Hz are possible.


An apparatus and method of performing physical property measurements on a sample with a probe-based metrology instrument employing a nano-confined light source is provided. In one embodiment, an SPM probe tip is configured to support an appropriate receiving element so as to provide a nano-localized light source that is able to efficiently and locally excite the sample on the nanoscale. Preferably, the separation between the tip apex and the sample during spectroscopic measurements is maintained at less than 10 nm, for example, using an AFM TR Mode control scheme.


Apparatus and method for nano-identification a sample by measuring, with the use of evanescent waves, optical spectra of near-field interaction between the sample and optical nanoantenna oscillating at nano-distance above the sample and discriminating background backscattered radiation not sensitive to such near-field interaction. Discrimination may be effectuated by optical data acquisition at periodically repeated moments of nanoantenna oscillation without knowledge of distance separating nanoantenna and sample. Measurement includes chemical identification of sample on nano-scale, during which absolute value of phase corresponding to near-field radiation representing said interaction is measured directly, without offset. Calibration of apparatus and measurement is provided by performing, prior to sample measurement, a reference measurement of reference sample having known index of refraction. Nano-identification is realized with sub-50 nm resolution and, optionally, in the mid-infrared portion of the spectrum.


Patent
Bruker Nano Inc. | Date: 2016-03-22

An apparatus and method of positioning a probe of an atomic force microscope (AFM) includes using a dual probe configuration in which two probes are fabricated with a single base, yet operate independently. Feedback control is based on interaction between the reference probe and surface, giving an indication of the location of the surface, with this control being modified based on the difference in tip heights of the two probes to allow the sensing probe to be positioned relative to the sample at a range less than 10 nm.


Methods and apparatuses are provided for automatically controlling and stabilizing aspects of a scanning probe microscope (SPM), such as an atomic force microscope (AFM), using Peak Force Tapping (PFT) Mode. In an embodiment, a controller automatically controls periodic motion of a probe relative to a sample in response to a substantially instantaneous force determined and automatically controls a gain in a feedback loop. A gain control circuit automatically tunes a gain based on separation distances between a probe and a sample to facilitate stability. Accordingly, instability onset is quickly and accurately determined during scanning, thereby eliminating the need of expert user tuning of gains during operation.


Patent
Bruker Nano Inc. | Date: 2016-03-01

Methods and apparatuses are provided for automatically controlling and stabilizing aspects of a scanning probe microscope (SPM), such as an atomic force microscope (AFM), using Peak Force Tapping (PFT) Mode. In an embodiment, a controller automatically controls periodic motion of a probe relative to a sample in response to a substantially instantaneous force determined, and automatically controls a gain in a feedback loop. A gain control circuit automatically tunes a gain based on separation distances between a probe and a sample to facilitate stability. Accordingly, instability onset is quickly and accurately determined during scanning, thereby eliminating the need of expert user tuning of gains during operation.

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