London, United Kingdom
London, United Kingdom

BP plc, also referred to by its former name British Petroleum, is one of the world's six "supermajor" oil and gas companies. It is a British multinational company, headquartered in London, England, whose performance in 2012 made it the world's sixth-largest oil and gas company, the sixth-largest energy company by market capitalization and the company with the world's fifth-largest revenue . It is a vertically integrated company operating in all areas of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy interests in biofuels and wind power.As of December 2013, BP has operations in approximately 80 countries, produces around 3.2 million barrels per day of oil equivalent, has total proved reserves of 17.9 billion barrels of oil equivalent, and has around 17,800 service stations. Its largest division is BP America in the United States. In Russia BP owns a 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the world's largest publicly traded oil and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production. BP has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index; it had a market capitalisation of £85.2 billion as of April 2013, the fourth-largest of any company listed on the exchange. It has secondary listings on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1908, established as a subsidiary of Burmah Oil Company to exploit oil discoveries in Iran. In 1935, it became the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and in 1954 British Petroleum. In 1959, the company expanded beyond the Middle East to Alaska and in 1965 it was the first company to strike oil in the North Sea. British Petroleum acquired majority control of Standard Oil of Ohio in 1978. Formerly majority state-owned, the British government privatised the company in stages between 1979 and 1987. British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001. From 2003 to 2013, BP was a partner in the TNK-BP joint venture in Russia.BP has been directly involved in several major environmental and safety incidents. Among them were the 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, which caused the death of 15 workers and resulted in a record-setting OSHA fine; Britain's largest oil spill, the wreck of Torrey Canyon; and the 2006 Prudhoe Bay oil spill, the largest oil spill on Alaska's North Slope, which resulted in a US$25 million civil penalty, the largest per-barrel penalty at that time for an oil spill.The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest accidental release of oil into marine waters in history, resulted in severe environmental, health and economic consequences, and serious legal and public relations repercussions for BP. One-point-eight million gallons of Corexit oil dispersant were used in the cleanup response, becoming the largest application of such chemicals in US history. The company plead guilty to 11 counts of felony manslaughter, two misdemeanors, and one felony count of lying to Congress, and agreed to pay more than $4.5 billion in fines and penalties, the largest criminal resolution in US history.Legal proceedings are continuing, with proceedings set to commence in January 2015 to determine payouts and fines under the Clean Water Act and the Natural Resources Damage Assessment. In September 2014, the judge ruled in the first phase of the case that BP was "reckless" and committed "gross negligence," in a "worst case" ruling that could cost BP $18 billion in additional penalties above the $28 billion already expended on the spill by that time. BP is appealing the ruling, which raised concerns about BP's future. Wikipedia.


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Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-08-17

A method for recalculating the solvent power of a light oil, SP_((LO recalculated)), is provided. The method comprises: wherein: The recalculated solvent power may be used in methods for preventing asphaltene precipitation during processing of crude oils in a refinery.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-08-17

A method for determining a relationship between the ratio of solvent power to critical solvent power and the threshold light paraffin content of a hydrocarbon fluid is provided. The method comprises:


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-02-15

An apparatus (10) for lifting and transporting a load, in particular in the form of an ISO container (11), comprises a supporting frame (12), means or wheels (16, 18) for moving the apparatus relative to the ground, means (20) for lifting the load comprising a respective mast having a first part (20a) connected to the frame (12) and a second part (20b) extendable relative to the first part (20a), and means (22) for gripping the load, able to move along the mast (20). The apparatus also comprising traction or movement driving means (24, 24) and means (26, 26) for driving the lifting of the load gripping means, the traction means (24, 24) and/or the means (26, 26) for driving the lifting being in the form of corresponding electric motor means which are powered by corresponding electricity accumulator means (30) through corresponding control means (314, 314, 316, 316). The apparatus is such that, advantageously, during the lowering strokes of the extendable part of the mast, the electric motor means (26, 26) of the lifting means (20) are designed to act as means for generating electricity, which is supplied to the electricity accumulator means (30).


