Antonelli C.,University of Turin |
Quatraro F.,BRICK |
Quatraro F.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
Journal of Technology Transfer | Year: 2014
The paper by Ji and Wang (J Technol Transf, 2013) calls new attention on the analysis of the effects of the direction of technological change. The aim of this paper is to better articulate and test the theoretical arguments that the direction of technological changes has specific effects on the efficiency of the production process and to study the incentives and the processes that lead to its introduction. The decomposition of total factor productivity growth into the bias and the shift effects enables to articulate the hypothesis that the types of technological change whether more neutral or more biased reflect the variety of the innovation processes at work. The evidence of a large sample of European regions tests the hypothesis that regional innovations systems with a strong science base are better able to introduce neutral technological changes while regional innovation systems that rely more upon learning processes and tacit knowledge favor the introduction of directed technologies a form of meta-substitution that aims at exploiting the opportunities provided by the most intensive use of locally abundant factors. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Banal-Estanol A.,City University London |
Banal-Estanol A.,University Pompeu Fabra |
Jofre-Bonet M.,City University London |
Lawson C.,BRICK |
Lawson C.,University of Nottingham
Research Policy | Year: 2015
This paper studies the impact of university-industry collaboration on academic research output. We analyze the channels through which the degree of industry collaboration may be affecting research output. We exploit a unique longitudinal dataset on all the researchers in all the engineering departments of 40 major universities in the UK for the last 20 years. We use an innovative measure of collaboration based on the fraction of public research grants that include industry partners. Our empirical findings corroborate that the relationship between collaboration degree and publication rates is curvilinear, and shed some light on the selection mechanisms at work. Our results are robust to several econometric methods, measures of research output, and subsamples of academics.
Lawson C.,BRICK |
Lawson C.,University of Turin |
Sterzi V.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Science and Public Policy | Year: 2014
This paper explores the importance of early-career characteristics of academic inventors and how they affect their patenting activity. Using a novel dataset on 555 UK academic inventors, we find that the quality of the first invention is the best predictor for subsequent participation in the patenting process. We further find evidence for a positive training effect whereby researchers who were trained at universities that had already established commercialisation units patent more. In addition, researchers who gained their first patenting experience in industry are able to benefit from stronger knowledge flows and receive more citations than their purely academic peers. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Lawson C.,BRICK |
Lawson C.,University of Nottingham |
Shibayama S.,Tokyo University of Science
Science and Public Policy | Year: 2015
This paper investigates the effect of international research visits on promotion. Research visits may help to expand existing networks and promote knowledge transfer while at the same time ensuring career stability, identified as the main barrier to mobility in Europe and Japan. Using a dataset of 370 bioscience professors in Japan we find that international research visits have a positive effect on promotion and reduce the waiting time for promotion by one year. This provides evidence that these visits also benefit a researcher"s career in the long-term. This positive research visit effect is weaker for academics who also change jobs, but stronger for inbred academics. Research visits may therefore be of specific importance for otherwise immobile academics. Further, we find that while research visits of tenured staff enhance the career by providing an early chair, postdoctoral fellowships have no lasting effect on career progression. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.