Bridgewater, MA, United States

Bridgewater State University

www.bridgew.edu/
Bridgewater, MA, United States

Bridgewater State University is a public liberal-arts college located in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, United States. It is the largest college in the Massachusetts state university system outside the University of Massachusetts system. The university consists of the main campus located in Bridgewater, and two satellite campuses, one in Attleboro; and one on Cape Cod, which opened in January 2015. The school's sports teams are the Bears, and the school colors are Crimson Red, Black and White. Wikipedia.

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News Article | November 30, 2016
Site: www.eurekalert.org

BOSTON - In a new study published online today in the journal Neurology, a research team led by neurologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and neuropsychologists at Boston University has shown that when patients with Parkinson's disease experience a drop in blood pressure upon standing up - a condition known as orthostatic hypotension (OH) - they exhibit significant cognitive deficits. These deficits reverse when they lie down and their blood pressure returns to normal. These cognitive impairments may go unnoticed by physicians assessing patients with Parkinson's who are lying down or seated, and could lead to difficulty in daily activities performed while standing and walking, such as tracking conversations, counting change and interpreting traffic signals. "Cognitive impairment is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease," said co-senior author Roy Freeman, MD, director of the Center for Autonomic and Peripheral Nerve Disorders at BIDMC and a professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School (HMS). "In this study, we demonstrated that the upright posture in patients with Parkinson's disease exacerbated cognitive deficits, and that this effect is transient and reversible. Based on these results, we encourage clinicians to include cognitive testing in a variety of postures in their assessments of patients." Marked by characteristic tremor, rigidity and slowness of movement, Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive degeneration of parts of the nervous system. It affects many aspects of movement and can cause a masklike, expressionless face, rigid limbs, and problems with walking and posture. PD is also associated with cognitive defects attributed to breakdowns in connectivity between regions of the brain. Up to 50 percent of people with Parkinson's disease may also have orthostatic hypotension. In a previous study, Freeman and colleagues demonstrated that orthostatic hypotension is linked to reversible cognitive impairment in patients with a rare neurological disorder called autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy. In this new study of the far more prevalent Parkinson's disease, the researchers investigated whether OH is linked to reversible cognitive deficits in patients with PD as well. Freeman and colleagues including lead author Justin Centi and co-senior author Alice Cronin-Golomb, PhD, director of the Vision and Cognition Laboratory and Center for Clinical Biopsychology and a professor of psychological and brain sciences at Boston University, divided 55 volunteers into three study groups: 18 patients with both PD and OH, 19 patients with PD but without OH, and 18 control participants with neither PD nor OH. All participants were given a series of cognitive tests, with the tests administered while supine and again while tilted to 60 degrees. Researchers measured and recorded the participants' blood pressure before and during each round of cognitive testing to ensure that participants were never at risk for fainting. "As we suspected, people with both Parkinson's disease and orthostatic hypotension showed posture-related impairments when upright relative to supine on nearly all measures of cognition," said Centi, who noted that study participants with Parkinson's disease without orthostatic hypotension demonstrated deficits on only two cognitive tests. There was no difference between upright and supine scores for the control group. When the three groups' relative performances were compared to each other, postural changes had no significant impact on participants with PD but without OH, compared to the control group. However, Participants with PD and OH were far more susceptible to posture-related impairment on several tests, including those that measured math skills, the ability to produce words easily, keeping information in mind while working on it, paying sufficient attention so that later memory is efficient and searching for items quickly and accurately. "Essentially all neuropsychological tests are given to patients in the seated position in the clinic as well as during most research studies - with the exception of imaging studies in which the patient is lying down," said Cronin-Golomb. "The cognitive performance that we see in those patients with Parkinson's disease who are tested when seated or lying down in fact may underestimate their cognitive problems in real life, when they are standing up and going about their business of daily activities. Also, the patterns of brain activity that we see on imaging when they are lying down may not be the patterns that the brain produces during normal upright activity." Cognitive deficits in PD result, at least in part, from neurodegeneration, the authors explained. But transient blood pressure changes when upright may indeed play a contributing role. Clinical providers might miss an important target for intervention when not considering OH as a contributor to cognitive impairment. In addition to Freeman, Centi, and Cronin-Golomb, study coauthors included Christopher H. Gibbons, MD, of BIDMC and HMS; Sandy Neargarder, PhD, of Boston University and Bridgewater State University; and Alex Canova of Boston University. This work was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (R01NS067128) and support from a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (F31NS074801). Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center is a patient care, teaching and research affiliate of Harvard Medical School and consistently ranks as a national leader among independent hospitals in National Institutes of Health funding. BIDMC is in the community with Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Milton, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Needham, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Plymouth, Anna Jaques Hospital, Cambridge Health Alliance, Lawrence General Hospital, MetroWest Medical Center, Signature Healthcare, Beth Israel Deaconess HealthCare, Community Care Alliance and Atrius Health. BIDMC is also clinically affiliated with the Joslin Diabetes Center, Hebrew Rehabilitation Center and is a research partner of Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center and the Jackson Laboratory. BIDMC is the official hospital of the Boston Red Sox. For more information, visit http://www. .


