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Laie, HI, United States

Brigham Young University–Hawaii is a private university located in Laie, Hawaii, United States. It is owned and operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints .BYU-Hawaii was founded in 1955 and offers programs in mathematics, liberal arts, and management. The university is broadly organized into four colleges, and its parent organization, the Church Educational System, sponsors sister schools in Utah and Idaho. The university's sole focus is on undergraduate education.Approximately 97% of the university's 2,800 students are members of the LDS Church. BYU-Hawaii students are required to follow an honor code, which requires behavior in line with LDS teachings . A BYU-Hawaii education is less expensive than similar private universities since a large portion of tuition is funded by LDS Church tithing funds.The university partners with the LDS Church-owned Polynesian Cultural Center, the largest living museum in the State of Hawaii, which employs roughly one third of the student body. Its athletic teams compete in Division II of the NCAA and are collectively known as the BYU-Hawaii Seasiders. They are members of the Pacific West Conference and have won 19 national titles. Wikipedia.


McGrath B.B.,Psychosocial and Community Health | Ka'ili T.O.,Brigham Young University - Hawaii
Public Health Nursing | Year: 2010

Objective: This is an evaluation of the process and outcome of a research study to determine a culturally targeted health promotion program for U.S. Pacific Islander youth who are at risk for co-occurring problem behaviors, including risky sexual behavior, substance abuse, and interpersonal violence. Design and Sample: An exploratory design was used and included qualitative interviews (N=54), focus groups (N=16), participant observation (over 3 years), and surveys (N=24) with Pacific Islander adults and youth. After identifying key cultural values and reviewing existing evidence-based prevention interventions, " Project Talanoa" was developed around 4 constructs: (1) cultural identity and pride, (2) teen health, (3) peer relations, and (4) family ties. The program was pilot tested and evaluated by 24 Pacific Islander adolescents (ages 12-15 years). Results: Results indicate it was culturally appropriate, well liked by the participants, supported by parents and others in the community, and found to be feasible. Conclusions: Additional research is needed to test it for effectiveness. Project Talanoa provides a model for applying cultural concepts in the development of a risk reduction intervention for adolescents. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Dennis A.R.,Indiana University Bloomington | Robert Jr. L.P.,University of Michigan | Curtis A.M.,Brigham Young University - Hawaii | Kowalczyk S.T.,Indiana University Bloomington | Hasty B.K.,Air Force Institute of Technology
Information Systems Research | Year: 2012

Research in face-to-face teams shows conflicting results about the impact of behavioral controls on trust; some research shows that controls increase the salience of good behavior, which increases trust while other research shows that controls increase the salience of poor behavior that decreases trust. The only study in virtual teams, which examined poorly functioning teams, found that controls increased the salience of poor behavior, which decreased trust. We argue that in virtual teams behavioral controls amplify the salience of all behaviors (positive and negative) and that an individual's selective perception bias influences how these behaviors are interpreted. Thus the link from behavioral controls to trust is more complex than first thought. We conducted a 2×2 experiment, varying the use of behavioral controls (controls, no controls) and individual team member behaviors (reneging behaviors designed to reduce trust beliefs and fulfilling behaviors designed to increase trust beliefs). We found that behavioral controls did amplify the salience of all behaviors; however, contrary to what we expected, this actually weakened the impact of reneging and fulfilling behaviors on trust. We believe that completing a formal evaluation increased empathy and the awareness of context in which the behaviors occurred and thus mitigated extreme perceptions. We also found that behavioral controls increased the selective perception bias which induced participants to see the behaviors their disposition to trust expected rather than the behaviors that actually occurred. © 2012 INFORMS. Source


Madsen K.E.,Brigham Young University - Hawaii
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2016

Fear research faces a dilemma as typical methods of induction elicit passive or indirect fear, rather than authentic or direct fear. The present study investigated and compared the effects of interactivity, or agency, on the physiological responses of participants as measures of direct fear as they either played or watched a horror-themed video game. Assuming agency allows for greater immersion, the former group would exhibit greater physiological responses, possibly indicating greater fear reaction. Change scores were calculated from subtracting baseline mean values from exposure mean values for every participant in measures of electrodermal activity (EDA), respiratory rate (RR), and heart rate (HR). Self-reported fear data was also gathered for every participant. Players had a significantly greater increase than watchers in EDA, RR, and HR change scores. Players and watchers did not differ significantly in self-reported fear. Change score t tests for specific events that occur in the video game are also reported. These results suggest that the variable of agency may have had the effect of inducing a greater fear response and that it provides utility for researchers seeking to ethically induce direct fear. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Thomas R.J.,Mayo Medical School | Denna T.,Brigham Young University - Hawaii
Current Cardiology Reports | Year: 2014

Growing evidence highlights the important role of post-hospitalization care (i.e., secondary prevention) for patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). While secondary prevention therapies are available that improve patient outcomes, receipt of those treatments by patients is suboptimal. Cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention (CR/SP) services are systematic, effective models of care that improve delivery of preventive therapies and patient outcomes after ACS, but unfortunately, patient participation in CR/SP has been suboptimal, due to patient-, provider-, and system-based barriers. Systematic processes, including automatic referral processes, help reduce these barriers and improve CR/SP participation, along with the associated health benefits. Strength of physician endorsement of CR/SP participation is another key step in improving CR/SP participation and patient outcomes following ACS. Accountability measures for CR/SP referral and enrollment, including performance measures and other quality of care methods, may help improve CR/SP delivery. Early evidence suggests that these measures have helped improve referral of eligible patients to CR/SP programs. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Patent
Brigham Young University - Hawaii | Date: 2013-04-05

A method for training an image processing neural network without human selection of features may include providing a training set of images labeled with two or more classifications, providing an image processing toolbox with image transforms that can be applied to the training set, generating a random set of feature extraction pipelines, where each feature extraction pipeline includes a sequence of image transforms randomly selected from the image processing toolbox and randomly selected control parameters associated with the sequence of image transforms. The method may also include coupling a first stage classifier to an output of each feature extraction pipeline and executing a genetic algorithm to conduct genetic modification of each feature extraction pipeline and train each first stage classifier on the training set, and coupling a second stage classifier to each of the first stage classifiers in order to increase classification accuracy.

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