Bridgewater State University is a public liberal-arts college located in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, United States. It is the largest college in the Massachusetts state university system outside the University of Massachusetts system. The university consists of the main campus located in Bridgewater, and two satellite campuses, one in Attleboro; and one on Cape Cod, which opened in January 2015. The school's sports teams are the Bears, and the school colors are Crimson Red, Black and White. Wikipedia.
Payne B.,Bridgewater State University
Environmental History | Year: 2013
The history of conservation has largely focused on the origins of the movement. The scholarship on the origins of conservation is often confined to a recurring debate between professionals championing efficient management and laborers championing local stewardship. In marine environmental history, fisheries historians highlight the role that fishing laborers played in both community and resource conservation, arguing that fishermen closely stewarded the resource and tried to limit the impact of industrial capitalism. In making this case, marine environmental historians rely heavily on E. P. Thompson's theory of moral economy. In this review of the historiography, I argue that marine environmental historians have paralleled southern agrarian historians in the Americanization of Thompson's theory, stressing not popular riots but a quest for a yeoman utopia among resource workers. Yet many historians of fishing labor inappropriately equate a moral economy with a moral ecology by overemphasizing ecological motivations to fishermen's desire to limit extraction. They create a false image of a fisherfolk seeking independence from market forces. This article uses the specific case study of Maine sardine-herring weir fishermen to illustrate how fishermen could be both capitalist and conservationist. Their campaigns were directed less toward limited production than toward the local control of that production. © 2012 The Author.
Jayawickreme D.H.,Bridgewater State University |
Jobbagy E.G.,National University of San Luis |
Jackson R.B.,Duke University
New Phytologist | Year: 2014
Ecologists, ecohydrologists, and biogeochemists need detailed insights into belowground properties and processes, including changes in water, salts, and other elements that can influence ecosystem productivity and functioning. Relying on traditional sampling and observation techniques for such insights can be costly, time consuming, and infeasible, especially if the spatial scales involved are large. Geophysical imaging provides an alternative or complement to traditional methods to gather subsurface variables across time and space. In this paper, we review aspects of geophysical imaging, particularly electrical and electromagnetic imaging, that may benefit ecologists seeking clearer understanding of the shallow subsurface. Using electrical resistivity imaging, for example, we have been able to successfully show the effect of land-use conversions to agriculture on salt mobilization and leaching across kilometer-long transects and to depths of tens of meters. Recent advances in ground-penetrating radar and other geophysical imaging methods currently provide opportunities for subsurface imaging with sufficient detail to locate small (≥5 cm diameter) animal burrows and plant roots, observe soil-water and vegetation spatial correlations in small watersheds, estuaries, and marshes, and quantify changes in groundwater storage at local to regional scales using geophysical data from ground- and space-based platforms. Ecologists should benefit from adopting these minimally invasive, scalable imaging technologies to explore the subsurface and advance our collective research. © 2013 New Phytologist Trust.
Hines D.A.,Clark University |
Douglas E.M.,Bridgewater State University
Aggressive Behavior | Year: 2012
Extensive work has documented an association between sustaining intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol/drug abuse among women, yet little research has documented the same association in men, even though men comprise 25-50% of all IPV victims in a given year. This study investigates the associations among sustaining IPV and alcohol/drug abuse among both a clinical and community sample of men. The clinical sample is comprised of 302 men who sustained intimate terrorism-a form of IPV that is characterized by much violence and controlling behavior-from their female partners and sought help. The community sample is composed of 520 men, 16% of whom sustained common couple violence, a lower level of more minor reciprocal IPV. Analyses showed that among both groups of men who sustained IPV, the prevalence and frequency of alcohol/drug abuse was significantly higher than in men who did not sustain IPV. However, a dose-response relationship between sustaining IPV and alcohol/drug abuse was found only among men in the community sample. Path modeling showed that, for the community sample, the best fitting models were ones that showed that the alcohol/drug abuse predicted IPV victimization, an association that was fully mediated by their use of IPV. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Bloch C.P.,Bridgewater State University
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2012
Objective: To compare the hydro-surgical technique to traditional techniques for removal of subcutaneous tissue in the preparation of full-thickness skin grafts. Study design: Ex vivo experimental study and a single clinical case report. Sample population: Four canine cadavers and a single clinical case. Methods: Four sections of skin were harvested from the lateral flank of recently euthanatized dogs. Traditional preparation methods used included both a blade or scissors technique, each of which were compared to the hydro-surgical technique individually. Preparation methods were compared based on length of time for removal of the subcutaneous tissue from the graft, histologic grading, and measurable thickness as compared to an untreated sample. Results: The hydro-surgical technique had the shortest skin graft preparation time as compared to traditional techniques (p = 0.002). There was no significant difference in the histological grading or measurable subcutaneous thickness between skin specimens. Clinical significance: The hydro-surgical technique provides a rapid, effective debridement of subcutaneous tissue in the preparation of full-thickness skin grafts. There were not any significant changes in histological grade and subcutaneous tissue remaining among all treatment types. Additionally the hydro-surgical technique was successfully used to prepare a full-thickness meshed free skin graft in the reconstruction of a traumatic medial tarsal wound in a dog. © Schattauer 2012.
Hines D.A.,Clark University |
Douglas E.M.,Bridgewater State University
Violence and Victims | Year: 2013
Researchers have documented predictors of life-threatening violence by men toward women. Little research has assessed predictors of life-threatening violence toward men by women. We investigated such predictors in a sample of 302 men who sustained partner violence (PV) and sought help. Based on prior research on women as victims, we examined the following as potential predictors: Demographics of the participant, his female partner, and their relationship; relationship power imbalances; her use of various forms of PV; her alcohol/drug use; his use of various forms of PV; his mental health and substance abuse; and his help seeking and social support. Logistic regressions indicated that there were 2 consistent predictors: The female partner's frequency of physical PV and the number of sources from which theparticipant sought help. © 2013 Springer Publishing Company.