London, United Kingdom

British Petroleum

www.bp.com
London, United Kingdom

BP plc, also referred to by its former name British Petroleum, is one of the world's six "supermajor" oil and gas companies. It is a British multinational company, headquartered in London, England, whose performance in 2012 made it the world's sixth-largest oil and gas company, the sixth-largest energy company by market capitalization and the company with the world's fifth-largest revenue . It is a vertically integrated company operating in all areas of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy interests in biofuels and wind power.As of December 2013, BP has operations in approximately 80 countries, produces around 3.2 million barrels per day of oil equivalent, has total proved reserves of 17.9 billion barrels of oil equivalent, and has around 17,800 service stations. Its largest division is BP America in the United States. In Russia BP owns a 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the world's largest publicly traded oil and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production. BP has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index; it had a market capitalisation of £85.2 billion as of April 2013, the fourth-largest of any company listed on the exchange. It has secondary listings on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1908, established as a subsidiary of Burmah Oil Company to exploit oil discoveries in Iran. In 1935, it became the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and in 1954 British Petroleum. In 1959, the company expanded beyond the Middle East to Alaska and in 1965 it was the first company to strike oil in the North Sea. British Petroleum acquired majority control of Standard Oil of Ohio in 1978. Formerly majority state-owned, the British government privatised the company in stages between 1979 and 1987. British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001. From 2003 to 2013, BP was a partner in the TNK-BP joint venture in Russia.BP has been directly involved in several major environmental and safety incidents. Among them were the 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, which caused the death of 15 workers and resulted in a record-setting OSHA fine; Britain's largest oil spill, the wreck of Torrey Canyon; and the 2006 Prudhoe Bay oil spill, the largest oil spill on Alaska's North Slope, which resulted in a US$25 million civil penalty, the largest per-barrel penalty at that time for an oil spill.The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest accidental release of oil into marine waters in history, resulted in severe environmental, health and economic consequences, and serious legal and public relations repercussions for BP. One-point-eight million gallons of Corexit oil dispersant were used in the cleanup response, becoming the largest application of such chemicals in US history. The company plead guilty to 11 counts of felony manslaughter, two misdemeanors, and one felony count of lying to Congress, and agreed to pay more than $4.5 billion in fines and penalties, the largest criminal resolution in US history.Legal proceedings are continuing, with proceedings set to commence in January 2015 to determine payouts and fines under the Clean Water Act and the Natural Resources Damage Assessment. In September 2014, the judge ruled in the first phase of the case that BP was "reckless" and committed "gross negligence," in a "worst case" ruling that could cost BP $18 billion in additional penalties above the $28 billion already expended on the spill by that time. BP is appealing the ruling, which raised concerns about BP's future. Wikipedia.


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Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-02-15

An apparatus (10) for lifting and transporting a load, in particular in the form of an ISO container (11), comprises a supporting frame (12), means or wheels (16, 18) for moving the apparatus relative to the ground, means (20) for lifting the load comprising a respective mast having a first part (20a) connected to the frame (12) and a second part (20b) extendable relative to the first part (20a), and means (22) for gripping the load, able to move along the mast (20). The apparatus also comprising traction or movement driving means (24, 24) and means (26, 26) for driving the lifting of the load gripping means, the traction means (24, 24) and/or the means (26, 26) for driving the lifting being in the form of corresponding electric motor means which are powered by corresponding electricity accumulator means (30) through corresponding control means (314, 314, 316, 316). The apparatus is such that, advantageously, during the lowering strokes of the extendable part of the mast, the electric motor means (26, 26) of the lifting means (20) are designed to act as means for generating electricity, which is supplied to the electricity accumulator means (30).


