British Institute of Technology and E commerce

Cockenzie, United Kingdom

British Institute of Technology and E commerce

Cockenzie, United Kingdom
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Vilbrandt T.,Digital Materialization Laboratory | Vilbrandt C.,Digital Materialization Laboratory | Pasko G.I.,British Institute of Technology and E commerce | Stamm C.,Uformia | Pasko A.,Bournemouth University
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications | Year: 2011

Preserving cultural heritage requires that objects persist throughout time and continue to communicate an intended meaning. Owing to the decreasing number of masters of folk crafts, fading technologies, and crafts losing economic ground, computer-based preservation and interpretation of such crafts is necessary. To fabricate and preserve traditional crafts, a long-term applied-research project has combined mathematics and software tools with compact, cheap, and environmentally friendly desktop fabrication tools, including 3D printers. Case studies involving the digital capture of Japanese lacquerware and Norwegian carvings illustrate the project's modeling approach and fabrication system. Besides modeling existing artifacts, the project includes Web presentations of the models, automated model fabrication, and experimental manufacturing of new designs and forms. © 2006 IEEE.


Mosadeghrad A.M.,British Institute of Technology and E Commerce
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance | Year: 2014

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the most important influencing factors in choosing a hospital by a patient. Design/methodology/approach: This study involved a mixed research design. Focus groups and in-depth individual interviews were conducted with patients to explore reasons for choosing a hospital. In addition, this study involved survey-based research on the patient choice. Findings: Type of the hospital, type of the service, word of mouth, cost of services, the health insurance programme, location, physical environment, facilities, providers' expertise and interpersonal behaviour, and reputation of the hospital influenced patients' choice of a hospital. Doctor recommendations and health insurance programme were the main reasons for choosing a hospital for inpatients and outpatients respectively. Practical implications: Identifying and understanding key factors that influence a patient choice of a healthcare setting helps managers and policy makers invest their resources in those critical areas and improve those aspects of their services to attract more patients. Originality/value: This article contributes to healthcare theory and practice by developing a conceptual framework for understanding the factors that influence a patient choice of a healthcare setting. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Pasko G.,British Institute of Technology and E commerce | Kravtsov D.,Bournemouth University | Pasko A.,Bournemouth University
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2010

In contrast to existing methods of metamorphosis based on interpolation schemes, space-time blending is a geometric operation of bounded blending performed in the higher-dimensional space. It provides transformations between shapes of different topology without necessarily establishing their alignment or correspondence. The original formulation of space-time blending has several problems: fast uncontrolled transition between shapes within the given time interval, generation of disconnected components, and lack of intuitive user control over the transformation process. We propose several techniques for more intuitive user control for space-time blending. The problem of the fast transition between the shapes is solved by the introduction of additional controllable affine transformations applied to initial objects in space-time. This gives more control to the user. The approach is further extended with the introduction of an additional non-linear deformation operation to the pure space-time blending. The proposed techniques have been implemented and tested within an industrial computer animation system. Moreover, this method can now be employed in real-time applications taking advantage of modern GPUs. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Prade H.,University Paul Sabatier | Richard G.,University Paul Sabatier | Richard G.,British Institute of Technology and E commerce
International Journal of Intelligent Systems | Year: 2011

Reasoning deductively under incomplete information is nonmonotonic in nature since the arrival of additional information may invalidate or reverse previously obtained conclusions. It amounts to apply generic default rules in an appropriate way to a particular (partially described) situation. This type of nonmonotonic reasoning can only provide plausible conclusions. Analogical reasoning is another form of commonly used reasoning that yields brittle conclusions. It is nondeductive in nature and proceeds by putting particular situations in parallel. Analogical reasoning also exhibits nonmonotonic features, as investigated in this paper when particular situations may be incompletely stated. The paper reconsiders the pattern of plausible reasoning proposed by Polya, "a and b are analogous, a is true, then b true is more credible,'' from a nonmonotonic reasoning point of view. A representation of the statement "a and b are analogous" in terms of nonmonotonic consequences relations is presented. This representation is then related to a logical definition of analogical proportions, i.e. statements of the form "a is to b as c is to d" that has been recently proposed and extended to other types of proportions. Remarkably enough, semantic equivalence between conditional objects of the form "b given a," which have been shown as being at the root of nonmonotonic reasoning, constitutes another type of noticeable proportions. By offering a parallel between two important forms of commonsense reasoning, this paper enriches the comparison between nonmonotonic reasoning and analogical reasoning that is not often made. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Prade H.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Richard G.,British Institute of Technology and E commerce
Proceedings of The International Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic | Year: 2010

Boolean logic interpretations have been recently proposed for analogical proportions (i.e. statements of the form "a is to b as c is to d"), and for two other related formal proportions named reverse analogy ("what a is to b is the reverse of what c is to d"), and paralogy ("what a and b have in common c and d have it also"). These proportions relate items a, b, c, and d in different ways, on the basis of their differences, or of their similarities. This paper investigates multiple-valued models for these proportions. These extensions may serve different purposes, such as taking into account graded features, or handling crisp ones in non binary attribute domains in a compact way. After summarizing the main results in the binary case, we discuss what multiple valued patterns make sense for the different proportions, starting with tri-valued interpretations, and then considering [0, 1]-valued interpretations. It appears that Lukasiewicz implication-based interpretation fits well with the intended meaning of analogy and reverse analogy, while a minimum-based interpretation is more suitable for paralogy in case of graded features. Besides, the interest of an interpretation based on Post algebra in case of non binary attribute domains is briefly outlined. Similarities and differences with the standard Boolean setting are highlighted. © 2010 IEEE.


