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Longuini V.C.,Endocrine Genetics Unit Laboratorio Of Investigacao Medica Lim 25 | Lourenco D.M.,Endocrine Genetics Unit Laboratorio Of Investigacao Medica Lim | Sekiya T.,Endocrine Genetics Unit Laboratorio Of Investigacao Medica Lim 25 | Meirelles O.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | And 24 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2014

Objective: To date, no evidence of robust genotype-phenotype correlation or disease modifiers for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome has been described, leaving the highly variable clinical presentation of patients unaccounted for.Design: As the CDKN1B (p27) gene causes MEN4 syndrome and it is transcriptionally regulated by the product of the MEN1 gene (menin), we sought to analyze whether p27 influences the phenotype of MEN1-mutated patients. The cohort consisted of 100 patients carrying germline MEN1 gene mutations and 855 population-matched control individuals.Methods: Genotyping of the coding p27 c.326T>G (V109G) variant was performed by sequencing and restriction site digestion, and the genotypes were associated with clinical parameters by calculating odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% CIs using logistic regression.Results: There were significant differences in p27 V109G allele frequencies between controls and MEN1-mutated patients (OR=2.55, P=0.019, CI=1.013-5.76). Among patients who are ≥30 years old carrying truncating MEN1 mutations, the T allele was strongly associated with susceptibility to tumors in multiple glands (three to four glands affected vs one to two glands affected; OR=18.33; P=0.002, CI=2.88-16.41). This finding remained significant after the Bonferroni's multiple testing correction, indicating a robust association. No correlations were observed with the development of MEN1-related tumors such as hyperparathyroidism, pituitary adenomas, and enteropancreatic and adrenocortical tumors. © 2014 European Society of Endocrinology Printed in Great Britain.

Felicio J.S.,Brigadeiro Hospital | Martins C.L.L.P.,Federal University of Para | Mileo K.B.,Federal University of Para | Semer M.,Brigadeiro Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2012

Diagnosis of endogenous hyperinsulinism caused by insulinoma is based on confirmation of hypoglycemia during the symptoms associated to elevated insulin levels. Patients with insulinoma may demonstrate an excessive insulin response and subsequent hypoglycemia after 1 mg of glucagon iv injection. Glucagon test was performed in 11 patients with insulinoma before therapy and in 4 after therapy. Our study suggests that the presence of plasma glucose levels less than 55 mg/dl and below baseline at time 120 min of glucagon test strongly reinforce the diagnosis of insulino ©2012, Editrice Kurtis.

Pereira G.H.,Brigadeiro Hospital | Santos A.Q.,Depatment of Pediatric Hematology | Park M.,Depatment of Pediatric Hematology | Muller P.R.,Brigadeiro Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Mycopathologia | Year: 2010

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis rarely shows bone marrow involvement and its response to treatment with itraconazole in children needs further assessment. We describe here a child with a juvenile disseminated form of paracoccidioidomycosis, which showed reticuloendothelial system involvement and the presence of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis in the bone marrow. The patient showed an effective and rapid response to itraconazole therapy. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Sekiya T.,University of Sao Paulo | Bronstein M.D.,University of Sao Paulo | Benfini K.,Institute of Pathology | Longuini V.C.,University of Sao Paulo | And 26 more authors.
Endocrine-Related Cancer | Year: 2014

Germline mutations in p27kip1 are associated with increased susceptibility to multiple endocrine neoplasias (MEN) both in rats and humans; however, the potential role of common polymorphisms of this gene in endocrine tumor susceptibility and tumorigenesis remains mostly unrecognized. To assess the risk associated with polymorphism rs2066827 (p27-V109G), we genotyped a large cohort of Brazilian patients with sporadic endocrine tumors (pituitary adenomas, nZ252; pheochromocytomas, nZ125; medullary thyroid carcinoma, nZ51; and parathyroid adenomas, nZ19) and 885 population-matched healthy controls and determined the odds ratios and 95% CIs. Significant associations were found for the group of patients with pituitary adenomas (P=0.01), particularly for those with ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas (P=0.005). In contrast, no association was found with GH-secreting pituitary tumors alone or with the sporadic counterpart of MEN2-component neoplasias. Our in vitro analyses revealed increased colony formation and cell growth rate for an AtT20 corticotropin mouse cell line overexpressing the p27-V109G variant compared with cells transfected with the WT p27. However, the genotypic effects in genetic and in vitro approaches were divergent. In accordance with our genetic data showing specificity for ACTH-secreting pituitary tissues, the overexpression of p27-V109G in a GH3 somatotropin rat cell line resulted in no difference compared with the WT. Pituitary tumors are one of the major clinical components of syndromes associated with the p27 pathogenic mutations MENX and MEN4. Our genetic and in vitro data indicate that the common polymorphism rs2066827 may play a role in corticotropinoma susceptibility and tumorigenesis through a molecular mechanism not fully understood thus far. © 2014 Society for Endocrinology.

Pereira G.H.,Brigadeiro Hospital | de Angelis D.A.,Sao Paulo State University | Brasil R.A.,Adolfo Lutz Institute | dos Anjos Martins M.,Adolfo Lutz Institute | And 3 more authors.
Mycopathologia | Year: 2013

Disseminated fusariosis has emerged as a significant, usually fatal infection in immunocompromised hosts despite antifungal treatment. We describe here two patients with acute leukemia who developed disseminated amphotericin-resistant fusariosis, and review of six studies of cases series in the literature. Two Fusarium solani strains were isolated from blood and skin cultures of one patient, and one strain from the blood culture of the second patient. Both patients died despite antifungal treatment. Strains were identified by sequencing of ITS1 and ITS4 regions. Random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of the three F. solani isolates showed a low degree of similarity. Screening for Fusarium spp. contaminants within our facility was negative. Using the CLSI M-38-A2 broth dilution method and E tests®, we found that the MICs were low for voriconazole (0. 12 and 0. 5 mg/L, respectively), unexpectedly high for amphotericin B (≥8 and ≥32 μg/mL, respectively) and itraconazole (≥16 mg/ml). Patients with leukemia or persistent neutropenia should be assessed for disseminated fungal infections, including biopsy and skin cultures. Antifungal susceptibility tests are important due to the possibility of the strains being amphotericin resistant. Treatments must be aggressive, with high doses of antifungals or combined therapy. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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