Willig M.R.,University of Connecticut | Bloch C.P.,Bridgewater State University | Presley S.J.,University of Connecticut
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2014

Climate-induced disturbances such as hurricanes affect the structure and functioning of many ecosystems, especially those in the Caribbean Basin, where effects are well documented with regard to biodiversity and biogeochemical dynamics. Because climate change will likely alter the frequency or intensity of such storms, it is increasingly important to understand the mechanistic bases for ecosystem responses. However, this is particularly difficult to do in the absence of manipulative experiments that decouple confounded factors such as canopy opening and debris deposition. To address this issue, we exploited a replicated factorial design to experimentally distinguish the effects of canopy opening and debris deposition on population- and community-level characteristics of gastropods in the Luquillo Experimental Forest of Puerto Rico. Despite considerable spatial variation, abundances of all gastropods (combined) as well as abundances of each of 3 species (i.e., Alcadia striata, Platysuccinea portoricensis, and Polydontes acutangula) responded significantly to canopy opening while abundances of each of 2 species (i.e., Pl. portoricensis, and Po. acutangula) responded significantly to debris deposition within two years of experimental manipulation. In contrast, two species (i.e., Gaeotis nigrolineata and Nenia tridens) did not respond to any experimental manipulations in the short term. Moreover, species composition did not differ between pre- and post-manipulation periods, in part because of considerable variation among replicated blocks. In contrast, canopy removal consistently affected species richness, Shannon diversity, and rarity, while debris deposition consistently affected species richness and Shannon diversity. Neither treatment affected species dominance or evenness. Longer-term responses of the gastropod fauna were more complex. Although considerable interspecific heterogeneity characterized responses of the gastropod fauna, temporal variation in mean abundance for each of the three manipulative treatments was similar to that of the non-manipulated treatment when abundances were combined for all species. In contrast, temporal variation in each of the manipulative treatments was unrelated to temporal variation in the non-manipulated treatment for species richness, evenness, dominance, and rarity. Moreover, temporal variation in abundance generally differed between at least two of the manipulative treatments for most species and temporal variation in components of taxonomic biodiversity generally differed between manipulative treatments as well. Temporal variation in species composition was considerable and comparable for each of the four treatment combinations. Species composition within each treatment combination varied over time in ways unrelated to temporal variation in the other treatment combinations, including the reference treatment (i.e., no canopy trimming and no debris addition). Manipulated treatments were surrounded by large areas of intact forest, and tabonuco forest generally exhibits appreciable spatial and temporal variation. Natural spatiotemporal variation in the study system likely overwhelmed many of the effects of experimental manipulations on gastropod populations or communities via edge effects and recruitment of individuals from nearby less disturbed portions of the landscape. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Hines D.A.,Clark University | Douglas E.M.,Bridgewater State University
Aggressive Behavior | Year: 2012