Slevin M.,British Institute of Technology and E Commerce
Therapeutic Angiogenesis for Vascular Diseases: Molecular Mechanisms and Targeted Clinical Approaches for the Treatment of Angiogenic Disease | Year: 2011

Angiogenesis is the growth of new blood vessels and is a key process which occurs during pathological disease progression. Excessive and damaging angiogenesis occurs in diseases such as cancer, diabetic retinopathies, age-related macular degeneration and atherosclerosis. In other diseases such as stroke and myocardial infarction, insufficient or improper angiogenesis results in tissue loss and ultimately higher morbidity and mortality. In this book we will begin by providing the reader with an overview of the process of angiogenesis including normal embryological development of blood vessels. The following chapters will each focus on a key angiogenic disease incorporating current scientific knowledge concerning the causes of activation of the "angiogenic switch", pathological consequences, current treatment options and future perspectives. Where appropriate, results from pre-clinical trials, novel imaging modalities and nanotechnological approaches will be incorporated into these sections. Finally, since it is now believed that the process of angiogenesis operated via different signalling mechanisms in different vascular beds, we will discuss our current understanding of this phenomenon. The target audience for this book would include researchers in all the basic sciences; post-graduate students at Universities and Institutes; pharmaceutical industries; clinicians working in vascular biology or tissue imaging; pathologists; neurologists; tumour biologists; ophthalmologists and cardiologists. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.


Hazarika B.,Assam Don Bosco University | Singh T.J.,Assam Don Bosco University | Saedy H.A.,British Institute of Technology and E Commerce
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2015

Cloud Computing provides solution to licensing, distribution, configuration, and operation of enterprise application associated with the traditional IT infrastructure. Thus to define Quality of Service (QoS) clients and service providers need to establish a Service Level Agreement (SLA). The main objective of service providers is to improve Customer Satisfaction Level (CSL). In this paper, we present a method to minimize the number of reports generated by adapting the method of Window based State Monitoring framework and thereby reporting only the continuous state violations. In previous works, the issue of SLA violation has not received thorough analysis. In this work, we will keep track of the violation in processing a user request and the CPU utilization during the completion of the task. This will play a major role in avoiding the performance degradation encountered by a VM. Another major contribution of this paper is committed to detailed analysis of the state of Cloud environments and datacenter resources with relevant energy consumption during the processing time of a user request. © 2015 The Authors.


Liu Y.,British Institute of Technology and E Commerce | Bacon J.,University of Cambridge
i-CREATe 2010 - International Convention on Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology | Year: 2010

We reveal that, despite the high expectations and continuous investment of ICT in education, the technology hasn't been explored and exploited fully to meet the special needs. This is an issue, which we urgently require a more exploratory and cross boundary approach to pursue. One of the biggest problems to people who have disabilities is poverty; most of them still don't have proper jobs. We challenge the diffusion of innovation theories which don't seem to recognise that neither Technology, nor User, nor Market is a global generic domain created outside the education sphere with critical social, political and economic variables. One scenario observed is situated in a rural area called Baoji in the northeast of China. The college had a large number of computers and connections to the Internet, but was seriously lacking ICT resources for teaching and technical support. In contrast, the other college observed was in the most developed city Shanghai. Surprisingly, they had been exploring the Web technology for their electronic collaborations for years. Situated in the school settings, the method of semi-structured interview was used to understand how the innovation is diffused. It is found that, the students had shown high motivations to use ICT as a first and foremost essential tool to access information, and to participate in community activities and employability enhancement; they found it difficult to do so by other means. The assistive, sensory, interactive and communicative technologies are becoming available and affordable. Teachers and learners are users of ICT; they themselves are influencing what approaches to take in using ICT. © 2010 START Centre.


Prade H.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Richard G.,British Institute of Technology and E Commerce | Yao B.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole
Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference of Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition, SoCPaR 2010 | Year: 2010

Boolean logic interpretations, as well as multiple-valued logic extensions, have been recently proposed for analogical proportions (i.e. statements of the form "a is to b as c is to d"), and for two other related formal proportions named reverse analogy ("what a is to b is the reverse of what c is to d"), and paralogy ("what a and b have in common c and d have it also"). These proportions relate items a, b, c, and d on the basis of their differences, or of their similarities. This may provide a basis for proposing a plausible classification for an object d described in terms of a set of features, on the basis of three other already classified objects described on the same features, considering that if some proportion holds for a sufficiently large number of features, it may hold on the allocation of the classes as well. This is the basis of a classification method which is tested on machine learning benchmarks for binary or multiple class problems with objects that have numerical features. © 2010 IEEE.


Prade H.,University Paul Sabatier | Richard G.,University Paul Sabatier | Richard G.,British Institute of Technology and E commerce
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2010

Given a 4-tuple of Boolean variables (a, b, c, d), logical proportions are modeled by a pair of equivalences relating similarity indicators (a=b and a=b), or dissimilarity indicators (a=b and a=b) pertaining to the pair (a, b) to the ones associated with the pair (c, d). There are 120 distinct logical proportions. One of them models analogical proportions which correspond to statements of the form "a is to b as c is to d". The paper inventories the whole set of logical proportions by dividing it into 5 subfamilies according to what their logical proportions express, and then identifies the proportions that satisfy noticeable properties such as full identity (the pair of equivalences defining the proportion hold as true for the 4-tuple (a, a, a, a)), symmetry (if the proportion holds for (a, b, c, d), it also holds for (c, d, a, b)), or code independency (if the proportion holds for (a, b, c, d), it also holds for (¬a,¬b, ¬c, ¬d)). Finally, the paper provides a discussion of the potential interest of logical proportions, which clearly have a cognitive appeal. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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