Patent
British Petroleum and Syngenta | Date: 2016-07-25

The invention relates to polypeptides having glucanase, e.g., endoglucanase, mannanase, xylanase activity or a combination of these activities, and polynucleotides encoding them. In one aspect, the glucanase activity is an endoglucanase activity (e.g., endo-1,4-beta-D-glucan 4-glucano hydrolase activity) and comprises hydrolysis of 1,4 -beta-D-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, cellulose derivatives (e.g., carboxy methyl cellulose and hydroxy ethyl cellulose) lichenin, beta-1,4 bonds in mixed beta-1,3 glucans, such as cereal beta-D-glucans or xyloglucans and other plant material containing cellulosic parts. In addition, methods of designing new enzymes and methods of use thereof are also provided. In alternative aspects, the new glucanases e.g., endoglucanases, mannanases, xylanases have increased activity and stability at increased pH and temperature.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-10-06

A method for use in seismic imaging a subterranean geological formation, includes: displaying a gather of seismic images, the seismic images being generated from a set of seismic data representative of the geological formation; interactively selecting an illumination band based on the degree of signal and noise separation in the seismic images; decomposing each of the seismic images of the gather into a partial image, each partial image defined in the seismic image by the selected illumination band; interactively selecting at least a portion of one or more of the partial images based on a predominance of signal; interactively weighting the selected portions relative to the predominance of signal; stacking the selected, interactively weighted portions; and displaying an image of the stacked, weighted portions.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-11-10

A method for use in marine seismic surveying includes: towing at least a portion of a marine seismic survey spread; imparting a composite swept seismic signal from the marine seismic survey spread, the composite swept seismic signal including a plurality of randomized subsweeps having different frequencies relative to one another and being emitted in parallel; and receiving a respective return for each of the subsweeps.


Some embodiments of a method for optimizing drilling include determining at least one section of a wellbore for which to determine a schedule for replacing one or more drill bits during drilling the wellbore. Some embodiments of the method also include determining one or more constraints on the schedule for replacing the one or more drill bits. Some embodiments of the method also include determining, based on the one or more constraints, a plurality of scenarios for replacing the one or more drill bits during drilling the at least one section. Some embodiments of the method include determining, by one or more processors, a total cost for each scenario in the plurality of scenarios. Some embodiments of the method include identifying at least one scenario in the plurality of scenarios that has the lowest cost compared to other ones of the plurality of scenarios.


An additive composition, on use in a fuel in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine, controls the formation of sludge and piston varnish. When used in a direct injection spark-ignition internal combustion engine, particulate emissions and deposit formation on intake valves may also be controlled. When used in a port fuel injection spark-ignition internal combustion engine, the port fuel injection valve deposits may be reduced. The additive composition comprises a polyalkylene amine and a hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxyaromatic compound. The additive compositions may be present in a fuel composition.


A method for use in vertical seismic profiling includes: independently shooting a plurality of seismic sources in a plurality of shooting areas to impart seismic signals into a water bottom where the sources are shot simultaneously within a common time window; receiving reflections of the seismic signals from a subterranean formation beneath the water bottom at a plurality of seismic receivers; and recording the received reflections; wherein the seismic receivers are disposed in a wellbore in the water bottom.


The use as a particulate emissions and/or a complex poly-aromatic nuclei (CPAN) controlling additive in a fuel composition for a direct-injection spark-ignition internal combustion engine or a compression-ignition gasoline internal combustion engine of a combination of: a. a hydrocarbyl-substituted aromatic compound; and b. a polyalkylene amine.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-07-12

A rotary pressure filter apparatus, a sealing device for use with the rotary pressure filter apparatus, and a process of using the apparatus. The rotary pressure filter apparatus is designed to treat a solid-liquid mixture under pressure in successive work zones. A rotary drum moves compartments containing the solid-liquid mixture through the successive zones. The zones are separated by a sealing member, which is designed to reduce pressure fluctuations as the compartments enter a successive zone.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-07-19

The use as a sludge controlling additive in a fuel composition for a spark-ignition internal combustion engine or a compression-ignition gasoline internal combustion engine of a combination of: a. a hydrocarbyl-substituted aromatic compound; and b. a polyalkylene amine. The fuel composition may also be used for maintaining oil pathways and/or lubrication in an engine.

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