London, United Kingdom
London, United Kingdom

BP plc, also referred to by its former name British Petroleum, is one of the world's six "supermajor" oil and gas companies. It is a British multinational company, headquartered in London, England, whose performance in 2012 made it the world's sixth-largest oil and gas company, the sixth-largest energy company by market capitalization and the company with the world's fifth-largest revenue . It is a vertically integrated company operating in all areas of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy interests in biofuels and wind power.As of December 2013, BP has operations in approximately 80 countries, produces around 3.2 million barrels per day of oil equivalent, has total proved reserves of 17.9 billion barrels of oil equivalent, and has around 17,800 service stations. Its largest division is BP America in the United States. In Russia BP owns a 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the world's largest publicly traded oil and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production. BP has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index; it had a market capitalisation of £85.2 billion as of April 2013, the fourth-largest of any company listed on the exchange. It has secondary listings on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1908, established as a subsidiary of Burmah Oil Company to exploit oil discoveries in Iran. In 1935, it became the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and in 1954 British Petroleum. In 1959, the company expanded beyond the Middle East to Alaska and in 1965 it was the first company to strike oil in the North Sea. British Petroleum acquired majority control of Standard Oil of Ohio in 1978. Formerly majority state-owned, the British government privatised the company in stages between 1979 and 1987. British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001. From 2003 to 2013, BP was a partner in the TNK-BP joint venture in Russia.BP has been directly involved in several major environmental and safety incidents. Among them were the 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, which caused the death of 15 workers and resulted in a record-setting OSHA fine; Britain's largest oil spill, the wreck of Torrey Canyon; and the 2006 Prudhoe Bay oil spill, the largest oil spill on Alaska's North Slope, which resulted in a US$25 million civil penalty, the largest per-barrel penalty at that time for an oil spill.The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest accidental release of oil into marine waters in history, resulted in severe environmental, health and economic consequences, and serious legal and public relations repercussions for BP. One-point-eight million gallons of Corexit oil dispersant were used in the cleanup response, becoming the largest application of such chemicals in US history. The company plead guilty to 11 counts of felony manslaughter, two misdemeanors, and one felony count of lying to Congress, and agreed to pay more than $4.5 billion in fines and penalties, the largest criminal resolution in US history.Legal proceedings are continuing, with proceedings set to commence in January 2015 to determine payouts and fines under the Clean Water Act and the Natural Resources Damage Assessment. In September 2014, the judge ruled in the first phase of the case that BP was "reckless" and committed "gross negligence," in a "worst case" ruling that could cost BP $18 billion in additional penalties above the $28 billion already expended on the spill by that time. BP is appealing the ruling, which raised concerns about BP's future. Wikipedia.


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Processes and apparatus are disclosed for the energy efficient separation of the effluent from a TOL/A9+ transalkylation reactor. The apparatus includes a reboiled prefractionation column and a sidedraw tower that produces: 1) an overhead stream including unreacted toluene, 2) a stream including unreacted C9+ aromatics, a portion of which stream may be recycled to the reactor; and 3) a sidedraw stream including C8 aromatics that may be directed to a crystallization or selective adsorption paraxylene separation unit for recovery o a paraxylene product.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2015-04-27

flange (100) for mounting to an end of a ship-to-ship cargo transfer line for transporting hydrocarbon liquids, the flange comprising: a base plate (110) including an orifice having a central axis and an outer radius; a blast plate (130) coupled to the base plate and coaxially aligned with the orifice, wherein the blast plate (130) is axially spaced from the base plate (110); wherein the blast plate (130) has an outer radius greater than or equal to the outer radius of the orifice and is configured to impede the flow of the hydrocarbon liquids from the flow line through the orifice, and wherein the blast plate (130) is configured to allow the flow of air into the flow line through orifice.


Patent
The Regents Of The University Of California and British Petroleum | Date: 2015-03-13

The present disclosure provides expression vectors containing a nucleic acid encoding an RNA polymerase III promoter, a ribozyme, a CRISPR-Cas9 single guide RNA, and an RNA polymerase III terminator, where the ribozyme is 5 to the CRISPR-Cas9 single guide RNA, as well as ribonucleic acids encoded thereby. Further provided are fungal cells containing an expression vector described herein, as well as methods of fungal genome engineering through use of an expression vector described herein.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-08-17

A method for recalculating the solvent power of a light oil, SP_((LO recalculated)), is provided. The method comprises: wherein: The recalculated solvent power may be used in methods for preventing asphaltene precipitation during processing of crude oils in a refinery.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-08-17