Extensive work has documented an association between sustaining intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol/drug abuse among women, yet little research has documented the same association in men, even though men comprise 25-50% of all IPV victims in a given year. This study investigates the associations among sustaining IPV and alcohol/drug abuse among both a clinical and community sample of men. The clinical sample is comprised of 302 men who sustained intimate terrorism-a form of IPV that is characterized by much violence and controlling behavior-from their female partners and sought help. The community sample is composed of 520 men, 16% of whom sustained common couple violence, a lower level of more minor reciprocal IPV. Analyses showed that among both groups of men who sustained IPV, the prevalence and frequency of alcohol/drug abuse was significantly higher than in men who did not sustain IPV. However, a dose-response relationship between sustaining IPV and alcohol/drug abuse was found only among men in the community sample. Path modeling showed that, for the community sample, the best fitting models were ones that showed that the alcohol/drug abuse predicted IPV victimization, an association that was fully mediated by their use of IPV. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Objective: To compare the hydro-surgical technique to traditional techniques for removal of subcutaneous tissue in the preparation of full-thickness skin grafts. Study design: Ex vivo experimental study and a single clinical case report. Sample population: Four canine cadavers and a single clinical case. Methods: Four sections of skin were harvested from the lateral flank of recently euthanatized dogs. Traditional preparation methods used included both a blade or scissors technique, each of which were compared to the hydro-surgical technique individually. Preparation methods were compared based on length of time for removal of the subcutaneous tissue from the graft, histologic grading, and measurable thickness as compared to an untreated sample. Results: The hydro-surgical technique had the shortest skin graft preparation time as compared to traditional techniques (p = 0.002). There was no significant difference in the histological grading or measurable subcutaneous thickness between skin specimens. Clinical significance: The hydro-surgical technique provides a rapid, effective debridement of subcutaneous tissue in the preparation of full-thickness skin grafts. There were not any significant changes in histological grade and subcutaneous tissue remaining among all treatment types. Additionally the hydro-surgical technique was successfully used to prepare a full-thickness meshed free skin graft in the reconstruction of a traumatic medial tarsal wound in a dog. © Schattauer 2012.


Payne B.,Bridgewater State University
Environmental History | Year: 2013

The history of conservation has largely focused on the origins of the movement. The scholarship on the origins of conservation is often confined to a recurring debate between professionals championing efficient management and laborers championing local stewardship. In marine environmental history, fisheries historians highlight the role that fishing laborers played in both community and resource conservation, arguing that fishermen closely stewarded the resource and tried to limit the impact of industrial capitalism. In making this case, marine environmental historians rely heavily on E. P. Thompson's theory of moral economy. In this review of the historiography, I argue that marine environmental historians have paralleled southern agrarian historians in the Americanization of Thompson's theory, stressing not popular riots but a quest for a yeoman utopia among resource workers. Yet many historians of fishing labor inappropriately equate a moral economy with a moral ecology by overemphasizing ecological motivations to fishermen's desire to limit extraction. They create a false image of a fisherfolk seeking independence from market forces. This article uses the specific case study of Maine sardine-herring weir fishermen to illustrate how fishermen could be both capitalist and conservationist. Their campaigns were directed less toward limited production than toward the local control of that production. © 2012 The Author.


Douglas E.M.,Bridgewater State University | Mohn B.L.,Bridgewater State University
Child Abuse and Neglect | Year: 2014

The purpose of this study was to compare children who are fatally and non-fatally maltreated in the United States. In this first national-comparison study, we used the Child Abuse and Neglect Data Set of children and families who encounter/receive support from child welfare services. We found that children who were fatally maltreated were younger, were more likely to live with both their parents, and that their families experienced more financial and housing instability compared to non-fatally maltreated children. Overall, families in which children die use/receive fewer social services, as compared to families in which children live. We discuss the results with regard to child welfare practice and research. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Child maltreatment fatalities have increasingly received attention over the past three decades and yet there is a dearth of information concerning case, service and family/household factors associated with maltreatment fatalities. This is a US multi-state study of 135 child welfare workers who experienced the death of a child on their caseload. They reported on the case, service and family/household characteristics of a child who died on their caseload. Results indicate that workers had seen victims one week prior to their death and were closely monitoring families. The most frequently mentioned family characteristics included: parental unemployment, parental mental health, experiencing a major life event and parents' inappropriate age expectations of the child. Parental alcohol and substance use were more common among infant victims; and parental perceptions of the child being 'difficult' were more common among older victims. The results are discussed with regard to future research and prevention for the field. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


The purpose of this article was to examine the potential impact of child welfare services on the risk for fatal child maltreatment. This was conducted using a subsample of children who were identified as “prior victims” in the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System from 2008 to 2012. At the multivariate level, the analyses show that case management services act to protect children from death as do family support services, family preservation services, and foster care, but that the results vary by type of maltreatment experienced. The author recommends that before strong conclusions are drawn, additional research in this area is warranted. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.


Twersky Glasner A.,Bridgewater State University
Aggression and Violent Behavior | Year: 2013

Researchers are continually looking for the definitive answer to the question of what causes violence; whether it is a product of biology or socialization or, perhaps, a bit of both. Lonnie Athens, a criminologist, is known primarily for his theory about the unique transforming process gone through by individuals to become dangerous, violent offenders. Athens, himself, said that discourse about the etiologies of violent behavior cannot be broken down into a dichotomous model; either bio-physiological or socialization, but rather should be conceptualized more holistically. This paper analyzes Athens's theory within a greater context of leading theories about violence. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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