BRS Dental College

Panchkula, India

BRS Dental College

Panchkula, India

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Bhandari A.J.,RDC | Khokhani R.M.,RDC | Gangadhar S.A.,RDC | Joshi A.,RDC | And 2 more authors.
Pravara Medical Review | Year: 2016

Life expectancy has increased worldwide, with India having almost 8% citizens above the age of 60 years. Aging leads to an increase in chronic diseases and disabilities. In this scenario, chronic diseases play a significant role and dental diseases are the most prevalent chronic conditions. By breaking down the patient psychology to its component parts, it is easier to obtain a clear picture of this special cohort of patients. Considering the increase in number of geriatric edentulous patients, knowledge will help the dentist serve the geriatric population better. The aging population constitutes a high-risk oral health group, vis-à-vis impaired manual dexterity, cognitive deterioration and unmet treatment needs, which could be compounded by psychiatric morbidity. Theoretical approaches are now replaced by practical approach of patient management. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the psychological and emotional factors involved in the dental treatment and the methods to develop a right dental attitude.


Kalia V.,BRS Dental College | Sawhney S.K.,Medicity | Kalra G.,BRS Dental College | Kaushal N.,BRS Dental College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology | Year: 2014

Aneurysmal bone cysts are rare benign lesions of bony tissue, infrequent in craniofacial skeleton but common in other structures like long bones and spine. In the jaws aneurysmal bone cysts are non-neoplastic but locally aggressive with occasional rapid growth and are difficult to differentiate from other multilocular lesions of jaws like ameloblastomas, keratocystic odontogenic tumors, ossifying fibromas, epithelial cysts, giant cell granulomas and sarcomas radiographically as well as clinically. They are composed of sinusoidal blood filled vascular spaces and surrounded by fibrous tissue septa. Treatment of choice ranges from conservative surgical excision of the mass with curettage or enucleation to resection when creates a large defect, primary surgical reconstruction is recommended. © 2012 .


Utreja D.,Brs Dental College | Simratvir M.,Brs Dental College | Kaur A.,Brs Dental College | Kwatra K.S.,Brs Dental College | And 2 more authors.
International Dental Journal | Year: 2010

As dentistry moves towards earlier detection of lesions and a more preventive rather than restorative approach, it is essential to improve the predictive values of new screening and diagnostic methods. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of the Cariogram in predicting the occurrence of caries in first permanent molars. Thirty children aged 8 years were included who were divided in two groups depending on presence of carious or non carious first permanent molars. Their Cariograms were plotted and the likelihood of caries as indicated by the Cariogram was compared to the actual occurrence of caries in first permanent molars. Results revealed that the Cariogram had a diagnostic accuracy of 63.33% thus emphasising the need for better prediction models. © 2010 FDI/World Dental Press.


Moghe G.A.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Kaur M.S.,Panineeya Institute of Dental science | Thomas A.M.,BRS Dental College | Raseswari T.,Christian Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2010

Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) (OMIM 119300) is a dominantly inherited developmental disorder that is characterized by pits and/or sinuses of the lower lip and cleft lip and/or cleft palate. Mutations in the interferon regulatory factor 6 gene (IRF6) have been recently identified in patients with VWS, with more than 60 mutations reported. We report the phenotypic variants of the syndrome in a family and present the application of the multicolor chromosome banding (mBAND) analysis in the identification of complex intrachromosome rearrangements of chromosome 9 in a child with VWS. The authors conclude that increased heterochromatin on chromosome 9 did not have any effect on the phenotypic expression of the syndrome in the family that was studied.


PubMed | Brs Dental College
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: International dental journal | Year: 2010

As dentistry moves towards earlier detection of lesions and a more preventive rather than restorative approach, it is essential to improve the predictive values of new screening and diagnostic methods. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of the Cariogram in predicting the occurrence of caries in first permanent molars. Thirty children aged 8 years were included who were divided in two groups depending on presence of carious or non carious first permanent molars. Their Cariograms were plotted and the likelihood of caries as indicated by the Cariogram was compared to the actual occurrence of caries in first permanent molars. Results revealed that the Cariogram had a diagnostic accuracy of 63.33% thus emphasising the need for better prediction models.


PubMed | BRS Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

Desmoplastic fibroma (DF) is a rare, well-differentiated fibrous tumor, which is slow in growth but has an aggressive potential. In its clinical and radiographic presentation it mimics many unusual pathologies of the jaws. This case report presents a DF in the mandible, which in its clinical presentation and radiographic appearance mimicked a dentigerous cyst highlighting the importance of detailed histopathological examination in the diagnosis of jaw pathologies.


PubMed | BRS Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2011

The present study is undertaken to find out the pH of resting plaque in children with no caries, moderate caries and rampant caries and to determine the modulations of plaque pH with different sugar solution rinses viz: sucrose, glucose and fructose. The study was carried out on forty five children, in the age group of 3-10 years (25 males and 20 females). The child was given 10 ml of test solution and was asked to rinse and swish it in the mouth for a period of 30 sec. Plaque samples were taken from 20 different spots after 5, 10, 20 and 30 min of the rinse and pH values of all the samples were determined. Results show that there was a statistically significant (P<0.05) difference between the pH values of plaque at different intervals of time with sucrose, fructose and glucose solution rinse in children with moderate caries, rampant caries as compared to the caries free group. Sucrose was found to be highly cariogenic in all the children with a greater potentiating effect in moderate and rampant caries. Glucose also appeared to have a cariogenic role while fructose had the least of it all.


PubMed | BRS Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Australian dental journal | Year: 2015

This article reviews the literature on genetic aspects of dental caries and provides a framework for the rapidly changing disease model of caries. The scope is genetic aspects of various dental factors affecting dental caries. The PubMed database was searched for articles with keywords caries, genetics, taste, diet and twins. This was followed by extensive handsearching using reference lists from relevant articles. The post-genomic era will present many opportunities for improvement in oral health care but will also present a multitude of challenges. We can conclude from the literature that genes have a role to play in dental caries; however, both environmental and genetic factors have been implicated in the aetiology of caries. Additional studies will have to be conducted to replicate the findings in a different population. Identification of genetic risk factors will help screen and identify susceptible patients to better understand the contribution of genes in caries aetiopathogenesis. Information derived from these diverse studies will provide new tools to target individuals and/or populations for a more efficient and effective implementation of newer preventive measures and diagnostic and novel therapeutic approaches in the management of this disease.

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