A method for determining a relationship between the ratio of solvent power to critical solvent power and the threshold light paraffin content of a hydrocarbon fluid is provided. The method comprises:


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-02-15

An apparatus (10) for lifting and transporting a load, in particular in the form of an ISO container (11), comprises a supporting frame (12), means or wheels (16, 18) for moving the apparatus relative to the ground, means (20) for lifting the load comprising a respective mast having a first part (20a) connected to the frame (12) and a second part (20b) extendable relative to the first part (20a), and means (22) for gripping the load, able to move along the mast (20). The apparatus also comprising traction or movement driving means (24, 24) and means (26, 26) for driving the lifting of the load gripping means, the traction means (24, 24) and/or the means (26, 26) for driving the lifting being in the form of corresponding electric motor means which are powered by corresponding electricity accumulator means (30) through corresponding control means (314, 314, 316, 316). The apparatus is such that, advantageously, during the lowering strokes of the extendable part of the mast, the electric motor means (26, 26) of the lifting means (20) are designed to act as means for generating electricity, which is supplied to the electricity accumulator means (30).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-08-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.92M | Year: 2016

The EU targets at replacing 10% of all transport fossil fuels with biofuels by 2020 to reduce the dependence on petroleum through the use of nationally, regionally or locally produced biofuels, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, the EU is concerned with the questionable sustainability of the conventional biofuels and the unattractive production costs of second and third generation biofuels. The BioMates project aspires to contribute to the drastic increase of non-food/feed biomass utilisation for the production of greener transportation fuels via an effective and sustainable new production pathway. The project will validate the proposed innovative technology which has the potential of over 49 million tons CO2-eq savings, at least 7% crude oil imports reduction which corresponds to over 7 billion savings for EU, while indicating its socio-economic, environmental and health expected benefits. The main premise of the BioMates project is the cost-effective and decentralized valorization of residual (straw) and nonfood (Miscanthus) biomass for the production of bio-based products of over 99% bioenergy content. The bio-based products targeted market is the EU refining sector, utilizing them as a bio-based co-feed of reliable, standardizable properties for underlying conversion units, yielding high bio-content hybrid fuels which are compatible with conventional combustion systems. The BioMates approach is based on innovative non-food/feed biomass conversion technologies, including ablative fast pyrolysis and mild catalytic hydrotreating, while incorporating state-of-the-art renewable H2-production technology as well as optimal energy integration. The proposed pathway for decarbonizing the transportation fuels will be demonstrated via TRL5 units, allowing the development of an integrated, sustainability-driven business case encompassing commercial and social exploitation strategy.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-05-16

A process for the preparation of an alkene from an oxygenate comprising contacting a reactant feedstream comprising at least one oxygenate reactant and water with a supported heteropolyacid catalyst at a temperature of at least 170 C., wherein the process is initiated using a start-up procedure comprising the following steps: (i) heating the supported heteropolyacid catalyst to a temperature of at least 220 C.; (ii) maintaining the heat-treated supported heteropolyacid catalyst of step (i) at a temperature of at least 220 C. for a time sufficient to remove bound water from the heteropolyacid component of the supported heteropolyacid catalyst; (iii) under an anhydrous atmosphere, reducing the temperature of the heat-treated supported heteropolyacid catalyst of step (ii) to a temperature below 220 C.; and (iv) contacting the supported heteropolyacid catalyst of step (iii) with the reactant feedstream at a temperature of at least 170 C.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-05-16

A process for the preparation of en alkene from an oxygenate comprising contacting a reactant feedstream comprising at least one oxygenate reactant and water with a supported heteropolyacid catalyst at a temperature of at least 170 C., wherein the process is initiated using a start-up procedure comprising the following steps: (i) heating the supported heteropolyacid catalyst to a temperature of at least 220 C.; (ii) maintaining the heat-heated supported heteropolyacid catalyst of step (i) at a temperature of at least 220 C. for a time sufficient to remove bound water from the heteropolyacid component of the supported heteropolyacid catalyst; and (iii) whilst maintaining the supported heteropolyacid catalyst of step (ii) at a temperature of at least 220 C., contacting the supported heteropolyacid catalyst with the reactant feedstream having a temperature of at least 220 C.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-02-15

A method for controlling a process stream comprises detecting interfaces that are present in the process stream under a set of conditions using a phased array ultrasound probe, reconstructing an image of the interfaces, and providing the image, or information derived therefrom, to a control system. The control system either modifies or maintains the set of conditions in process stream. The method may be used for controlling an industrial process stream, such as a process stream in a chemical or petrochemical processing plant.

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