Patent
British Petroleum and Syngenta | Date: 2016-07-25

The invention relates to polypeptides having glucanase, e.g., endoglucanase, mannanase, xylanase activity or a combination of these activities, and polynucleotides encoding them. In one aspect, the glucanase activity is an endoglucanase activity (e.g., endo-1,4-beta-D-glucan 4-glucano hydrolase activity) and comprises hydrolysis of 1,4 -beta-D-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, cellulose derivatives (e.g., carboxy methyl cellulose and hydroxy ethyl cellulose) lichenin, beta-1,4 bonds in mixed beta-1,3 glucans, such as cereal beta-D-glucans or xyloglucans and other plant material containing cellulosic parts. In addition, methods of designing new enzymes and methods of use thereof are also provided. In alternative aspects, the new glucanases e.g., endoglucanases, mannanases, xylanases have increased activity and stability at increased pH and temperature.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-10-06

A method for use in seismic imaging a subterranean geological formation, includes: displaying a gather of seismic images, the seismic images being generated from a set of seismic data representative of the geological formation; interactively selecting an illumination band based on the degree of signal and noise separation in the seismic images; decomposing each of the seismic images of the gather into a partial image, each partial image defined in the seismic image by the selected illumination band; interactively selecting at least a portion of one or more of the partial images based on a predominance of signal; interactively weighting the selected portions relative to the predominance of signal; stacking the selected, interactively weighted portions; and displaying an image of the stacked, weighted portions.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2015-11-12

A method may involve positioning a fixture over a portion of a tube portion of a gasket, where the gasket includes a first lip portion joined to a second lip portion by a weld of the gasket and the first lip portion joined to the second lip portion defines the tube portion, where the fixture comprises a housing and an injection port; positioning an ultrasonic probe in the housing; filling, by the injection port, coupling fluid between the ultrasonic probe and the tube portion of the gasket; and scanning at least a portion of the weld with the ultrasonic probe, where scanning the at least a portion of the weld may involve transmitting, by the ultrasonic probe, a plurality of ultrasonic waves through the coupling fluid into the tube portion, and translating the fixture in a longitudinal direction along the tube portion of the gasket.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2016-11-10

A method for use in marine seismic surveying includes: towing at least a portion of a marine seismic survey spread; imparting a composite swept seismic signal from the marine seismic survey spread, the composite swept seismic signal including a plurality of randomized subsweeps having different frequencies relative to one another and being emitted in parallel; and receiving a respective return for each of the subsweeps.


Some embodiments of a method for optimizing drilling include determining at least one section of a wellbore for which to determine a schedule for replacing one or more drill bits during drilling the wellbore. Some embodiments of the method also include determining one or more constraints on the schedule for replacing the one or more drill bits. Some embodiments of the method also include determining, based on the one or more constraints, a plurality of scenarios for replacing the one or more drill bits during drilling the at least one section. Some embodiments of the method include determining, by one or more processors, a total cost for each scenario in the plurality of scenarios. Some embodiments of the method include identifying at least one scenario in the plurality of scenarios that has the lowest cost compared to other ones of the plurality of scenarios.


Patent
British Petroleum | Date: 2017-02-15

A method for use in seismic exploration comprises: accessing a set of seismic data representative of a subterranean geological formation and a subsurface attribute model of the subterranean geological formation; performing a wavefield extrapolation on the seismic data in the subsurface attribute model; applying the time-shift extended imaging condition to the extrapolated wavefields; forming shot-indexed, time shift gathers for each image pixel of the subsurface attribute model from the conditioned extrapolated wavefields; adaptively focusing the gathers; and stacking the adaptively focused gathers; and imaging the subterranean geological formation from the stacked, adaptively focused gathers. The method may, in some aspects, be realized by a computing apparatus programmed to perform the method or as a set of instructions encoded on a non-transitory program storage medium that, when executed by a computing apparatus, perform the method.


Patent
The Regents Of The University Of California and British Petroleum | Date: 2017-04-12

The present disclosure relates generally to methods for controlling souring in engineered systems, and more specifically to methods of controlling souring using chemical, physical, and combinatorial treatments of engineered systems to reduce hydrogen sulfide-associated souring in such engineered systems, such as oil reservoirs.

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